Almost every country site you can see the lawn the lawn. It serves also as a family vacation spot, and part of the overall composition of the landscape. When the grass is still only planned, in dreams I see thick smooth grass that covers the ground evenly and creates a sense of green carpet. In fact it turns out differently. Inexperienced gardeners the grass can Shine with bare spots, weeds, the edges do not have grass cover and so Often this is the fault of a bad sowing. The grass could be sown at the wrong time, the uneven layer, without preliminary preparation of land, etc. will Figure out what mistakes often make gardeners at the stage of planting and how to plant lawn grass that has taken root and formed a good sod.
The most frequently asked question by farmers: how thickly to sow grass for the lawn and how to do it better. Let’s start with the density of crops.
The first criterion of a healthy lawn is a properly selected mixture of herbs. Now sell both domestic and imported turf seed mixtures, and often high price does not guarantee great germination. Grass should match the climate of your area. More about this we wrote in the article «Grass for planting a lawn», so the question here lower.
Each package shows the recommended amount of seed per square meter, but in this case it is necessary to take into account the time of year during which you create the lawn. For example, when autumn sowing adhere to the manufacturer’s recommendations. But in the spring and summer to normal add at least half, increasing the consumption of seeds. During spring floods and snow melt part of the seeds will go deep into the earth or washed away with water and will not germinate. Summer give more seeds in the calculation of the heat which has a detrimental effect on young sprouts and is able to mow up to half of the seedlings, if not to take some action (more on this later).
The degree of density of sowing also affects the location of the lawn. On Goroshko, specially made rough, or lawns that go on an incline, you should add a little more seed than recommended by the packaging. The top point of the future of the lawn seeds will be washed away with the water in the lower places in heavy rain, if it gets to the time of sowing.
Now let’s find out how to plant lawn grass. If the norm on sq you have decided, the second step is to sprinkle the grass evenly, not to get in one place for too dense germination and the second «lysyn».
When sowing lawn space near the edge of the lawn, flower beds or paths sifted thicker than all the others. If you do drill, then pass 2 times
The easiest way to do this using seeders, which itself lay the mixture on the grass with perfect uniformity. But if such a device neither you nor your friends no, it is not necessary for the sake of lawns to buy it. You can sprinkle evenly with your hands. To do this, dilute the seeds with fine sand 1:1, i.e. if the consumption of grass per meter – 50 gr., then it is necessary to add 50 grams. sand.
Some gardeners create a homemade planter made from metal or plastic cans, piercing the bottom with a hot nail and creating a plurality of holes
If the lawn area is large, prepare a sand-seed mixture for the entire lawn. Sow, as of old bread: first, along the prepared field, then forwards. After this, carefully loosen the soil with a rake to bury the grass under the layer of the earth, and rolled using a heavy roller. If there is no rink – put on skis and walk them across the lawn, pritoptyvaya meter by meter. Passers-by you, of course, will surprise with its unusual appearance in shorts and skis, but the lawn will be compacted as necessary.
If you sow the lawn not the forum, and make a narrow strip, it is possible for the ramming to take a wide Board, lay flat on the ground and stomp on it. Then pass on to the next part of the lawn. Etc.
If in your Arsenal, there are only a heavy metal rake, it is better to move the soil first and then sow in it the seeds of lawn grasses
Rake the seeds fan rakes that collect grass clippings. If you have none, then a wide metal or plastic models can be too deep to rake in the seeds or to pull in a heap. And your germination will be uneven. In the absence of a fan rake sow a little differently: first, loosen the soil with a rake, then scatter the grass and immediately rolled down. The rink itself is giving the seeds to the desired depth and maintain a uniform stand.
Any cottager knows that the friendly and quick germination is obtained only when the soil is moist and no heat. So before you plant grass in the country into the ground, view the weather forecast for the week. If weather forecasters predict +25 and above – leave the seeds alone. They will still germinate poorly. Wait until the weather becomes rainy. Water and degree of land lowers, and accelerates the swelling of the seeds. In spring and autumn the weather for such a long time to wait, but in the summer the wait can stretch for a month and a half.
Those who can’t wait, suggest to spend a summer sowing in the following way:
- Wait for the evening time (after 19.00 hrs.).
- To shed all the soil method of irrigation to wet to a depth of not less than 40 cm.
- To wait 1.5-2 hours to soak up water.
- To disperse seeds.
- Loosen the soil with a fan rake.
- Roll or tamp boards.
- Mulch with peat, humus (layer – half centimeter).
- To leave for the night. Morning to shed again.
If the area of the lawn is small, you can instead of mulch spread non-woven material and the edges to press it with boards, bricks or stones. Under a white spunbond heat will not be as part of the sun’s rays beat off back light color fabric. Sheltering will save the seeds from drying out and keep the air mode. Daily watering of the lawn is carried out directly at ukryvnogo material which freely will miss the moisture inside. Remove shelter when the grass will grow at 2-3 cm, or when changing the hot weather on a normal.
The roller rolled down the ground before mulching, but not after that peat layer is not pressed on the grass, and just covered her from the hot sun
If you sow grass for the winter, on slightly frozen soil, then the spring seeds will be stratification and germinate very early
Some of the wisdom of the seeding process can be found in the video:
To achieve good germination, consider the following details:
- Until sowing, the ground should stand for at least 2 weeks to ass ground.
- Early spring grass rises about 20 days in summer 7-8, fall – about 10 days.
- The closer to autumn is the lawn, the less weeds will sprout along with the grass.
- If the land on the site is good, not perekapyvayut area deeply. Just flip the top layer and clear it of weeds. So it will be easier to achieve a smooth surface, because the soil will not shrink.
- If you divide the lawn area in to squares, and planted with normal seeds each part separately, to achieve the same density will be.
- First week of watering is done by hand, a garden watering can with spray. Hose is too hard on earth, why in dry weather a crust. And if you put in an automatic sprinkler, it is more difficult to control uniformly have mochilas soil.
- Always buy seeds with a good margin, because in a weak germination you will have to sow the empty space, and if grass will not remain, to buy exactly such a mixture is not always possible. In the end your lawn will be different shades of color.
- Do not go overboard with fertilizers. If the street is above 30°, the soil is not necessary, otherwise you will burn the roots.
The British believe that even with the most careful planting and care of grass create a perfect even coverage only after 5 years. So don’t worry if your lawn is in the first year will not meet expectations. Any plant needs enough time to enter into force. A person can only accelerate this process good care, timely watering and fertilizing.