Luxury beds, original rockeries, beautiful ponds, arbours never looked this good, if not bring all of these decorative finds the background – smooth, thick, silky lawn. By itself, without additional solutions, it becomes an excellent decoration for a suburban area. Here only it is necessary to provide lawn care services. Offer you to understand what treatments exist and how to do them.
Beautiful, well-kept front lawn or backyard is an essential part of landscape design as a flower bed or garden
To care for the carpet of lush green grass needs at any time of the year. Even during the winter one should be mindful of the lawn, hidden under the snow: it is advisable not to walk on it, not to make a skating rink and not to clutter the snow while cleaning the tracks. Only regular comprehensive approach can turn a wild Chia pet in the noble, soft, beautiful lawn. Thus, we consider a number of mandatory events on the green lawn in front of the house.
To free the lawn from the accumulated for a long time of debris to remove matted felted layer from the soil surface, apply combing the lawn. The presence felt is a great opportunity for the development of pathogenic microorganisms and insect pests.
A simple and effective tool for combing – fan rake medium hardness. Garbage and felt raked into piles, and then carried or taken on the garden car. The combing procedure is repeated in longitudinal and transverse processing of the lawn, so this type of work is considered time-consuming.
Fan rake, unlike usual, allow more carefully, at the same time carefully, not damaging the shoots, to collect garbage
To perform the aeration, enough to make punctures in the layer of sod so that air can freely reach the roots. Ventilation of the underground part of the plant feeds the roots with oxygen, does not stagnate water and air. Reasonable circulation of air masses prevents the appearance of fungal diseases and rot.
Combining the process of aeration of the lawn with a useful walk in the fresh air will help original fit, put on shoes, — sandals-aerators
Lawn aeration is usually carried out in autumn or spring, but in any case not during the summer when the temperature is too high can cause drought. Before the process of puncturing the turf should be two days in a row watering the lawn. The depth of puncture from 8 to 10 cm.
The most common aerators running on the gasoline engine or from the network. Average power — 1400-1600 W, width — 30-40 cm
The traditional tool for aeration are common forks. If the lawn is small in size, they would be sufficient. When the site is covered with grass, takes up space, requires a special device – aerator. There are several types of aerators with different characteristics and purpose. For example, the number of aerators used for the parallel formation of the root system.
We must distinguish between the pricking and stabbing during aeration. Perforation — a deeper process: assume that the forks penetrate to a depth of 8-10 cm
Along with aeration produce scarification cut off unnecessary shoots and extra stems, a machine equipped with a knife mechanism. A good time for this event – the end of spring and beginning of autumn. Immediately after articulatii make a season appropriate fertilizer.
Regular trimming, brushing and cleaning natural debris from grass carpet lead to the fact that the soil becomes poor, and grass is frail and faded. To compensate the lost from the soil will aid in artificial fertilization. Experts recommend to fertilize every six weeks, and fall groups differ from the spring.
Fertilizer for spring fertilizing enriched in nitrogen, which plants need for amicable shoots and growth of leaf plates. The correct development of the roots and strength of the shoots give potassium and phosphorus. Autumn feeding has low nitrogen content, as this time of year grass growth is suspended; potassium, on the contrary, predominates.
For fertilizing lawns should purchase a special fertilizer. The best option is a versatile, prepacked in packages of 3 kg. the Price of one package is about 120 rubles
The use of a spreader facilitates the process of feeding. This model distributes the substance on both sides, the main thing — do not exceed the concentration of the mixture
Fertilizers are applied in different ways:
- through the irrigation system (or watering), after making the enriched solution;
- using the drill – automatic spreader;
- manually, evenly distributed over the entire area of the lawn.
It shows clearly how the application and removal of fertilizers, which do not stay long in the soil. That is why the introduction of nutrients into the soil should be regular
September and October are suitable months for mulching. It is to increase the fertile layer you add is useful to the plant mixture. Usually the organic material consists of three components: peat, loam and sand. The ratio depends on soil type:
- Sandy – 2:4:1.
- Clay – 1:2:4.
- Loam – 1:4:2.
For mulching are nutrient mixture, one part of which is peat. Especially useful for improving soil structure of low-lying type of peat
Regular mulching enriches turf with nutrients, regulates the air-water regime, makes the surface smooth carpet of grass.
The main purpose of cutting the lawn – making it aesthetically appealing, even flawless look. Cutting the grass takes place throughout the growth cycle of the grass, that is, from spring to autumn.
To cut the grass with the lawn mower is not just a process of taking care of a lawn, but a way of life. This action is used in the same way as for morning jogs or walks with the dog
A few rules will help to make the process most effective:
- Frequent and too short pruning threatens the weakening of the shoots as they begin to experience a shortage of nutrients and moisture.
- Before cutting the grass right (e.g., a rake), and after the haircut immediately clean, so as not to violate the process of aeration.
- Wet grass is not recommended to cut grass sticks to the lawnmower parts. It is better to choose a dry, Sunny day. It is especially dangerous to use on a rainy day, electrical equipment.
- Read the instructions that came with the mower, it will tell you how to mow the grass and clean the apparatus.
- A haircut is produced in different directions so that the turf was uniform.
An exemplary diagram of the movement of the lawn mower. Alternately moving in different directions, it is necessary to try to cover the entire area of the lawn, or do not get a flat surface
Do not have to water the lawn daily, just 2-3 times a week. Let the watering will be rare, but abundant. The best time is early morning or late afternoon, until the sun stood in the Zenith. For this reason, it is appropriate to not apply manual watering from a hose, and an automatic sprinkler system that is programmed to be active for a certain time.
Automatic irrigation of the lawn has two big advantages: comes at the right time and frees owners from the extra work
During watering, the soil should be moistened to 15-20 cm in depth. 1 m? accounts for from 15 to 30 liters of water. The process will be more effective if pre-made aeration and brushing.
Well maintained, tightly trimmed, dense lawn is the pride of the owners of the house and a great addition to design solutions that adorn the local area
As you can see, a beautiful decorative appearance of the lawn is achieved by hard work and regular attention, but the result is happy owners all summer long.