A characteristic feature of the landscape design last time – the design of mixed borders. It is a mixed flower garden, as a rule, oblong in shape, filled with different species of plants. When picking the most commonly used perennials, sometimes supplemented with annuals. Depending on the area and climatic conditions elegant in the landscape design look mixborders with the use of trees, shrubs and climbing plants.
It is worth noting that care mixborders is a complex process that requires specific knowledge in the field of phyto. However, planting of plants with different flowering period, differing in height, leaf sizes, provides picturesque landscape design throughout the warm period.
Selection and planting of plants is preceded by the choice of a place in landscape design for placement of mixborders. Optimal conditions for the favourable development of perennials – space with moderate lighting, where sufficient quantities are present the rays of the sun, shifting shade. Most commonly in landscaping the mixed borders found in the following places:
- at the edge of the terrace;
- on a slight slope;
- along the facade of the house;
- at the perimeter of the site as a natural fence.
The length of the flower garden is limited only to the size of the site. To achieve harmony in landscape design depending on the location of mixborders will help the following plants:
- Composition of conifer-Ericaceae perennials will successfully fit along the facade of the house or as a hedge, on a small hill or terrace framing.
- The English version of the flower, composed of wild perennials and garden plants, it is best to break parallel pathways to the home, on the background lawn. Successful transition in the landscape design area it will provide when planting along the fence.
- Large free area allows you to equip a combined mixborders with the use of coniferous trees and shrubs. It is preferable to choose a site with a varying degree of illumination rays of the sun.
- Near the apartment building looks organically complex of flowering ornamental shrubs.
- Formed a garden appropriate to add flowers and shrubs prefer a shady area.
The area in which landscaping has not been completed, it is preferable to arrange seasonal plants as planting perennials is not rational. Regardless of location, the basic principle of the organization of mixborders – planting plants in tiers. Landscape design offers two types of mixborders – viewed on the one hand, or comprehensive review.
In the first embodiment, the foreground is green, not reaching 40 cm in height, the middle lane is filled with flora up to 60 cm, in the background adorn the flowers, shrubs or trees, growing up to 1 m and more. In the second case taller flora is centrally located in mixborders, giving way gradually to the edge of the stunted plants. Ready scheme of mixed borders shown in the photo below.
Flower seeds and seedlings acquire after drawing up a detailed plan for the landing. When designing a flower garden be sure to take into account:
- the composition of the soil;
- humidity indicators;
- the light level;
- protection from the wind.
Type of root system plays an important role in the formation of a blossoming island in landscape design. It is totally unacceptable for flowers or shrubs with creeping rhizomes form or fast growing roots in the horizontal plane. The resulting competition can kill other species, violating the harmony of the mosaic flowerbeds. A group of plants planted in mixborders, have similar requirements on the provision of moisture, indicators of soil and levels of light sunlight. This will greatly facilitate the care of the flower garden and maintain its aesthetic appearance. Another condition harmonious landscape design – do not close the main survey sites to plant high greens, distance to the Central point of mixborders should exceed its highest point.
The following rule of the selection of vegetation for mixborders of perennials – the continuity of flowering. It is important that the periods were changed gradually and the area was kept attractive in the landscape throughout the warm season. To achieve constant availability of bright colors in the flowerbed will help annuals with a long flowering period. The mixborders of the perennials listed below:
A good addition for garden flowers are plants with decorative foliage. Among them especially popular are ferns, and plant hosts. Abundant foliage makes the flower bed the pomp and more expressive, which is especially valuable for landscaping in the transition period between blooms of different species.
Preference is given to colors that do not require annual digging. At different levels use Crocus, Botanical tulips and Imperial grouse. For repelling pests useful tansy, marigolds, nasturtium and thyme. If mixborders not managed to get a finished look from overgrown plants to achieve an aesthetic of landscape design will help temporarily exhibited potted flowers.
One of the conditions for organic landscape design is competent selection of colors. The color composition should not cause irritation and sense of dissonance. To chaotic colour combination did not spoil the appearance of mixborders, its content must be carefully addressed. Landscaping provides several colors for exquisite design flower beds:
The easiest way to create a composition using one or two colors. If desired, decorate landscape design more rich mixborders, use the color wheel.
In a contrasting embodiment, mixborders winner looks a combination of red and green, purple and yellow. When picking a contrasting flowerbeds avoid small-flowered plants of contrasting colors. Its size should not be large. Much more impressive in landscape design looks compact bright mixborders, placed in the front entrance area or suburban area. One of the many options of mixborders is shown in figure:
The followers of a peaceful landscape design will appeal to a monochrome composition. Widespread flower with shades of pink, purple or light yellow.
The landscape design specialists offer a variety of combination options mixborders:
- the combination of garden and wild flowers (poppies, bells, iwanicki, daisies, cornflowers);
- perennials are complemented by coniferous bushes or dwarf trees;
- from shrubs and dwarf shrubs create an imitation of natural greenery.
Depending on the ultimate goals of landscape design, palette flower beds can contain the following combinations:
- Spring freshness emanates from the blue and white shades. Delphiniums, bluebells, chamomile is the most suitable participants in mixborders.
- To generate a romantic atmosphere will help soft pink, lilac and red shades. A small lilac Bush, roses, irises and Phlox gracefully decorate landscape design.
- Fiery passion reflect red and bright yellow shades. Asters and gerberas also give a burning feeling.
When planning a landscape design mixborders should avoid overly dense plantings, this will provoke the oppression of some other plants, followed by death. The easiest option is to make a draft on paper. Each perennial mind should be given sufficient space for development, the void will help to fill in the annuals, combined with the color and size. Large plants take at least 1 sq mixborders, for medium flora in landscape design is given not less than 60 cm sq Optimally to give the flower bed smooth and soft contours, also landscape design welcomes pronounced irregular shapes mixborders. On the same principle and are spaces without clear boundaries, with smooth transitions in height.
A distinctive feature of the landscape design with the use of coniferous trees and shrubs is the presence of large stones. Their chaotic arrangement gives the composition a natural look. To achieve a steady among coniferous plantations help repeating elements, each of which must meet 3-5 times. Bilateral mixborders sufficient width, equipped with narrow paths paved with tiles or flat stones, arranged in a circle from the center of the composition. Design coniferous mixborders is diluted Heather perennials.
After studying the layout and viewing photos, you can choose the most suitable option of landscape design for registration of the site.