With the onset of cold weather, when the fruit treeshave already given their crops and deciduous dropped outfits garden as it freezes, sinking into a deep sleep before the first spring sun rays. This period - the best time for major events on the winter garden preparation. Whitewashing of fruit trees in the autumn makes it possible not only to improve the productivity of the next season, but also to protect the garden from many troubles during the cold season.
Autumn whitewash the trunks of fruit trees performs several functions:
- Reflection of sunlight. Winter sun is deceptive. Its rays, especially during the thaw, are often the cause of burns on the bark of trees. The trunks, covered with white lime, can reflect the sun's rays, thereby serving the prevention of overheating and cracking of the crust.
- Protection against temperature changes. Whitewashing acts kind of thermal insulation"Coat", thanks to which the tree trunk is not too hot winter's day and freezes at night. This "coat", speaking excellent protection against frost tree, prevents the formation of frost-crack on the bark, which serve as an excellent environment for the development of pathogenic spores and other pathogens.
- Destruction of pathogens. Included in the whitewash of fruit treeslime and fungicides, penetrating deep into the bark of plants, can have a devastating impact on the colonies of insect pests and destroy bacteria and fungal spores.
The simplest and cheapest option of manufacturingwhitening composition - slaked lime solution in the simplest white. The ratio of the components of the solution is 2 kg svezhegashenoy lime, 300 g of copper or iron sulphate 500 g per 10 liters of water. Adding a solution of 1 tablespoon. carbolic acid, the spoon can be further protect the trees from the encroachments of rabbits and mice.
The solution was stirred lime wash in a bucket as long as it does not have the consistency of thick cream
Such a solution is used by many gardeners sincetime immemorial. Though the degree of protection and a whitewash is not high enough, but with an affordable price and ease of manufacture, it remains one of the most popular among the majority of gardeners.
In the absence of the possibility to process the surfaceBelyaev barrel structure, you can always use one more old-fashioned way - smear trunks usual mixture of clay and mullein. To this must be kneaded in the container 2 kg lime, 1 kg of clay, 1 kg of cow dung, and 250 g of copper sulfate.
Garden-based mixture of lime and clay allows wood to "breathe."
If lime mixtures can be applied only on firmly established trees, the clay mixture without compromising growth and can be applied to young plants
The only drawback of this solution is that during the winter it is gradually washed away from the barrel. Therefore, the early spring whitewashing of fruit trees, it is desirable to reopen.
Acrylic paint having a composition of antifungal and antibacterial components, effectively protects the tree trunks of any pathogens.
Such whitewashing is good in that case, if the owner is not able to timely monitor the state of the tree trunk: the protective paint left on them after the winter
Council. Acrylic whitewash is not among the "breathing" basis and because it is undesirable to use on young seedlings.
Water-based paint is effective in the fight againstwinter frosts, but it is not able to protect the tree from harmful insects. Therefore, prior to its application domeshivayut copper-containing components in the ink composition.
By whitewashing trees can begin in the second half of autumn, when the rainy season has passed, and the air temperature is well established in the region of 2-3 ° C. For the whitewash is better to choose a fine dry day.
Whitewashing can be carried out only on the trees,entered at the time of fruiting. Purchased in the fall season for the winter young plants do not bleach, because the protective paint just wood clogs the pores and does not allow the plant to develop fully, resulting in his death.
One-two-year-old seedlings only tied to any covering materials. For these purposes the best agrovoloknom
Plastic film - not the best choice, because delaying moisture, it provokes in the sheltered area of the barrel mold and fungi.
Before the whitewash should be carefullyinspect the trees to eliminate hotbeds of disease-causing microorganisms. Tree trunks and lower bases of the skeletal branches should be cleaned from the dried bark and sick, old growths and moss. Lichens, while not harming the bark of trees, but clog them. Get rid of lichens allow "lavage" trunks with a solution of 1 kg of salt, 2.5 kg of ash, and 2 pieces of soap. All components must be mixed together and pour 1 bucket of hot water, bring to a boil and cool.
hole cleaning can be carried out with a wooden spatula, metal scrapers or brushes to use for this toothed saws
Work tools should be extremely careful not to damage the bark of the plant. After cleaning all wounds and damage to be processed garden pitch.
If the hand is not a garden Vara, you can maketo wound healing putty. To do this, mix 2 parts clay to 1 part manure by adding a mixture of copper sulfate and straw dust. Putty should have a density similar to sour cream.
Whiten the trees as you can with the help of the usualbrush, spray gun or using. However, when dealing with this handy device you should be prepared to ensure that the paint consumption will be much higher as compared to the traditional way of whitewash. For easy dyeing, it is advisable to prepare in advance the brush stem size corresponding to the thickness and skeletal branches.
Whitewashing should be performed starting from the bottom of the barrel and gradually rise to the skeletal branches. Height whitewash skeletal branches should be 20-30 cm from the branching point
Visual aids, revealing key secrets competent whitewash: