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Phased master class on the construction of the gazebo: in a simple but tasteful

Phased master class on the construction of the gazebo: in a simple but tasteful

Last summer I planned a little landscapingcountry cottage area. Slightly reduced the allotments under the vegetable beds, but has allocated additional meters at the recreation area. Free up enough space on a small flower garden, a couple of bushes, inflatable pool. But for a good rest it was not enough. Need a gazebo. Its construction and I decided to do while on vacation.

Originally, I planned to do something verysimple, by type canopy on four pillars. But then, after consultation with the familiar builders, I realized that it was realistic to build a more complex structure. Also on poles, but the walls and full roof.

I had to sit down at the drawings, sketch project. On paper, we obtain the following: a wooden gazebo 3x4 meters on the pier foundation with gable roof covered with slate. The project was approved by the family council, after which I rolled up my sleeves and set to work. All stages of the work carried out alone, although I must confess that the assistant would not hurt at some point. Bring, tax, cut, hold the work ... Together it would be easier. But, nevertheless, I managed and independently.

I will try to describe in detail the stages of construction, as the fines in this case turned out to be very important.


Step 1: Construction of the foundation

According to the plan, garden furniture should be light in weight, built of planks and beams, so the most optimal foundation for her - columnar. With him I began my construction.

I took this a suitable site near the fence to the size of 3x4 m pergola placed in the corners of the pegs (4 pcs.) -. Here will be the foundation pillars.

Marking the corners of the future gazebos

Marking the corners of the future gazebos

He took a shovel and dug a couple of hours 4 square holes at 70 cm in depth. The soil on my site is sandy, much does not freeze, so this is quite enough.

Groove under the foundation pillars

Groove under the foundation pillars

In the center of each recess, I put onreinforcing rod, 12 mm in diameter, 1 m in length. It will be the corners of the gazebo, so they need to establish clearly on the level. I had to fathom the diagonal length of the perimeter and vertical armaturinami.

Marking thread diagonals and base perimeter gazebo

Marking thread diagonals and base perimeter gazebo

After dismantling the old buildings on the site, I was left a heap of broken bricks. His I slipped to the bottom of the recesses, and the top filled with liquid concrete. It turned out a concrete base under the columns.

Cushion of broken bricks

Cushion of broken bricks under the concrete base will contribute to the even distribution of pressure between the foundation and the ground

The concrete base under the brick columns

The concrete base under the brick columns

Two days later, the concrete stood at the base obtained, I built a brick column 4 by level.

Ready 4 column in the corners, but all the same distancebetween them to get too big -. 3 m and 4 m between them why I installed another 5 same columns, but without reinforcement in the center. In total, the supports for pergola turned 9 pcs.

Each support I plastered solution and then - missed mastic. For waterproofing on top of each column 2 paved layer of roofing material.

Pier foundation under the gazebo

Brick columns support, will serve as a solid foundation for the gazebo base

Step 2. Make a floor arbor

I started with the sill, her, in fact, bekept the entire frame. Acquired timber 100x100 mm, sliced ​​his size. To be able to vpoldereva connections at the ends of the boards I made gashes with saws and chisels. After that, the assembled sill by type designer, stringing timber to the valve at the corners. Holes for fittings pre-drilled with a drill (a drill used for wood 12 mm in diameter).

Assembling the bars in the design of the sill

Assembling the bars in the design of the sill

The bars were placed on the foundation columns - 4 pcs. along the perimeter of the gazebo and 1 pc. in the center, along the long side. At the end of the process, the wood was processed ognebiozaschitoy.

Bottom rail, laid on the foundation pillars

Bottom rail, laid on the pillars of the foundation will be to crate plank floor

It's time to cover the floor. I in the economy since ancient times gathered dust oak boards just the right size - 150h40h3000 mm, their I decided to use. Since they were not very smooth and a little crumpled, I had to drive them through Raymus. The tool was in the presence of my neighbor, was a sin not to take advantage. After the alignment process, the board proved to be quite decent. Although the chip was formed as much as 5 bags!

I nailed boards to bars nails trim. The result was a smooth wooden floor of oak.

Paul arbor, recruited from oak boards

Paul arbor, recruited from oak boards

Step 3: Arrangement of walls

From the available timber 100x100 mm I cut 4 racks2 m. They are installed in the corners of the arbor. With the ends of the racks I drilled holes and put them on armaturiny. Vertical, they are not particularly kept and strove to move at the wrong time. So I gave them the struts, especially clipped to the case in the miter box. Struts nailed to the floor planks and uprights. Only after that the rack is not sloped away and not swayed by the wind.

Racks in the corners of the future gazebos

Racks in the corners of the future gazebos

When the corner posts were installed, I secured a further 6 intermediate posts. Also he gave them the struts.

Then - cut timber 4 and, by analogy with the bottom plate, secured on the upper end of the upper harness racks. The compound timber as vpoldereva performed.

I came the turn of the horizontal railing. They will form the walls of pavilions, without which the whole structure will look like an ordinary shed. Railings I cut from a bar 100x100, while the rear wall has decided to save a little and took a board 100x70 mm. Exclusively for lathing a lightweight version amiss.

Frame gazebo with columns, railings and trim

Frame gazebo with columns, railings and trim

To install the rails, I did tie-inracks, installed in them horizontal crossbar and hammered nails. Since it is assumed that the rail will recline, to leave such a connection can not be. We need additional details of bonding, for rigidity. In this capacity, I have used an additional jib, which knocked out the bottom railing. At the rear of the jib is not set, it decided to seal the bottom of the railing corners.

After all done, I began appearancewooden pergola elements. To begin with - all sanded wood with the help of grinders. Another tool in my presence was not. So I took grinders, put on her grinding wheel and set to work. While all cleared out, I was the whole day. He worked in a respirator and glasses, because the dust was formed very much. At first, she soared up into the air and then settled where she pleases. The whole structure was covered with it. I had to take a rag and brush and clean all the dusty surface.

When the dust was gone, I was covered with lacquer tree in 2 layers. I used for this varnish-stain "Rolaks" color "chestnut." Construction gleamed and acquired noble shade.

Frame gazebo painted lacquer-stained in 2 layers

Frame gazebo painted lacquer-stained in 2 layers

Step 4: rafter framing

It's time to lay the groundwork for future roof,in other words - to put the system truss. Roof - plain gable, consisting of 4 triangular roof trusses. The height of the ridge to the strapping - 1m. After the calculation it turned out that it is this height looks at the gazebo in proportion.

For trusses used boards 100x50 mm. Every farm I made two boards, rafters, connected by a coupler. On top, on both sides, - the lining of the OSB, hammered nails on the perimeter. According to the plan, rafters rest on top of the harness, so at their ends I did tie - size suitable for strapping timber. With knockouts had to tinker a bit, but nothing 2 hours and coped with it.

Trusses for the roof gazebo

Trusses assembled from planks and fastened on top of the OSB plates

Farms I installed every meter. First exhibited by maintaining vertical, then - fixed the screws. It turned out that most cope with the rafters is not so easy. Then I wished I had not taken one assistant. Tormented for an hour, I still put them, but I advise all those who will follow in my footsteps, yet ask someone to help at this stage. Otherwise, you may get skewed, then certainly have to redo everything that you obviously do not add enthusiasm to work.

Since the roof of the gazebo would be subjectedpower load, ridge beams, I decided not to, and the seal between the rafters a crate from the board 50h20 mm. Boards have 5 pieces to both ramp. And 2 of them I filled on both sides of the ridge at a distance of 2 cm from the tops of the roof trusses. In total, for every crate ramp it was made up of 2 outer planks (one "holds" the horse, the second - forming stem ramp) and 3 intermediate. The design turned out strong enough to shatter it has not come out.

Crate in the rafters of the roof

Crate connects the roof trusses, and will serve as a basis for fixing slate

In the next step, I opened the roof trusses and floor with two layers of varnish-stain.

Step 5: Lining of walls and roofs

Next - I began to pine paneling sidewallsclapboard. First stuffed under the railing around the perimeter bars 20x20 mm, and to them have small nails nailed battens. The back wall is completely blocked and the side and front - only the bottom, to the railing. At the end of the process, colored linings varnish-stain.

Unfinished remained only a roof. I covered her slate painted with 5 waves, color - "Chocolate". On the whole roof has gone 9 sheets of slate on top - Ridge element and brown (4 m).

Skinning of walls gazebos pine clapboard

Skinning of walls pine paneling protects the interior of the gazebo from the wind and sun

Color slate roof gazebo

Color slate looks no worse than modern roofing materials, and durability - far superior to their

Later I plan to make the removable windowopenings for the protection of spaces gazebo in winter. Knocked together the frame, they'll put some light material (polycarbonate or polyethylene - have not decided yet), and then will install them in the openings and remove as needed. Maybe something similar to do with doors.

And yet, perhaps, everything. I think that this option will appeal to those who want to build an arbor quickly, easily and inexpensively.

Gregory S.

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