Process of land with a large area, towhere a significant part of the territory allotted to the garden, doing just improvised tools - not an easy task. Work on loosening, digging and weeding the garden by hand takes a lot of time and effort. Well, when you can buy walk-behind tractor, which will be indispensable in the area. However, to facilitate the work on the ground, you can walk-behind and making their own hands.
Market tillers plant productionIt offers buyers a fairly wide range of products to suit every taste. However, prices for such agricultural machinery can overpower not many. Therefore, in the gardens in rural areas often can be found homemade motoblock, which operating parameters or slightly inferior to the factory counterpart.
Creating a universal design, craftsmen often use parts of old bikes and scrap
Obsolete models of motorcycles often serve as the basis for the production of a variety of homemade and healthy in the economy of small-scale mechanization.
Since homemade tillers are often created from scrap materials of old, even as the assembly of the engine is often applied to many famous motor saws "Druzhba".
On the basis of homemade craftsmen tillers produce no less important agricultural tools, such as: plows, as well as for Hillers hilling corn or potatoes
One of these artists - the inventor of Valentin Arkhipov, who is the author of the manufacture of a variety of useful devices and construction of all kinds of gardening equipment.
The talented designer has createdmultifunctional device that can be used not only to plow and harrow the ground, but also to plant, spud tubers, and harvest and raking tops
Therefore, in considering how to make your walk-behind tractorhands, it is better to opt for this proven and successfully applied version. With a simple and easy to use selhozagregatom can handle anyone.
The device is a two-wheel tractora self-propelled machine on two wheels, equipped with the engine, removed from the scooter EP-150M. The reason for choosing this engine was the fact that it has such a constructive solution, which is carried out through forced air cooling of the cylinder head.
Such motor scooter is capable of running on at the lowest rates on a pretty heavy load
For the construction of the master used motoblockcombined with scooter control cables, engine mounts, as well as a double arc frames, handles and chains. Other details of the structure of industrial production were
Separately, the designer produced from welded pipesU-shaped frame and the machined on the lathe a wheel axle. He did well for the main and regulating rods 3 homemade hinge. They will be used as a connecting element between themselves tillers, his wheel and plow.
The frame assembly is secured by weldingsteel tube, completing the axis, which is necessary for reaching the box tensioning gear motor cables. Needless tension is carried by an oscillating rocker, as a shift lever which protrudes welded steel pipe segment.
Step chains used to create the device is 12.7 mm and 15.9 mm. The number of teeth for stars: the output shaft - 11, secondary shaft - 20 and 60, running gear axle - 40.
Analogues of such a model, there is more than a dozen, but in comparison with them the original model motoblock Kaluga master has a number of advantages.
- Swivel. Cutting tools and tractors majoritythese models have a rigid connection, which makes it difficult to maneuver the machine, and thus difficult to work with him. Details of selhozagregata connected by hinges. This makes it possible in the process to change direction without removing the plow from the furrow, if necessary.
- The offset axis to the direction of movement. Many owners of soil treated withusing motor cultivator difficulty encountered such that during advancement under the action of soil resistance unit leads away. To align the grooves should have put a lot of effort. To compensate for this drift, the master is a plow-axis at a slight angle in the direction of movement. When plowing design slightly turned to the left. The correct position is always possible to adjust the three joints of traction.
- The level of a given depth of plowing. If other models plowing depthsupported by the lifting or lowering of the plow, when the motor-block with this it is performed automatically. Control is performed by changing the angle of the plow with respect to the furrow. The design is equipped with field board, which acts as a lift when burying plow. If, on the contrary, share appears above ground, it immediately increases its angle of attack, under the influence of which he again plunges into the ground to a predetermined depth.
The assembly starts with the design arrangementthreaded shaft. To this end it is attached to the housing with bearings and mount welded sprocket freewheel clutch, which in operation will carry out the function of the differential. After this structure is equipped with wheels and frame. On the fixed frame mounted telescopic rod, the plow and the wheel.
The main elements of the navigation tree: 1 - shaft, 2 - star 3 - cap 4 - the bearing housing, 5 - supporting platform 6 - bearing number 308, 7 - the case of overrunning clutch, 8 - dogs axis 9 - dog 10 - ratchet, 11 - Bearing number 307, 12 - washers 13 - wheel, 14 - a spring pawl
Agricultural behind tractor equipped with special wheels, which, unlike the rubber counterparts, are able to provide the best traction.
These wheels do not become clogged with metal ground. In contact with the ground are not compacted it, and vice versa loosen
To connect to the machine frame with the engine suspension and the frame of the scooter uses two arc-shaped tube. Between them there is space to accommodate a fuel tank.
For the arrangement of the motor usedan arm ending in a steel axis 150 mm long. Cantilever bracket is welded to the U-shaped frame structure. At the very axis of the motor is suspended from the suspension. Harvested arcuate construction connected to the frame arches. Only then mount a secondary shaft, control cables stretch and pull chain.
The main control unit components: 1 - connecting axis 2 - strap, 3 - pipe, 4 - arm
The connecting structural elements: 1 - the main thrust 2 - regulating rod
An illustrative example of the use of two-wheel tractor:
But this modification is particularly good:
Motoblock Arkhipova versatile. It can be use as a plow or the hoe. It's enough to removable parts for the plow to replace the items removed from the dumps for cultivators. Motoblock as we move to bury the furrows in the ground and put them in potato tubers. To plow the tubers only need to replace the blades and walk unit between planted rows.
The same principle can be sprouted and spudplants. Selhozagregat comfortable and at harvest. Using different blades can be changed widths. The unit is good and what is able to collect the missing potatoes and remaining after harvesting the tops of plants. For this purpose, it is equipped with a rake or harrow.
Universal design can not be usedonly for agricultural work. In winter it is successfully used for snow removal. Faithful Assistant is useful for cleaning the tracks of territory. Having established on walk-behind roller with a round brush and an additional star, the owner will facilitate currently working on clearing the sidewalks.