If you compare a modern country and one that was 30 years ago, there are two significant differences. On the other, Soviet, adorned with a sea of beds, because to provide for the family vitamins any other way was simply impossible. Today, an abundance of shops, and therefore, in the country you can arrange a Paradise for travelers. And an indispensable attribute of the design is rich, thick, soft lawn where you can lie down like on the carpet, and enjoy the floating clouds. But that sown grass was pleased with the view, must undergo at least a year, and that wait is not desirable. However, there is a simple solution – buy locally grown grass in the store. Is laying sod is simple enough, special skills not required, but after a month it is possible to have picnics.
The cultivation of turf done by specialized firms-nurseries. The period from sowing seeds to getting the finished lawn on sale — three years. Often in the course are the seeds of the most resistant and unpretentious care grasses: PoA pratensis and red fescue. To ensure that the grass has acquired a density and thickness, her two years to grow. During this time the lawn has time to build up a strong root system, which will allow it to take root when transplanting. Only 3 year of finished herbal «carpet» with roots cut into layers with the help of special machines and mechanisms. Stripes immediately rolled to the root system is dry, and the bays are transported to points of sale.
All offered in the stores of the Bay with the grass to look the same. They cut into strips of length two meters, and width – 40 cm length of stems Usually reaches 6-7 cm, and the layer of the root system – more than 2 cm One Bay has a very significant weight within 25 kg.
A quality field has the same thickness of the sod and grass over the entire length of the roll. This check on the side cut
But these parameters are not enough to determine the quality of the lawn. To test is not compromised if the technology of cultivation, it is necessary Bay with turf roll and overlooked on both sides of the cut Plast.
Pay attention to the following:
- Whether among grass weeds.
- How even grass if there are bare spots (spots where the grass has not grown).
- Look at the rolled out of the Bay side: cut the layer should be of uniform thickness.
- Hold both hands over the edge of the roll and lightly pull towards yourself. If the grass responds and begins to lag behind the main layer, then this herb are poorly developed roots. This material survives poorly, so it’s best to ignore.
- Raise the piece of the roll and look at the quality of the roots. They should be as tightly intertwined. The smaller gaps between them, the better.
Do not buy lawn offhand. If its not enough, then you have to buy. Technology of calculations is as follows: measure parameters of the future of the site and peremezhaya them. For example, length 6 m, width 5 m. Multiply 6×5. Get 30 sq. m. Is the area of your future lawn. If the ground is smooth, without twists and flower beds, for an accurate count of the rolls add 5% of the area. Ie 30 + 1.5 m = 31,5 sq. m. If future lawn designed with curves, paths and other curvature geometry, the square jumped 10%, because the number of waste will increase. I.e. 30 + 3 = 33 sq m.
Knowing square, we count how many have to buy bays of grass. The area of one roll: 0,4×2=0,8 sq. m. Means metre square your site will go to 1.25 of the Bay. Accordingly: 2 square = 2.5 Bay. 10 squares will have 12.5 bays etc.
If you plan to lay turf on a plot with curves, paths or borders, then the area of the future lawn add 10% for waste
Before you buy grass rolls, you must prepare for a future Playground. Because the technology of laying turf is that it trail the same day when purchased or during the day. The farther you pull the term, the less accustomed the root system. Besides, you have to pave the entire lawn with your hands at a time. Only in this case the grass to take root uniformly, and the coating will turn out perfectly smooth.
Consider what scope of work you will have to fulfill in advance of a trip to the store. Land preparation is a very important step, it will determine the quality of survival of the grass. The more you work the land, the faster you will be able to use the lawn. It includes:
Clearing and digging. Preparation starts with clearing the soil of all kinds of garbage. When digging be sure to remove all roots of perennial weeds. They are so powerful survival rate, which is the same dandelion or wheat grass will penetrate the grass and pull the Mature plant from the root will be very difficult.
The creation of drainage system. The lawn does not like wet soils, so the low-lying areas and soils with a high clay content equip drainage. It is made in the following way:
- Cut fertile soil to a depth of 40 cm and taken in a wheelbarrow, emptying somewhere nearby (it is still useful!).
