The work on the land, whether it is loosening,digging or hilling takes a lot of time and effort. Therefore, many gardeners, to facilitate work on the cultivation of land, acquire auxiliary eqipment - tillers. Using this versatile unit can perform a number of diverse works, ranging from cleaning the site and working the land, and completing the transport of harvested crops and any cargo. But weed, to hill or simply remove the snow, as well as construction waste is not possible without attachment - adapter. The specially equipped truck with seat that turns into a mini-walk-behind tractor, is quite expensive in stores. Make adapter for motoblock own hands - quite feasible task, you can perform a host who has the technical creative streak.
With this attachment cangreatly simplify the use of two-wheel tractor. After all, it acts transitional link between himself unit with other functional elements: nozzles for planting and earthing up potatoes, with plane, plow ... By installing the equipment can be as much as possible to automate a vegetable garden, gardening work. For example, when using machinery with attachments can enhance the operating speed of 5 to 10 km / h.
There are several types of adapters. In general, the design is attached to the rear of the two-wheel tractor truck, equipped with a comfortable seat
Some models are equipped with a lever for lifting,by which greatly simplified mechanism of control and movement of the machine on site. Other adapters, in addition to agricultural work, can also be used for transportation of goods. They are equipped with special bodywork. Depending on the functional significance of adapters may have a short or long drawbar. Models with short drawbar are designed to work with light tillers and long - with a heavy-weight aggregates.
There are commercially available and the model with a telescopic drawbar, as well as those in which the track width can be adjusted.
Fixed to the adapter via Tillerssingle enhanced coupling, which consists of two parts: the first part of the equipment necessary for connection to the unit. A second acts regulated adapter between the equipment itself and its lifting mechanism. To increase the number of guns used simultaneously adapters equipped with a double universal coupling.
A simple model of the adapter isa metal frame. It is made of a pipe with a rectangular cross-section is 1.7 meters long. At one end of the tube perpendicular to the welded pipe length of 0.5 meters, which will serve as a basis for fixing the uprights under the wheel adapter. The height of the uprights themselves and from the wheel axis to the top of - 0.3 meters.
For the manufacture of construction can be usedWheel, shot with garden carts. Install them can be on the sleeve, which is quite simple to perform on a conventional lathe. In the ready sleeve bearings wear appropriate size
Thereafter, the central tube and sleeves wheelsadapter must be attached by welding braces. Length products depends on the angle of inclination with respect to the structure. The square frame adapter can also be made to any size. In our case, this frame 0,4h0,4 meters. For the arrangement of attachment to the rear end of the frame is welded №10 channel length of 0.4 meters. The assembly and connection side pipe structure operate with bolts.
Also welded to the frame for controlling the lever. It has three "tribes" of length 20, 30 and 50 cm. To increase the applied force adjusting lever equipped with an additional arm length of 75 cm. Coupler design unit can be purchased at the store or make your own. Regardless of whether coupling production sample or self-made, special attention should be paid to its reliability. From its quality depends on the duration of operation of attachments.
The seat is placed on a metal support which is welded to the central tube. The adapter is ready for operation.
For the manufacture of multi-function devices need to prepare:
- Steel pipes and corners;
- Sheet steel;
- Two wheels;
- Comfortable seat;
- Welding machine and toolset.
This adapter is a multifunctionmodel. It can be used for the main agricultural operations and transportation of goods on uneven terrain at a distance minded. Equip design can be such agricultural implements like plow, harrow, Hiller, vykapyvatel potatoes. In the winter months, the adapter can be attached scraper for snow removal.
The main elements of the equipment are: the frame and couplings, as well as wheelset and seats
The manufacturing process of the adapter in the home takes place in several stages.
To ensure equilibrium and structureprevent further congestion at the design stage, we need to create a kinematic scheme. It can make your own or use a ready option.
This scheme is designed for the manufacture of the adapter, designed for use on the Tillers "Neva"
Producing and assembling the frame arrangement is important to provide the plug with the sleeve. It is necessary to allow free rotation of the trailer.
Frame structure made of metal tubes and parts
The body structure is made of steel sheet. The height of its sides make no less than 30 cm.
In the manufacture of rack adapter for wheels, you can use the above scheme
The easiest way of manufacturing the coupling assemblydesign - the pin length of 15 cm, which is stuck in the hole of the drawbar U-shaped motoblochnogo "tow bar". The disadvantage of this option is a fast amortization: under the influence of a freely rotating trailer quickly broken holes for the hitch. To reduce wear grippy U-shaped, it is desirable to lengthen.
Video workshop production of the rotary unit for motoblock:
On the cap frame adapter beams, departing 80cm from the front edge of the seat is fixed. It is fixed by means of bolts. The adapter is ready. It remains only to test the functionality of the MFP.
To extend the lifetime and improve the design appeal of all metallic elements need to be painted