Snow's time - time favorite kids: skiing and sled, funny snowball fights and building ice castles ... But the owners of country houses abundance of snow is not very happy, because have to again take up the shovel and clear the area. Well, when there is a possibility to buy snow machines and turn seasonal service in a pleasant job. But if there is no extra money to buy useful "helper", you can always make a snow-plow with his own hands from the materials, which have long been gathering dust around in the corner shop or barn.
We offer first consider the option of how to make a snow-plow with their hands on the basis of the old engine from the motor cultivator. For this it is necessary to prepare:
- Sheet (roofing) iron for the auger housing assembly;
- Steel corner 50x50 mm frame structure;
- Plywood 10 mm thick side panels;
- Half-inch pipe for the arrangement of the handle of the machine.
When planning to arrange a homemade snow-plowair-cooled engine, it is imperative to provide additional protection from the air intake holes emitted in the process of fine snow particles.
Engine power of this device is 6.5 hp It is sufficient for cleaning the fresh snow with gardening area
Due to capture machine width of 50 cm is convenientwill move the structure and clear the winding paths in the area. The machine has compact dimensions, its width does not exceed 65 cm. This makes it possible at any time as useless to hide snowthrower to the barn, he easily passes through a conventional door.
For the production of the screw shaft can be used? inch pipe. The pipe made through propyl necessary to fix the metal blades the size 120h270 mm. In the process, captured by snow mass from the transport belt screw will move to the shoulder blade. This blade, in turn, under the rotational action of the snow will tilt to the side.
Rama snowthrower can be welded from steelparts of 50x50 mm, and closer to the edges in the pipe structure to the transverse corners of the weld remains only two corners on each side, whose dimensions 25x25 mm
These corners in the future and will be fixed engine platform. Scrapie transverse to the longitudinal corners and secure to them the control handle can be with bolts (M8).
The tube is equipped with a screw and a metal spatulafour rubber rings d = 28 cm, the material for which could serve as a sidewall of the tire, or 1.5-meter conveyor belt 1.5 mm thick.
Cut the rings of gum base can bea simple device: a plate to score in the two screws, and then this design tightly secured to the tape and turn around. Significantly simplify the procedure can be cut using a jigsaw
Since the screw machine is snegoubornoysamotsentriruemyh rotate in bearings 205, they must be placed on the pipe. In order to make the snowthrower can use any of the bearings, the main thing - they should be closed execution. In the role of a protective casing for the bearings may make reliance on cardan old Lada models.
Council. To design a good entry into the bearings, it is necessary to make a few cuts and slightly obstuchal. Such manipulations allow slightly reduce the diameter of the shaft.
For the insurance of self-made screw from fallingIce is desirable to provide a safety pin. In addition to the direct purpose - cutting at jamming the auger, it will serve as a belt guard (if equip the belt drive system). auger drive circuit can be realized. The frequency of rotation idling comes out to about 800 rev / min. All the necessary components snowplow can be purchased at any specialty store.
For snow garbage suitable length of plastic sewer pipe d = 160 mm. It is fixed to a pipe of the same diameter, located on the auger housing
The continuation of this segment of the pipe will be the discharge chute of snow, the diameter of which must be greater than the width of the metal of the blade screw.
Before assembly, the design should payattention to the fact that the size of the machine body must be a couple of centimeters more than the size of the screw. This will prevent grazing mechanism housing wall in the process.
Because the engine snowthrower in snowlessperiods can also be used for other purposes in the construction of the unit it is desirable to provide a quick-convenient platform through which the engine at any time can be removed without the involvement of any tools.
A significant advantage of this constructivesolutions is the ease of cleaning the cover and movable parts of the machine from the hard-packed snow. And clean up this snowthrower for storage is much simpler: it is enough to remove the engine and the car will be twice easier.
The basis for the skis are the wooden beams, which are additionally equipped with plastic covers. To manufacture such plates can be of boxes of electrical wiring
Domestic snow-plow is ready for operation. It remains only to paint a home-made device, and start to work on snow clearing.
This relatively simple device for constructionIt can be done in any shop equipped with lathe and welding machine. Designed Penza craftsmen snegosborschik well proved itself even in quite difficult conditions of snow spotted.
The basis of the design of the device are as follows: motor with integrated muffler, gas tank and cable for throttle control.
All components of the device can be purchased in the store or take with the same motorbike
First, you need to make a rotorlathe workpiece through respective parts of the motor. Externally it looks like a steel disc d = 290 mm and a thickness of 2 mm. The disc is connected by bolts to the hub forms a structure which is already attached to the welding method 5 blades. To improve the efficiency of the vane mechanism further amplified from the reverse side ribs.
engine cooling system operates on the principle of a fan, whose blades are made of dyuralalyuminiya pulley and fixed on the motor to run
Protects brazed fan casing disposed on the cover of the housing. To improve the quality of cooling the cylinder head is placed at an angle of 90 degrees.
On the rotor shaft on the body is planted in pairsplaced four ball bearings. It is fixed to the case with the steel clamping ring and bolts. rotor housing itself is pressed against the frame by means of special brackets which partially captures and compression ring.
Scheme assembly basic elements snowplow "Blizzard" of the machine
Removable components of the machine are the aluminum wall of the rotor housing and spaced along the scraper frame.
A significant advantage of homemade snowplowmachines is the ability to adjust by changing the scraper widths. At the height of quality and characteristics of the unit. design weight does not exceed 18 kg, which makes it possible to use it to women, and the range of snow garbage - about 8 meters.