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Construction of the canopy, Attached Garage: implementation of the project with their own hands

Construction of the canopy, Attached Garage: implementation of the project with their own hands

A year after the construction of the house, I wanted toattach it to the front wall of the canopy. To it was functional, but at the same time very simple in design. What is required of the canopy? Most importantly - due to his wish to obtain additional space for a summer holiday, protected from sunlight and rain. For get-togethers in the air, so that you can and have lunch in the courtyard, and relax in a deckchair. The project was to be shed some replacement outdoor gazebo, but with a simpler structure. To during construction has been spent at least material resources and physical effort.

For 2 weeks conceived plan was implemented. On the basis of practical skills and knowledge, I would like to bring to your attention the report on the construction of a simple classic canopy, and attached to the house.

Content


What are we going to build?

The design was chosen for the standardcanopy type. It's just a roof truss system supports. overhang dimensions in plan - 1,8h6 m, height up to the roof - 2.4 m. On the one hand as a support member used metal poles (4 units along the front.), on the other - the board, bolted to the wall of the house. roof coating - Ondura sheets (analogue Ondulina with large size sheets). Between the pillars it is planned to install lattice trellises for grapes to be able to sit in the shade under a canopy, enjoying the nature and fresh air, even in the midday heat.

Let's start the story of how this idea was implemented. Hopefully, I can describe the whole process is available.

Step # 1 - installation of metal poles

I started with the installation of metal poles, thevertical struts have a canopy, which will hold the roof truss system. There are only 4 things, they go along the front, at a distance of 1.8 m from the wall. The plan overhang length of 6 m (the entire length of the facade of the house), so move rack - 1.8 m (based offsets roof on both sides of racks).

4 steel pipes 60h60h3 mm square cross-section of 3.9 m long were bought for the racks. The ground they buried 1.5 meters (below the freezing level), will remain on top of 2.4 m. This will be the height of the canopy.

First I outlined the pillars pegs space installation - strictly at a distance of 1.8 m from the wall. All measurements, calculated horizontally. Then he took a drill with paddle 150 mm and drilled 4 pit depth of 1.5 m.

Pits drilled drill

Pits drilled drill

According to the scheduled program, a stand will bepoured concrete pile foundation. This is done as follows: each column is set to pit, which is filled with concrete. Obtained reinforced piles that hold the rack.

Pouring concrete directly into the drilled holeundesirable. It is necessary to make insulation, which also performs the function of formwork. To this end, I decided to use ruberoidnyj sleeves - rolled into a cylinder cuts of roofing material. The length of the sleeves should be such that the concrete piles project above ground level 10 cm for pit depth 1.5 m, the bottom of which is sprinkled on a sand bed 10 cm, the sleeve need 1.5m diameter sleeves -.. 140 mm.

I cut pieces of roofing material, folded them into the sleeveand sealed with tape (you can use a stapler). Also at the bottom of each pit fall asleep a layer of sand 10 cm and inserted to the sleeve. Formwork for concrete ready.

The sleeves were installed metal rack. First - the two extremes, I lined them vertically and height (2.4 m), pulled between the cord and have it put on the two intermediate column. Then he poured into the concrete liner (from ready mix, only water added and all - very convenient).

Concrete in the sleeves of the roofing material

Concrete poured into the sleeve of the roofing material, metal rack holds

I cut pieces of roofing material, folded them into the sleeveand sealed with tape (you can use a stapler). Also at the bottom of each pit fall asleep a layer of sand 10 cm and inserted to the sleeve. Formwork for concrete ready.

The sleeves were installed metal rack. First - the two extremes, I lined them vertically and height (2.4 m), pulled between the cord and have it put on the two intermediate column. Then he poured into the concrete liner (from ready mix, only water added and all - very convenient).

Racks issued as a stretched cord

Racks issued as a stretched cord

On concrete grasp and rejection I took 3 days. During this time, the rack load is not desirable, so I went into the preparation of wooden parts - support of planks and rafters.

Step # 2 - do the roof

The design of the roof there are 2 supportboard, which will be held by the rafters and the whole roof construction. One of the boards mounted on the wall, the other - on the pillars-pillars. Above the supporting boards laterally stacked rafters.

Boards taken from section 150h50 mm, a length of 6 m. Since the canopy was originally planned as a good-quality but inexpensive design, I bought not planed boards. Ostrogannoj and polished their own, which took some time. But the result was certain, ironed surface of the upper class.

Rafters will be laid in the grooves of the support boards. Another headache - you need to cut grooves and rafters at an angle of inclination. To determine the angle and point of connection, it was necessary to perform a trial installation of boards. For such a wall board I screwed grouse 140h8 mm to metal racks - lengths of 8 mm studs with washers and nuts.

Fixing support boards on the rack and the wall

Fixing support boards on the rack and the wall

Now, when the support board in place inthe course went bevel, by which I defined angle rafters. After the boards were then removed and these, in view of the known angle sawn grooves under the rafters.

The rafters are also made of planks 150h50 mm, 2 m long. Total rafters get 7 pieces. Their installation on the supporting step boards - 1 m.

After adaptations to the rafters grooves, all the details have been dyed glazing composition Holz Lazur JOBI color "tick."

Then it was installed. Supporting the board - as well as during the pre-consolidation, ie via grouse and studs. Rafters were placed on top, into the grooves of boards and hammered nails. Each groove took 2 nail hammered through the rafters obliquely towards each other.

Installation trusses supporting boards in slots

Installation trusses supporting boards in slots

In the crate under Ondura went boards 100h25 mm, length 6m - 7 pieces. These I screwed across the rafters with screws.

Formation of a flexible batten roofing sheets

Formation of a flexible batten roofing sheets

Ondura sheets stacked on the crate and nailedershennymi nails with caps made of plastic in the color of the flooring. In fact, the roof is ready, now you can not worry about the rain and equip a place under the canopy. For example, bring back garden table and chairs.

Canopy covered with sheets Ondura

Canopy covered with sheets evroshifer Ondura

The ends of the rafters were left exposed, which is not verywell in terms of decoration. And vodostochku strengthen appeared nowhere. Therefore, for the completion of the roof, I fastened to the ends of the rafters frontal board - wall paneling, length of 6 m.

The front board overlaps the ends of the rafters

The front board overlaps the ends of the rafters, and creates a support for the gutter

The next step - fixing gutter. On the front board installed two drains to 3 m. Runoff from the roof is in the watering pipe, through which will be watering grapes.

Step # 3 - Fill the foundation under the mini-wall

For in the rain water from getting under the canopy,I decided to do between the posts low retaining wall made of bricks. It requires a strip foundation, which I did on standard technology. I dug a trench between the legs with a bayonet spade, and put the casing of the boards. At the bottom of the trench poured sandy base 10 cm And on it -. Put 2 fittings on supports for fastening (reinforcement) of the foundation.

Without reinforcement afraid to do, you never know, maybecracks and will fall apart. Then knead concrete and poured it into the trench. It was necessary to wait until the concrete hardens and grabs, so the supporting wall, I decided to come back later. And now - do his dressing facilities.

Step # 4 - installation of overlays on poles and trellises

It's time to look at the critical overhanglook. A little distracting from the overall composition of the metal canopy stands. I decided to decorate and ennoble them, sewing up wooden plates. Just for that, I have a few boards 100h25 mm. These I and fastened on top of the metal pillars with the help of pieces of studs M8, washers and nuts. Between the plates (from the trellis plants) had a space where I insert rail 45h20 mm. Reiki formed projections, they will be attached to the horizontal elements of the trellis.

On metal racks secured wooden laths

On metal racks secured wooden laths

Came fixing trellises. I chose to have a lattice pattern with a carved hole in the center. This opening allowed me to use the tapestry is not only long rail, and trim. We can say, it turned out waste-free production. Yes, and this figure looks more interesting than the standard monotonous squares.

Reiki for tapestries made by the longitudinalthe dissolution of the available I 100h25mm boards. Board blossomed into three parts obtained grind rails. The final cross-section rails (after grinding) - 30x20 mm.

Tapestries I did without a frame, rack mounted onlyvertical uprights projections. At first I exhibited horizontal rails, screwing them to the projections screws. Then, on top of them fixed the vertical slats. The result was a decorative grille, near which a spouse has planted grapes. Now he is already hard winds by trellis and almost blocked the construction of the wall. Shadow protection from the midday heat. This is very handy, because the canopy is located on the south side of the house and without a pass here for a vacation day was almost impossible because of the heat wave.

Tapestries are recruited directly from the rails "on the spot"

Tapestries closed facade of the canopy

Tapestries closed facade of the canopy

Step # 5 - construction of a retaining wall

The last stage - the construction of a retaining wall. Strip foundation under it is already frozen, can begin work. For waterproofing, I stuck to the base tape 2 roofing layer, each layer of mastic missed. Above, on the roofing material, built on the level of the retaining wall, the height of 3 bricks.

Retaining wall of bricks

Retaining wall will not allow drops of rain and irrigation water at the site fall under the canopy

Now, less dirt will be under irrigation and rain. And the canopy looks so much nicer.

Carport with a vineyard trellis

Carport with a vineyard trellis

Here, perhaps, and all. The canopy was constructed. The entire project is implemented I am one, but no difficulties in the process of not noticed. Subsequently, under a canopy area was covered with paving tiles. You could say that I got a covered terrace and an outdoor gazebo - as someone like that, and call. Although the design is - the usual canopy on poles, the time for the construction of which took quite a bit.

Anatoly

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