- Ready to pit poured gravel-sand cushion: 10 cm of gravel, followed by 10 cm of sand (sand can be replaced with geotextile).
- All rams.
- Bring back cut ground and spread level with a total height of the entire plot.
- Very easy to navigate through the tense twine. At the corners of the platform to drive pegs and pull on a rope of just the right height of the soil. In the bedding you will see in what places it is necessary to raise the soil and to remove excess.
- On the ground spread fertiliser for lawns and lightly rake it.
- The finished pad must be firmly compacted. It is possible to make a homemade roller or wide Board with a smooth surface. Check the quality of seal, stepped on the lawn. If the ground is not trampled under the feet, then compacted well.
When the ground is ready – with a clear conscience eat to the store and purchase the grass. It is best to plant a lawn in spring or autumn, when the ground has enough moisture, and there is no heat.
Consider how laid turf:
- Begin to lay the rolls with the portion of the pad where you put them. This will avoid frequent transfers, under which crumbles the soil and destroy the roots.
- Put the coil exactly on the corner of the court and spins in a straight line. The first coil turns extreme and it is important to stack as evenly as possible. To bend, to twist, to wrap the grass is impossible. If the way the coil hits the corner of the beds, then roll through it and remove excess grass by cutting with a knife.
- The principle of putting some adjacent rows similar to the brickwork: it is not possible to have the rows match the joints. Ie try to keep the joints of the second series occurred in the mid coils of the first row. This will allow the grass to settle down more evenly.
- In the device of turf no overlap. The rows would be adjacent to each other, like vinyl Wallpaper, – denser. Unacceptable discrepancies greater than 1.5 cm.
- The weaknesses of the lawn in the survival rate of the region. Try not to lay the pieces. Trimming less than a meter, use the middle of the area, and the corner lay the strips over a meter.
- After laying the first row, crush it with the Board. Definitely iron hand grass to see if there is under her pits or mounds. If you feel the bumps – get a piece of the herbs and pour the ground (or remove the excess). After checking Drambuie again.
- When the first row is lined and firmed – put on his boardwalk, and laying the following rows are produced by standing on it. So you can optionally compress the grass and avoid pushing her legs.
Laying sod resembles the technology of masonry: the joints in adjacent rows shall not coincide with the joints of the previous
All the rolls are rolled in a straight line, without bends and curvatures. And if the path meets a track, the unnecessary part of the engravings of the lawn with a knife
Do not put coils overlap, otherwise the roughness produced. Their trail tight butt like Wallpaper, with a gap of less than 1.5 cm
Upon detection of irregularities in the edge of the lawn, gently lift and slip under it a little bit of land or, conversely, removes excess
When laying the first row is finished, lay the second, standing on a wooden Board or a chalkboard, not to spoil the feet fresh grass
After the lawn is rolled Packed, you have to grow up. To do this, the grass watered for two weeks. Try to keep the soil had time to dry. It is best to use automatic watering system with small sprinklers. In addition, during the month do not walk on lawn. In extreme cases use to move the Board or deck, but immediately remove it. Fresh grass and soil are easily pressed under the weight of feet, and your lawn can happen with dents.
Constant watering of turf within two weeks — a prerequisite for a good survival rate, especially if the weather is warm
In a month you will be able to walk on the beautiful green lawn, but the work does not end there. Well below the grass survived the winter, it is necessary to take care of it in the following way:
- To ensure that did not germinate weeds.
- To hold the first haircut in 4 weeks, trying to cut only the tops.
- The following haircuts are carried out as required, choosing a more convenient height. But the mowing be sure to rake and removed.
- Before wintering the last lawn cutting is carried out so that the grass has time to build about 4 cm and they went under the snow.
- Watering as they dry. In the absence of precipitation once in 10-12 days.
- In the winter the lawn is completely clear from the assailant debris, raking leaves.
If given the lawn enough attention, then spring the grass will make you happy and rich uniform coating.