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Covering material from weeds: an overview of the types of coatings + the specifics of their application

Covering material from weeds: an overview of the types of coatings + the specifics of their application

Rare summer visitor, or prevent the growth of weeds on your plot. Experienced growers and gardeners know that a weed with no problems, and hurt – a lot. The weeds take the nourishment and moisture from the crops they grow, releasing toxic substances into the ground. To get rid of «uninvited guests» on the site trying all the gardeners, weeding the garden and flower beds throughout the summer period. However, the weeds did not give up and reappear after each weeding. It is especially hard to deal with perennial weeds that reproduce by rhizomes, creeping shoots or root suckers stacked. Earlier this «infection» were taken from the site with black polyethylene film, cardboard sheets, old flooring and other materials, not allowing in natural light. Now manufacturers of goods intended for garden work, offer vacationers to use a nonwoven covering material from weeds, capable of transmitting air and water, but retains the sun’s rays.

The contents

The kinds of non-woven covering materials

Nonwovens are produced not only to control weeds but also to protect plants from the return of frost and excessive heat of the sun. Therefore, when choosing a material it is necessary to pay attention to the recommendations of the manufacturer. Covering material from weed sold on the market under different names such as:

  • «Agril»;
  • «Spunbond»;
  • «Have lutrasil»;
  • «Agril»;
  • «Agroteks»;
  • «Lyumiteks»;
  • «Agrosan» etc.

Regardless of the name of all non-woven sealing materials manufacturers are divided into four groups:

  • easy;
  • medium;
  • white solid;
  • black tight.

Each group is endowed with a certain set of properties and characteristics that affect how the use of this covering fabric. For example, light surfaces having a low density, cover the beds to protect the seedlings from frost. Growing seedlings raise a weightless material with their tops, while remaining in the shelter from the adverse manifestations of climate. In the fight against weeds help a nonwoven fabric of the fourth group, which have the highest density and have a black color. Thanks to the dark color of the material retains the sun’s light, great accumulating the heat. These properties determine the main purpose of the use of non-woven material consisting of mulching the beds.

Non-woven sealing materials have unique qualities allowing to control the growth of weeds and to ensure the free penetration of moisture and air to the root system of plants

How to use covering material?

Mulch agrotextile relates to non-woven polypropylene materials which do not have any harm for cultivated plants, nor animals, nor people. The agrotextile did not give any chance to the weeds that are dying from lack of light, trying to get through the dense material. The density of mulch covering materials is 50-60 grams per square meter.

The scheme of using non-woven covering material from weeds

The scheme of using non-woven covering material from weeds. In openings with a sharp stake planted crops. The weeds will die because they are not available in sunlight

Method of use is as follows:

  • for dried up after the winter and prepared for planting soil is spread agrotextile black color to prevent weed germination over the entire area of the patch;
  • seedlings are planted in a cross slot made in ukryvnoy the canvas with a sharp stick or sharp object.

The video shows how to use a nonwoven covering material on the example of growing strawberries:

Black agrotextile, or two-tone material?

Gardeners, like farmers fruit and vegetable products on a large scale, shall be exempt from the need to purchase and application of herbicides against weeds. Also they don’t have to disappear in suburban areas with hoes, spending a lot of physical effort and time to weed. Weed simply does not. A row grow a useful culture.

Besides fruits remain clean after the rains, as they are not in contact with the ground. The strawberries are grown on ridges, covered with agrotextile, you can collect after rain. The berries are dry on the canvas and have a lovely presentation. They can bring to the table slightly until warm to touch from dust, or to bring to the market for sale. Using agrotextile mulching black color, it is possible to achieve earlier ripening. To shorten the period of cultivation of up to two weeks is possible due to the early warming of the earth under the shelter.

The use of mulch agrovolan eliminates a large amount of work to care for plantings

The use of mulch agrovolan eliminates a large amount of work to care for the plantings in the garden, since it eliminates the need for weeding the garden beds

The range of coverings there was an interesting novelty – two-tone mulch agrotextile, superior to the conventional functionality of the canvas black. The manufacturer has improved the production by combining two thin layers of white and black. In the end, with one side covering material is black and the other white. The dark side of the fabric is laid on the ground, and the light surface is on top and reflects the sunlight that falls on the plants and the fruit from below, accelerating their growth and aging.

Important! White surface mulch two-tone agrovolan does not overheat the root system, which affects the rate of growth of cultivated area of crops and uniformity of fruit ripening.

Agricultural fiber or film: which is more profitable?

Most farmers and gardeners «the old fashioned way» continue to use for weed control black plastic sheeting. However, cheaper apply mulch agrotextile, as this material:

  • perfectly passes water, so watering can be arranged by top irrigation.
  • allows you to easily make water-soluble fertilizers, which passing through the cloth fully absorbed by the plants;
  • under agrotextile, air-permeable, it will not mildew and rot, what can be said about plastic film;
  • does not create a favourable environment for the development of germs that afflict the root system of plants;
  • protects the soil from drying out, making the soil the top layer of soil is not compacted and, therefore, needs no cultivation;
  • prevents the growth of weeds between rows, reduces labor costs.

Most of today mulching materials designed for service within a few seasons. For example, a mulch covering material from weed company Agrolyuks may be in the area from one year to three years or more.

When growing strawberries or strawberries is beneficial, since after a certain interval of time of planting need to be updated. At this point changing and covering material, because the resource of the old leaf is produced completely. Duration of service covering cloth depends on the presence in its composition of UV stabilizer that protects the nonwoven fabric from the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation.

Growing tomatoes on the site

Soil mulching with non-woven fabric materials in black color allows you to grow tomatoes in the garden without much hassle and physical effort

The use of nonwoven material in the device tracks

Below lanes, paved garden, has always had a neat appearance, you must use a mulch covering material. This cloth will prevent the germination of weeds between the individual elements of the track. As non-woven fabric capable of passing water, the puddles on the track after the rain you will not find. All the moisture will be absorbed into the soil through the mulch material. After dredging the bottom of the trench leveled and tamped. Then spread spunbond, agrosan or another inexpensive form of covering material, filling it with gravel, bark, expanded clay, decorative stone, or simple gravel. Similarly make out tree trunks circles of fruit trees.

Correct execution tree trunks round fruit tree

Correct execution tree trunks round fruit tree. The grass broke from under the layer of gravel, it is necessary to use a mulching non-woven material

Everywhere where there is the germination of unwanted grass, it is necessary to lay the nonwoven covering material in black. This will allow to solve the problem of weeds once and for all. Competent use of non-woven covering canvases increases the attractiveness of the site.

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