Shady corners in the garden on summer days, often become a favorite vacation spot where you can sit, sheltered from the scorching sun and enjoy the spectacular picture of nature. But how to improve this area and what to plant in the flowerbed in the shade? Because not all plants are able to calmly tolerate the shade created by the trees. To turn the shaded area in the exquisite flower garden or a gorgeous border you can use shade-tolerant plants: bulbs, perennials and shrubs.
The opacity of the plot is determined by the duration and intensity of sunlight. The lighting zone, in turn, depends on the duration of daylight, sun’s height and the presence of trees, the crowns which provide shade.
Choosing shade-loving plants for flower beds, you should consider the degree of opacity of the site and its soil composition
To the shaded areas include areas that are illuminated by daylight for three hours, and the rest have only limited illumination.
Under fairly dense shade created by the canopy of old shady trees or the walls of the North side of the building to be decorative such plants: European wild ginger, Tarka serdtselistnaya, Solomon’s seal and elecampane magnificent
The deep shadow creates a dense crown of spruce. Under its canopy comfortably placed stonecrop pobedonosnaya or gentle with arisaema, the flowers of which resemble elegant glasses.
In the conditions of dense shade and creates a special microclimate, which is characterized by high humidity and soil. Such conditions are favorable for the formation of flower beds in the shade, which is based on astilba, geranium, hellebore, Volzhanka, anemone Asherah.
On very moist soils grow rapidly hosts, species diversity of which amounts to several thousands.
These amazing plants attract attention by its beauty of foliage with a rich palette of colors ranging from pale green and blue shades and finishing with a deep yellow with white patches
Center shade flower beds can be extraordinarily beautiful graceful ferns: chistos stately, trusnik and male fern.
As for shade-loving conifers, we include the ornamental varieties of juniper, canadian Hemlock and Norway spruce.
A lighter shade creating trees with delicate foliage: Prunus, acacia, cherry, aspen, pine… Some trees such as birch and cherry, creating a diffuse shadow, much dry the soil in the radius of the crown. This should be considered as the most shade-tolerant plants water-loving by nature.
Dry shade prefer broadleaf Solomon’s seal, Vinca, Epimedium, anemone forest. In areas with dry shade are best planted in the spring of Primula, saxifrage, comfrey, grass.
In areas where the sun is from 3 to 5 hours a day you can plant flowering lupines and daylilies
In semidarkness sites feel herbs: peppermint, pink Radiola, tarragon, lemon balm. Not picky about sunlight and: pomocnik spring, pulmonaria, sweet Woodruff.
Due to the fact that these areas receive more sunlight, the choice of plants to fill them widened considerably. For the decoration of the flower garden you can use the species peonies: Marin root, Caucasian, Wittmann.
Under the canopy of pine trees comfortably accommodate Lily of the valley, barvinky, repucci and violets, which prefer to grow on sandy loam and sandy soils
Among the shade-tolerant trees and shrubs include cypress gorokhovoy, Western thuja, Korean fir, juniper Cossack, and a hydrangea tree, the elderberry, and dogwood white. Among the vines for growing in the shade are well suited drevogubets rotundifolia and Actinidia kolomikta.
Many of them are attractive from the point of view of landscape design is an unusual form of sheet plates or the original shape of the Bush. Such plants include: pachysandra, host, ivy, periwinkle. «The highlight» other shade-tolerant plants are colorful berries, for example, or Wintergreen cotoneaster.
But the plants showed your beauty to the fullest, you must take care of appropriate conditions for cultivation. Dense clay soil is not the best option for decorating the flower garden.
Shade-tolerant plants do not have bright beauty. Their main advantage – colorful foliage, which retains the decorative throughout the season
Thrive plant in fertile, enriched with mineral and organic fertilizers, loose soil
If the area is dominated by clay and loam soils, improve their structure by the introduction of peat and sand. To enrich a sandy soil, you can optionally add humus or fertile clayey soil.
A characteristic feature of the flower beds formed from shade-tolerant plants, is a contrasting combination of forms and colors of leaves.
So when choosing plants for the flower garden, you should pay attention to the shape of their leaves, because with their help you can make a floral arrangement truly unique and original.
Shade beds, like any plant composition, formed with regard to the principles of stacked, when the foreground is occupied low-growing plants, and the middle and back — taller specimens and trees
If the flower beds have a Central place in the shaded area, then the tallest plants are placed in the middle of the track, and as the distance from it decreases the growth of flowers.
With this method of arrangement of plants are not close to each other, and the composition looks impressive from all sides.
Give the original flower by alternating plants with foliage, decorated with horizontal and vertical lines. For example: a good combination of creating planted next to the garden geranium, or digitalis on the background of colorful variegated.
Fill the empty space in the plant composition is always possible with the help of plants in pots. Containers with plants it is convenient to rearrange, changing the composition and achieving the desired effect.
We offer you to watch this video compilation «all about plants for shady places»: