The unification of the various landscape objects allows for efficient use of every square meter, suburban area, while maintaining their aesthetic appeal. For example, successfully arranging a small garden of fruit trees and comfortable pedestrian path, we will get a new fresh solution – device shady alleys. At the cottage garden walkway can be anything: area for walking, children’s games, friendly get-togethers and tea parties, and even the place of afternoon rest in the hammock or a comfortable chair.
The arrangement of any suburban area involves the planting of trees – fruit and ornamental trees, shrubs, flower beds. Arranging complex Alpine gardens, rockeries and columbarium, we often forget about the more simple solutions to landscape design, such as comfortable, cozy, as well as reduced maintenance of the alley.
Design of the suburban area involves the identification of all significant facilities, including garden paths. As you can see, the walkways connect the house with bath and a veranda, and one of them leads to the exit. Any of the marked paths can be turned into a alley, choosing the appropriate style trees or shrubs
The easiest way to plan the alley at the design stage of garden. However, if the project is already realized, while free space is almost gone, use fallback: turn into the alley one of garden paths.
Thus, we kill two birds with one stone: competently organize the planting of required plants and save important to give the pedestrian or vehicle communication.
The question often arises: how to define green planting plans or schemes? There are several ways using pictures or symbols. For example, in the diagram all plants are labeled with green circles with varying shades
To represent the project visually, you can draw a few sketches or draw a simple diagram.
Still at the design stage should determine the type of plant. Given that suburban areas have different sizes, topography, the style, consider the features of the alleys, which differ in length and design.
An important role has the appointment of all country objects, therefore, on the basis of functional features, there are two types of alleys: major and minor; the second, in turn, are divided into approach and a pleasure. The main alleys are characteristic of the Palace and Park landscape, so consider them in the framework of the country subject is inappropriate, but for driveways and pedestrian options are good for areas of any size, even the most petite 6 acres.
Suppose a small fruit garden, made even from 10 apples or cherries, can be arranged in the form of short quiet alley from the gate to the house or from the house to the gazebo. Simple pergolas are even simpler – they can be placed on any area of the garden path.
Fruit trees in large suburban gardens are planted, usually in straight rows. If the garden is already an adult, you can use a single number (e.g. Central) to create a beautiful blooming alley – enough to pave comfortable for walking track
Complex structural combinations are more suitable for spacious areas, giving the same optimal solution is a simple walkway, consisting of two rows of plants on either side of the track. Width depends on purpose of use: driveway for transport should be 2 times wider than with pleasure, which is enough for 1,5-2 metres.
Procedure for planting trees on the edges of the track may also be different. There are two types of location of plants: symmetric and chess. The degree of illumination and the visibility of the surrounding landscape depends on the intervals of planting. For example, the Russian estate landscape characteristic dense planting of trees and shrubs, forming a natural green fence on the edges of the track.
Widely spaced trees are not suitable for a limited area, whereas on a spacious plot they will look appropriate, not closing the surrounding landscape.
If the size of the site and gate are the opposite from home side, you can create an extended Park Avenue in free style
If you allow the width of the pedestrian (road zone), you should think about a two – or three-tiered arrangement of plants. For external use the number of large trees, medium – statured trees and lush shrubs, for indoor, low shrubs, dense herbs, or flowers.
Choosing one or the other type of alleys in the country, observe the stylistic nuances. For example, for landscape in Russian village style suitable spreading birch, pine pine, thickets of wild rose or berry bushes – raspberries, currants, gooseberries. For regular garden good slender geometric shape – the pyramidal cypress, larch, poplar.
The same principle applies to the shape of the alley. It doesn’t have to be a straight line that connects as a string, with two cottages of the object. There are curved, winding, zigzag, curved streets, and also around the circumference or perimeter of the suburban area.
Brand holiday option suitable for a site of any size – bunk alley of sparsely planted, decorative trimmed poplars and lush flower beds
Special art requires the creation of shady alleys gated: trees with dense foliage should be planted at intervals of not more than 3-4 meters, and for the lower layer use dense thickets.
Sometimes to create a darkened area required the construction of the frames, and the result is a magnificent arched bears or pergolas with flat ceilings. For the North they are less common, and in the southern region are saving Islands in the extreme heat. For the scenic design of arched and rectangular slabs perfect grapes, clematis, celastrus honeysuckle or fragrant climbing roses.
Such a kind of mini-alley can be created using trees instead of several arches and landed magnificently flowering basket plant: Petunia, begonia, Lobelia, viola, diascia, climbing roses
Suppose that our favorite, but too «goal» the dacha is not enough green space. You can plant trees around the perimeter, like most conservative gardeners, but we will be smart and do the original – turn a boring, well-trodden track in a natural way in a beautiful and functional alley. Its functionality is that the plant will not be a simple poplar and birch, and useful fruit plants – Apple, pear and plum.
The main thing in any planned action – the right start, and in our case – preparation of the project. To throw a alley in any ill-considered place is not worth it, because in a few years the trees will grow and will create a lot of problems: closed Sunny areas with flower beds, disrupt the roots of the waterproofing of a pond or divide the territory into uncomfortable zones. You must choose a place comfortable for the plants and for owners of countryside.
Producing preliminary calculations, study the nuances of the planting and growth of trees. Their individual characteristics depend on the depth of the fossa, the optimal spacing of planting, the average height – and as a result, the appearance of the future alley
You may have to device avenues will approach the path leading to the garden or bath – nice walk in the shade after working in the garden or hot steam. One of the winning choices – the path to the gate. Guests who visited the cottage will be pleasantly surprised with an unusual organization of the original garden.
When choosing fruit or ornamental plants, do not forget to include in the project and the material for arrangement of garden paths, especially if it is used daily
Making a project by choosing plants and materials, you can proceed with the land works. They will consist of two parts: the construction of paths and planting. But you must first make a layout to and landing, and the pedestrian zone occupied the designated space and look harmonious. Place holes for seedlings can be described by the pegs, and the boundaries of the canvas walkway construction cord.
Park the right choice for a spacious suburban area. The edges of the alley planted with birch trees is quite high and spreading trees, mostly bearing the aesthetic burden. Expect to find a similar picture you will see only after 10 years when the trees grow
At this point, you can drive the required materials such as tiles, bricks, paving stones for walkway. Perhaps it would just be sandy or pebbly, but in this case it is necessary to consider such nuances as a drain for rain water or a low border.
To the alley it was nice to walk in any weather, you need to take care about the comfortable smooth cloth, which is kept relative dry even in rainy weather.
Ideally a paved surface – the most expensive and time-consuming, but surprisingly durable and aesthetically perfect. Its design will fit setts, bricks, paving tiles, handmade concrete blocks, natural stone. Items of different colors can create beautiful geometric patterns and designs that will create an interesting mix of blooming herbs.
Make sure that the material of the tracks combined with the surrounding objects and not distracting from the style. Suppose, gray and red pavers, and in perfect harmony with green spaces, and a wrought-iron fence on brick pillars
The tree needs to use extreme caution, as the catwalk is not entirely appropriate for alleys, also in the rain they get soaked and get slippery. If you like deck-wood, note on the garden parquet — decking, designed specifically for country outdoor application.
Natural and relaxed look of an unmade track from sand, pebbles or gravel, besides their cost is minimal.
An unusual variant of the descent, lined with wooden steps. It is possible to beat, planted on two sides of the same greenery – dense shrub or tall, slender trees to make a shady alley leading down
Trees can be planted before the construction of the track, and after him, focusing on the more successful, the recommended period of planting. If you chose saplings of fruit trees, with particular attention to their purchase: they must be healthy and equally developed. Select a variety that is evolving in your region and the type of rootstock that affect drought tolerance.
Fruit plants for avenues planted in the same manner that the normal garden planting. The main thing – to observe the size of holes and spacing, affect the light transmission of the trees
Apple, plum and pear can be planted in the spring and autumn, and sweet cherries, peach and apricot take root much better during early spring planting. All berry bushes perfectly transfer the spring planting, in the fall they can freeze. Many ornamental plants, such as Lombardy poplar, planted in one of the growing seasons, i.e. in autumn or spring.
Planting fruit trees, remember that they require more attention than the maples, birch and spruce, for which regular care is not necessary
Depending on tree species and growth conditions dig holes in symmetrical or staggered, plant seedlings, do not forget to fertilize them, and wait patiently when they will go to growth. Regrown branches can be trimmed, shaping slim figure, balls or spreading crown.
A Suite of pergolas, twined with hops, roses or grapes looks just magical and is a kind of a shadowy alley, perfect for small suburban areas. By setting the edge of a comfortable bench, you still get and a great place to stay.
The size and shape of the pergola can be different, however, calculate the height of the building so that the inside of it without bending, he could easily pass people
From bars collect a couple of buildings resembling a horizontal bar installed along the track opposite each other. First pour in the pillars, then use the metal parts mounted in the top rail. The top can be arranged in different ways: in the form of shallow slopes or just perpendicular to the panel.
The sides of the pergola we decorate bars, assembled from thin strips. At the base of pillars mounted flower pots with climbing crops.
About 2-3 years the perennials will grow, will cover with green leaves and flowers the entire surface of the pergola, creating a comfortable, shady area.
Lightweight lattice structure with climbing flowers not «load» the plot, in contrast to the more ponderous oak alleys or dense green fences, so they are good for tiny areas
Trees, bushes and flowering of the culture selected on the basis of climatic conditions, soil acidity, degree of illumination, topography, etc. for Example, in the Northern latitudes well survive birches, maples, oaks, pines, spruce, wild cherry, hawthorn – hardy trees, not afraid of the harsh climate. In the middle lane can be safely planted Apple, pear, plum, cherry, which will decorate country landscape with spring color and the autumn will bring a wonderful harvest.
Looks shady Linden alley, but it is more suitable for the vast countryside. At the lindens should pay attention cottagers-beekeepers, as Linden honey is considered one of the most useful
In the southern regions grow any fruit trees, shrubs and virtually all types of flowering plants so you can create a beautiful tiered protonotary alley – just one that will suit Thrifty gardeners.
If you allow the area, feel free to experiment with exotic decorative plants and flowers that usually decorate the flower beds or camouflage the fence.
Boxwood, which is often used for the construction of hedges or shaped icons, can form a beautiful alley in the classic English style
Try to land low Daurian juniper, warty birch with graceful hanging branches or beautiful blooming prickly hawthorn. Unusual looks zelenogorye maple with striped bark and tree-survivor thuja. Ordinary ash can brighten up your walkway at any season: in spring and white in summer, dense green foliage, in autumn – bonfire orange-red leaves in winter – a scattering of scarlet berries.
With the help of the alley can be advantageous to modify a suburban area, divide it into zones, or simply to Refine, so don’t refuse this simple and useful landscape element.