Summer residents are seriously engaged in garden and vegetable garden,They can not do without a certain technique, because the land is not qualitatively processed hands, and health will suffer. First and foremost assistant can be walk-behind tractor. It is an expensive technique, but the number of functions it can perform, for the year to justify the purchase with a vengeance. It remains to find out how to choose the walk-behind tractor, and what its quality to look for in the first place.
Some stores all the equipment to work withthe earth is represented as a different power tillers and weight. So often in this category there are also cultivators, tillers are called ultra-light. In fact, they are two different unit, and should be determined by what is more profitable for you when choosing a technology for your own garden.
Tiller - a mechanized weaponlabor, which stands on the drive axle cutter capable of processing only the top layer of soil. In more detail this technique we discussed in a separate article entitled "How to choose a cultivator for questioning: what to look for before purchasing?". cultivator function is limited to only the top layer of soil treatment, while the walk-behind tractor can replace most of the garden machinery.
Thus the walk-behind tractor - a kindmini-tractor. His attachment work by a wheel traction, and the man only controls appliances, walking behind her. And the power and ability is much stronger tillers and cultivators are supplied with a large number of attachments. These units we analyze in more detail.
Dreaming of tillers, gardeners generally expect to use it to cultivate the land. But this technique is much more functions.
Naturally, the main features are motoblock earthworks, and more specifically -vspashka, harrowing, ridging, cutting series, etc .:
- Plowing. Plowing the land with the help of the plow, which hangin the aggregate, and powerful models capable of shag. This feature is particularly useful to novice gardeners, who must first bring the land back to normal status, then to her something to plant. Tillers, in contrast to the cultivators, raises the deeper layers of soil, shoveling and stirring the soil, and thus the earth is satisfied with oxygen, making it more air. In such a soil and humidity, and air circulation is much better than in the dug by shovel.
- Harrowing. Harrowing conduct a separate attachment to the teeth. The purpose of this work - to break the crust on the soil surface, which is formed by drying the top of the soil under the sun. Due to the broken peel oxygen access to the root system of vegetable crops, not retained in the soil moisture. Besides using harrowing weeds effectively removed.
- Hilling. For the hosts, who planted potatoes in the cottages(4-5 weave), tillers will be useful as a hiller. Special nozzle will help to lift the furrow to give an opportunity to the tubers better ventilated, and deliver them from excessive moisture. Hilling strawberries and helpful, especially if it is grown in the valley, where increased moisture causes damage botrytis berries.
- Digging and planting of vegetable crops. With these tips and a potatokartofelevykapyvatel motoblock easier for you to fit and clean, "the second bread". The hopper volume includes about three buckets of planting potatoes, which can sleep either a farmer himself, or his assistant. For planting the seeds, cloves of garlic and onions planter used.
Harrowing is conducted until the potatoes are still barely appeared on the surface of the earth, to help him get through the dried up topsoil
Kartofelesazhateli accommodate a different number of planting material, but the most common variant in which to sleep around 3 buckets
Seeders convenient plant for autumn crops, which normally fertilize the soil and rid it of weeds. Spring green shoots plowed
We invite you to view videos with tips from an experienced summer resident (particularly service unit):
In addition to excavation, walk-behind tractor capable of performinglawn care. To this end, it comes in a complete set of rotary mower that mows the grass trimmer is not worse, capturing just about a meter lawn. And if you buy more and aerator attachment, your lawn will get extra food and oxygen to grow thicker.
With nozzle "lawn rake" can collect the grass clippings while proshevelivat soil to give more oxygen available to the roots
A useful supplement may be called chopper, which grind the whole garden waste for composting bookmark.
Chopper can be used to create green compost from vegetable waste and grind cut branches of trees and shrubs
For watering the garden and flower beds for walk-behind tractor motor pump is connected.
In winter, walk-behind too, will not be idle. It turns into a snow machines, thanks to a special device:
- brushes that scrub the track from a soft, but snowfall;
- snow shovel with a knife that cuts and removes the packed snow;
- snegosbrasyvatelyu that rake blades snow to a depth of about 20 cm and throws it off the track.
Here's how it looks:
For a complete happiness holder motoblock necessaryand buy another trailer. Then we could proudly sit on their own equipment and travel around the garden, picking up litter, cut branches or hydrating manure, fertilizers, bags of potatoes and so on. With the trailer, you can even bring bags of cement from the nearest hardware store or gather stones on the roadside fields for the erection of the fence. So you reduce the load on his back and arms, entrusting cargo transportation technology.
The trailer makes motoblock full mini-tractor, where you can sit and carry on a site different heavy loads
All of the above tips, except cultivatorand the wheels do not come with the motor-block complete. They are available separately, taking into account the power of technology. The more "silenok horse" in the unit, the more functions it can perform.
Determine which motoblock choose, take into account three aspects:
- any area of land it will have to handle;
- the type of soil on the site;
- the amount of work to be performed by machines.
Power tillers starts from 3.5 hpAnd ends 10 hp Stronger units are rare. When selecting power should focus on the amount of land that will have to handle.
- If the plot of 15 acres, it is sufficient to 3.5-4 "he was worth." In this case, the working width - 60 cm.
- For processing sections 20-30 acres are taking equipment with a capacity of 4.5-5 hp and a width of 80 cm.
- For half a hectare of land allotment is purchased model in a 6-7 hp and a width of 90 cm.
- For hectare or more - up to 10 hp and widths - meter.
- From the four acres of land to better handle the tractor, so as for the two-wheel tractor, and his host this volume is too heavy.
At the same time, keep in mind that fuel consumption will increase in proportion to productivity.
Soil plays an important role at the site ofselection of equipment. For heavy clay soils and the development of virgin lands slabomoschnye units are not suitable. Firstly, their capacity is not enough for shoveling this land, and the engine will operate with high congestion. Accordingly, and fly fast. Second, low-power equipment weighs less, and therefore will not provide in-depth capture soil and will slip when plowing.
- If the soil is light, it worked out, you can buy a model up to 70 kg. These tillers are 3, 5 - 6 hp;
- on clay soils effectively work units of 95 kg;
- for the development of virgin lands will need a mini-tractor in the 120-150 kg. And he must keep complete metal wheels, which are referred to as cleats.
Diesel tillers are known for faster speed, thus effectively crushed the soil, but the repair of petrol engines easier, and even in sub-zero temperatures on diesel will not go.
Lug or metal wheels, due to the blades tightly penetrate into the soil and do not allow to slip when walk-behind tractor plowing of virgin land and heavy
Before you choose a walk-behind tractor for the garden, it is necessary to study its structure to make sure that the model you can hang all the desired equipment.
- So, if you use the motor-block for transportation of goods, the equipment must have large pneumatic wheels (450 mm).
- For power nozzles (water pumps, snow throwers, lawn mowers) PTO required. There are models in which such nozzles have nowhere to hang.
- It must be a gasoline engine for winter use, and well-known company that the plants from the first time.
- A useful element is the electric starter, whereby behind tractor easier to start.
- adjustable arms;
- Unlocking the differential;
- Emergency handle for emergency stop.
If there is a choice between domestic andforeign technology, the cost is cheaper "native" units. Moreover, they are not as sensitive to the quality of fuel. But because of the poor quality of assembly components frequently require repair. In foreign manufacturers such problems are rare.