It just so happened that we are all trying to build youra small "little world", protecting private lands from the manifestations of the external world - neighbors and curious passers-by, the wind and noise, exhaust fumes and the roar of cars. However, not all of us are constantly pleased at the prospect abut look at little priglyadny six-foot fence, outlining the boundaries of our possessions. How to make your "kingdom" inaccessible to outsiders without disturbing the natural beauty of the garden landscape? The answer to this question is hidden in the depths of the 18th century, when it was first grown hedges - a dense linear planting of landscaping plants, designed to protect and at the same time to decorate private area.
Green fence along the borderyour land will become a natural barrier of dust, noise and wind, as well as neighbors and annoying intruders. Especially good hedge in the country, as it does not require such significant cash investments, like the construction of capital fence. A great option for suburban area - freely growing hedges - with their own hands to create it easily enough, because it does not require periodic mowing as regular hedge regular geometric shape. Special attention is given hedge of roses that adorn the facade of the house fine, arbor or fence dull. Effectively looks hedge of a girl's grapes - it does not need special care, and in the autumn red vine leaves in the garden will create elegant atmosphere.
Hedge of grapes can serve as fencing and a good background for other elements of landscape design
Hedges have come a long way of development, before you come to be in our time. Perhaps that is why, fence, formed with the help of ornamental plants, has such a variety of types and forms.
Green hedge formed as a low curb, - the original setting for flowerbeds and walkways
On the basis of such characteristics of the hedge, the height, the boundary of the three types of plantings can be identified:
- Low curbs up to 1 meter in height - to delineate the boundaries lawns, flower beds, paths
- hedge height 1-2 meters - to divide the plot into functional areas
- living wall height of 2 meters or more - for planting along the site boundaries
Depending on the intensity of shearing, greenHedge divided into molded and freely growing. Unlike molded fences, which is attached by means of shearing distinct geometric shape, freely growing fence practically not subjected correction and grow in a random direction.
Freely growing hedge of different types of shrubs decorate the landscape area in the landscape style
Another parameter that classifieshedges - Rows landing. Green fence in creating which plants are planted in one line, applies to single-row. Two and three-row hedge involves placing plants in several lines in the form of uneven tiers. Single row hedges form of plants, planted at an equal distance from each other. For shrubs adhere step planting approximately 30-50 cm for the trees -. 75 to 150 cm multilane hedge plants are planted in staggered rows, with the distance between them is observed depending on the expected size of the crown and height.
Multi-row cascading hedges create aa certain proportion of imagination, combining freely growing and formed "steps" of the various species of shrubs and trees. Beautiful flowering fence can be created with no molded hedges of honeysuckle, irgi, barberry and other bushes. For planting hedges of mixed type use the plants of one species but of different varieties - have different color foliage or needles. Not bad look a combination of purple and green beech, green and variegated privet and holly. Such multi-layer fence occupy a lot of space, but it effectively protects against intrusion and unwanted looks, polluted the atmosphere and the motorway noise.
To create a shaped hedge is best to plant the plants with small leaves - they will provide fencing dense surface
During mowing, the green fence may be shaped - from geometric rounded up
When selecting plants for planting in the form of a livingfence, better to give preference to those who have been "test of strength" in the local climatic conditions. It should be winter-hardy, undemanding plants with dense foliage, which are well recovered after a haircut and have a high ability to form shoots. It is worth paying attention to such trees as maple, hornbeam, turn and shrubs - privet, hawthorn, cotoneaster. Effectively look hedges of jasmine, sea buckthorn, rhododendron, barberry, honeysuckle, wrinkled roses, lilacs, irgi. To create a green hedge selected plants with small leaves, which, when the periodic mowing form a uniform surface.
The thick impenetrable hedge can be created out of the bushes of lilac and rhododendron growing free way
When choosing planting material for livefence, you must look at the root system and the crown of the plant - the roots should not be overdried, crown - uniform in shape. For planting of vegetable crops as a hedge choose young trees and bushes between the ages of 3 to 6 years are sufficiently developed and can easily take root in the new environment.
Before the formation of the green fencesyou need to learn how to plant hedges to plant no shortage of sun, moisture and nutrients. In this regard, the important point is the choice of location for planting hedges and plants season for transport in the open ground. Typically, hedge laying is done in the spring after the soil has dried out, or autumn, if you select hardy plants to form a living fence. Place for the location of selected green fences away from buildings - at least 2 meters and 0.5-1.5 meters away from the capital of the fence.
When planting hedges need to dig a trench, loosen and fertilize her bottom, and place the seedling compacted ground
Prior to planting hedges need to be identifiedline of its location by using a stretched cord. Along the line markings are digging a trench depth of about 0.5 meters. The width of the trench depends on tiering green fence - for single-row, it is 40-50 cm, for multi-row - plus 50 cm for each subsequent row. On hedge planting density affect the specific features of the plant, the estimated height and the number of living fence rows.
Dense hedges are used to create the garden of secluded seating areas - "green rooms"
Stocking density of seedlings in the 1 meter fence:
- Low shrub (Mahonia, spirea) 5-7 bushes;
- Intermediate bush (snowberry, cotoneaster) 4-5 bushes;
- tall (2-3 m) trees and bushes (physocarpus, hawthorn) 1-2 plants.
When planting, dig a pit conifersdiameter, 2 times the size of the roots. Garden soil, excavated during the digging of the pit, mixed with compost, organic fertilizer and silica, after which she sprinkled the bottom of the pit. Conifers breed most often sold in plastic containers. Before planting the plant gently removed from the container and planted in open ground with a clod of earth untouched. After the tree is installed in the landing pit, it covered with soil, which is then compacted, but ram. At some distance from the landing line forming the crest of irrigation in the form of a low hill, which prevents the spreading of water. After landing works, plant abundantly watered.
Hedge, pleasing the eye with its green all year round, can be formed of evergreen conifers
Deciduous medium-tall or tallShrubs and trees are sold mainly to the bare root system, which is washed before landing in a few hours, and pruned, removing damaged and long processes. Pit prepare for landing so as to put the plant to a depth not exceeding that for which it was planted previously. Earth excavated from the pit, mixed with organic fertilizers, compost and partially returned to the bottom of the pit. A bush or a tree is placed in the hole and sprinkle the remaining land, tracking density of filling - that between the plant roots are not formed voids. If the tree has a high trunk, in the bottom of the pit, at a depth of about 50 cm, the number of hammer supports, which after planting loosely tied tree.
Freely growing hedges are often formed from uneven deciduous trees and shrubs
Seedlings of a low bush, as a rule,They are grown in plastic containers, which provide the root system of plants protection. This allows you to not adhere to a time-bound bushes landing in open ground. Hole under the bush land is prepared taking into account the size of the plant and rootstock earthen clod. When planting a plant container is exempt from maintaining earthen coma and placed in a hole dug. After filling the voids of the landing pit earth, the top layer of the soil is compacted and watered slightly.
Hedge in the form of a freely growing curb of low bushes gently outline the border of green grass or lawn
For planting large shrubs diga trench width of about 1 m and a depth of 50-60 cm. The bottom of the trench loosen fork to a depth of 20 cm and mix the loosened layer of soil with peat, leaf mold, manure or compost. Not bad to add lime, wood ash and a little phosphate fertilizers.
Lavender bushes, planted in a circular border, effectively emphasized by the path leading to the house
Quite often, when it formed livefence in the country, saving a small garden plot area is placed at the forefront. How can I grow a hedge in the cramped conditions of land allotment, limited 6 hundred square meters? In order to create a green hedge in the form of a thick, but not the general trellis, plants sit down at a small distance from each other -. About 20 cm Shpalernaya fence looks great, if it is formed from plants such as the yellow acacia, willow, rowan and hawthorn .
