With planting large trees of any landlot in a short time can be turned into a beautiful garden. Gone are the days when you had to plant seedlings and half a lifetime to wait until they turn into adult trees with lush canopy. Now, at any time of the year you can plant a large-sized plot - trees, which reach heights of four meters or more. A mechanized transplanting technology of large-sized, which allows mature trees with minimal losses to settle down in a new place. Using a specialized planting-vykopochnoy technique greatly facilitates the process of site landscaping. Trees are transported from the nursery, along with a lump of earth, which manages to keep in pristine condition most of the root system.
Previously, this operation is only done the wintertime, because the frozen ground ball was easier dovozit to the destination in its original form. At the same time, the planting of large trees is conducted throughout the year, as the experts have come up with ways to deliver trees with a solid lump of earth to the subject. In addition, in the warmer months, the owners of suburban areas can immediately recognize the species of a specimen brought, as well as to evaluate the splendor of his crown and the beauty of the color of leaves.
Planting large trees involved in landscapecompany (studio), as these greening works require special equipment, as well as professionals with expertise in the field of biology and ecology.
The greening of private suburban areasIt applies both deciduous and coniferous large trees. Among deciduous trees especially popular in landscape gardening are the following:
- red oak and pedunculate;
- serdtselistnaya linden and small-leaved;
- mountain ash;
- Norway maple;
- Elm smooth and rough;
- weeping birch and fluffy.
Among conifers increased demandspruce, pine (cedar and ordinary) and larch (European and Siberian). All of these trees grow on the Russian territory. For exclusive species include Japanese larch, walnut and gray Manchu, Amur cork. These trees are well adapted to the conditions characteristic of central Russia. Fruit large size stands out as a separate category. This includes the different varieties of apples, pears, plums, cherries, apricots and other fruit trees.
Planting material is acquired not only inRussian nurseries, but also in foreign. Most often, large trees brought from the Czech Republic, Poland and Germany. Naturally, the imported planting material is more expensive for the customer. However, costs incurred recouped through better survival import trees that have strong immunity and compact, specially formed for transplanting, the root system. Moreover, according to the European decorative qualities krupnomery ahead of domestic items. Most often in landscaping suburban areas, the following trees, exotic species:
- Abies concolor;
- European linden;
- Birch Zhakmana;
- Rowan Thuringian and intermediate;
- Korean cedar pine;
- White Pine and Rumelian;
- Tsuga canadensis;
- several species of maple.
Greening suburban area evergreen coniferous trees not only beautify the area, but also to fill the air amazing and rewarding aroma of pine needles
Krupnomerov dig with extreme caution,taking care not to cause damage to the root system and the lower branches of the tree. For this branch, located below, before the entrenchment of wood tie. If selected for the transplant woody plants are diseased, broken or dead branches, they are in no hurry to cut. These branches play a role of a buffer for reliable protection of the adult tree crown during transport. Remove damaged branches after consolidate tree in the landing pit.
The diameter of the circular shape of an earthen clodcalculated based on the value of the diameter of the trunk (the trunk portion, at a distance of one meter from its root collar). The diameter of the earth coma should be 10-12 times the diameter of the trunk. The exact data received in the international community, can be found in the table, which also contains the height of the earth coma. Dimensions earthen clod cubic shape for the transplant mature trees are in the range: length, width - 1 m to 2.5 m; height -. 0.7 m to 1 m in height Small trees can dig up manually. It is recommended to slightly increase the standard dimensions of an earthen clod.
Digging depth is determined by the breed of the tree. This necessarily takes into account peculiarities of the large size of the root system and the conditions for its growth. When digging spruce growing on wet soils, earthen coma diameter of 1.5 meters and height -. 0.4 m have to dig much deeper in the loamy soils. At the height of the excavation of the earth coma oak should be between 1 m to 1.2 m. It is best to take the planting, growing on medium and heavy soils. Ground whom have dug large-sized data types of soil turns thick and very resistant. It is also important that the fine capillaries loamy earth coma freely prolonged water from the surrounding soil to the roots of large trees placed in the landing pit.
Tear off from the earthen room subsoil helps hydraulic jack, load capacity which should be in the range of 15-20 tonnes.
Earthen room with large trees, extracted frommaternal soil, packed in a special metal basket container. In this capacity small tree transported to the place of new dislocations. Upon arrival to the object tree basket lowered by special equipment in advance prepared planting hole. Then split container is pulled onto the surface and into the wood remains at the landing site.
The large size of the earth is packed in a comametal mesh or burlap. These materials allow the root system of a mature tree to remain in the mother's soil during transport. In the winter, the trees are dug up and transported without packaging earthen clod. We only need to give a few days (from 1 to 10) for the excavated soil freezing. The number of days depends on the size of earthen coma, and the ambient temperature. In the frozen state a lump of earth with the tree is delivered to the subject in full safety.
For the loading and transportation of large trees may require the following types of machinery:
- cross country performance cars equipped with powerful hydraulic manipulators;
- flatbed trucks;
- replanting of trees on the basis of tractors;
- shovel loaders front wheel and others.
To capture and use of large-sized mountingsteel and textile slings, ties, carbines and other fixtures. When working on the mooring (consolidation) large trees on the vehicle try not to damage the bark. This is only possible if zachalivat krupnomerov of earthen room or used packaging. The trunk of the tree, placed along the body of the truck, propped up by special wooden pads. This technique allows you to save the crown of the tree.
Vocmimetrovye trees in such a delivery methodtowering over the road, which complicates their transportation under bridges, power lines, under the roof of tunnels. Therefore, in the selection of planting material trying to get round the trees are too high (more than 10-12 m) as their transport is difficult and financially costly. It takes not only a powerful special equipment for the extraction of large size, but also lengthy vehicle for its transportation. In addition, delivery of oversized cargo is not possible without the traffic police escorted vehicles.
Choose the time for transporting plantingthe material in the winter time, taking into account the weather forecast. Do not transport the trees at temperatures below minus 18 degrees, since in such circumstances their branches become brittle and break.
To land on a plot of mature trees,you must, first of all, to clear the data for work area. Then, in accordance with dendroplanom dig holes for planting large trees. The pits are prepared in advance or immediately before lowering them imported trees. In the latter case, the required size of the pit dug by means of special equipment. If necessary, soil compaction is produced using imported land tree planting locations. After the installation of large-sized planting hole in the ground coma performed backfilling to level the soil surface.
Planting large trees on the site, brought to the kennel, made in a hole, the size of which must conform to whom excavated earth
In winter, the root collar of the tree shouldlocated just above the line. In the spring, the soil melts a bit, settle and root collar snaps into place. The last stage is associated with the installation of rope holders, which will provide the balance of the tree in the period of its establishment at the new location.
When placing a coniferous tree in the landing pitit is recommended to comply with the orientation to the cardinal. This means that the branches oriented to the north in the same place krupnomerov growth, should be located at a new site in the same position.
Strengthening planted trees stretch marks of the ropes is conducted in order to provide a stable position krupnomerov during its rooting in a new place
Organization of the proper care of transplanted large size allows its survival on the land, as well as to speed up the growth and development of the tree.
One of the main stages of care for treatment of transplant large trees is their trunks and crowns pesticides which do not allow the breeding of pests and diseases of trees from taking root
Specialists serving the transplanted trees produce:
- Watering at the roots;
- pruning of the crown and its irrigation;
- the introduction of root and foliar application;
- aerating the root zone;
- improving the mechanical composition of the soil;
- soil deoxidation;
- loosening the soil and mulching it as superficial and deep;
- alignment anchored tree in spring time;
- processing trunks special tools that protect trees from pests and diseases.
With mature trees can be created onsection of any composition. Professionals enough "wave a magic wand" to a vacant lot grown forest, there was a grove lined straight avenue, leaped up the tops of coniferous trees. The result did not take long, if the landing krupnomerov entrust specialized companies, well-known in the market for gardening and landscaping suburban areas.