A thin and, at the same time, a dense hedge-trellis may be formed from conventional willow
A year later, planted trees and shrubscut, as they say, "on the stump" - leaving 10-15 cm above-ground parts of the plant. A year later, in the spring, spend capital pruning hedges, retaining some of the strongest shoots, which are intertwined crosswise - at an angle of 45 degrees, cutting the bark at the point where the branches. The resulting diamond-shaped "pattern" is fixed to the frame in a lattice structure, which was built on the basis of stakes driven into a small step in the ground, and cross.
Shpalernaya hedge grown by crosswise weaving processes bushes or stunted trees
Subsequently, all the side shoots trellispruned 2-3 times per season, adhering to the vertical plane, which encourages further branching of the fence up. Regular grooming side Tapestry hedges aimed at creating its uniform width -. 30 cm Tapestry is also sheared the top, maintaining a certain height of the green fence.
Monotonous gray fence can be revived with the help of bright abundantly "flowering trellis" of trudging roses
Laying on an individual or a country sitegreen fence, it should be noted that the departure during the season of the hedge is much more complicated than the usual garden plants. This is due largely to the fact that for a plant fence need to constantly keep an eye - watering, fertilizing and cutting. If you treat the issue of cutting and trimming hedges without due attention - it can grow so that put it in order, and it will be impossible to be clipped landing "to zero."
Lush hydrangea florets collected in a hedge, will adorn your garden bright accent and protect from intruders
Pruning at planting
Deciduous trees and shrubs varietiesformed in a hedge, heavily pruned immediately after planting, leaving 10-15 cm aboveground part of seedlings to accelerate the growth of shoots at the base. If the seedlings were purchased with bare root system, the pruning must be done above-ground parts of half the existing height. Seedlings are grown in a container, cut by one-third the height.
The combination of multi-color and uneven curbs geometric shape will give your garden a unique flavor
Trimming in the second season
A year later, planted hedges trimmedabout 4 times per season - from May to August. Light pruning in the second year of existence of the hedge is aimed at giving a certain form fit and increased branching density.
In severe pruning - to a height of about 15 cm from thethe surface of the soil, need these types of shrubs: privet, hawthorn, blackthorn, tamarisk. In 1/3 of the height of new shoots cut: cotoneaster, hornbeam, barberry, boxwood, beech. Cardinal not require pruning: juniper, laurel, kiparisnik, cypress. Such hedges are cut only a few branches which are knocked out from the crowd and give the fence a slovenly appearance.
Mowing in 2-3 years
Hedge trimming in the coming yearsperformed to impart decorative fences accurate species - lateral branching clipped, upper shoots a little trimming. Deciduous trees and shrubs trimmed in early spring - before the advent of the young leaves, coniferous evergreen plants can be cut later in the spring or the beginning of autumn.
It is important to know! When trimming hedges form the base a little wider than the top to the lower branches are sufficiently covered and thus evolved.
a special power is used for cutting of long shaped hedges
Top trimming hedges carried out to a height of about 10 cm, after pulling a guide bichevku
Hedge of evergreen or small-leaved plants shorn electric instrument or scissors. For cutting and trimming of large-hedges are used secateurs.
When pruning and trimming, hedges can be given any shape, even the most bizarre
During the season, the hedge must beregularly watered, loosen the soil beforehand by 50-70 cm on each side of the landing. When watering the water jet is directed directly to the base of the plant, providing humidification of soil to a depth of 30-40 cm.
With low rounded shape of the hedge maze in the garden - a place for children to play and secluded relaxation
After dropping off the plants twine in the walls of your home and to set a simple framework, you will become the owner of the works of landscape art
In addition to irrigation, hedges needfed with organic and mineral fertilizers. Organic fertilizer - compost, leaf mold, peat soil dug introduced in the early spring or fall in the range of 2 to 5 kg per square meter of land. Mineral fertilizers - nitrogen and potassium phosphate are added to the soil, depending on the season: only nitrogen in early spring, phosphate - mainly in late summer and early fall. Autumn bait may consist of the following components: 30-40 g of potassium salt, 50-70 g of superphosphate, ammonium sulfate 50-70 g.