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Ornamental conifers: the rules of group and solitary planting in the garden

Ornamental conifers: the rules of group and solitary planting in the garden

Ornamental conifers – some of the best plants for landscaping. Today, there are a number of variations, which be surprised by the variety of colors of needles and shape of the crowns. With a combination of conifers, you can create very effective compositions. Combination of shade-loving and light-loving conifers provide an opportunity to grow a well-groomed, beautiful, original and neat garden. In addition, coniferous plants produce phytoncides, killing harmful bacteria and making the air more clean and fresh. Most conifers are hardy to cold, so they will delight you all year round, whatever the weather.

The contents

With the help of these evergreen beauties can be issued and a small part of the garden e.g. rockery or a large area. Natural and man-made terrain, they look very attractive. Even the most unsightly, shapeless station, they will help to convert in a wonderful place.

Conifers, growing well in middle zone of Russia: arborvitae, yew, fir (balsam, Korean), spruce (blue, ordinary, canadian), larch, cedar and juniper (Cossack, common, horizontal, Chinese).

The features of the soliternyh planting

The beauty of the plant seen in its entirety, if its growth is not obstructed. This can be achieved with single (solitary) planting with a sufficient amount of sunlight. Solitary planting allows the tree to stretch in search of the sun, as is the case in the shade, and to form the luxury crown.

A tree in a single landing is the center of the composition, so the specimen must have outstanding ornamental qualities.


Decorative pine tree in soliternyh landing on the turn track. Wonderful composition, complemented by boulders and a carpet of flowers

The amount of space occupied by the composition should correlate with the size of the plant. In a small clearing and the tree should be of proper size, the same can be said about a large plot for a single landing.

In the garden plots a small square, which we have a majority, a good option would be standard culture (imitation of a small tree), or low tree, a beautiful shrub.

When planting the specimen should take into account two features:

  •  best tree or shrub looks on the manicured lawn;
  •  to take into account should background background is to use plants of different varieties, species.

The specimen should be ideally suited to the climatic conditions in which it will grow, because the composition is created not for one year.
From solitary conifers for planting are well suited Siberian larch, Siberian pine, Norway spruce, blue spruce, Scotch pine, Hemlock.
For small compositions in the garden – juniper (virgin and ordinary), conical variety of the spruce and arborvitae, boxwood, yew.

spiral boxwood

Boxwood spiral, and in the winter looks good. With the onset of spring, remove dead stems and branches affected by sunburn

For rockeries, mini-garden you can use the dwarf mountain pine, canadian spruce or Western thuja. You can use the garden elements of the regular style trees with the correct shape of the crown in the form of a ball, spirals, pyramids, the background from a geometrically correct rectangular or spherical hedges.

How to make a group planting?

Group planting of trees and shrubs capable of solving interesting problems:

  •  to effectively fill open space – lawn, meadow, lawn, local area;
  •  to create a green background, which will enliven the atmosphere in the garden, hide the unpresentable buildings;
  •  to hide, to decorate unsightly trunk of a tall tree.

Mass planting of conifers can be delicate or heavy. One of the major properties of plants, planted by a group – a colorful, picturesque.
You can use plants of the same or of different kinds, with the pine needles of the same color or hue or needles with contrasting colors (e.g., dark green and blue).

Composition with blue spruce

Blue spruce enlivens this group fit, standing out against the emerald green lawn, the hedge of dwarf spruce and TUI

The hedge of TUI or juniper would be a great background for the specimen (deciduous or coniferous tree, or ornamental shrubs). A group of coniferous plants always attracts the attention of observers – it can be placed at the intersection of paths, at the entrance to the house asymmetrically on the lawn or in the center.

The most common contiguous planting of conifers (fruit), loose fit and extended compositions.

Boxwood, long linear fit

Boxwood, long linear fit. The composition allows plants to demonstrate their beauty. Care nothing prevents the deep green sets off the background of blue spruce adult

Some of the features of group planting, which will help you to create a simple and beautiful composition:

  •  the outlines of the landing should be clear, and the border is smooth, so it will look natural;
  •  for a group planting is to use an odd number of plants, the fewer plants, the more they will need;
  •  when planting a mixed group, consider the growth of each plant;
  •  should take into account the biological compatibility of plants in a mixed planting, not only their decorative quality.

One of the advantages of conifers is their neat appearance, but the dry leaves, dead or injured from burns twigs, weeds always need to remove.

Dwarf pine

Mass planting of dwarf pine and in the winter retains its decorative, endures cold and windy weather. And in the summer on a background of fresh turf, the young shoots of pines will sparkle with bright colors

The magic dwarf and pyramidal conifers

If the site you have a small note on the dwarf varieties of conifers. They seem designed for decorating small areas.

  • blue spruce resembles a fluffy bluish-green ball, growing slowly, and has excellent decorative qualities;
  • spruce – a kind of dwarf tree with drooping foliage, any composition looks very original;
  • creeping ordinary spruce – a great way to decorate the shore, rock garden, slopes;
  • fir Nan is a plant that is impossible to ignore: and in group planting and as a specimen in a clearing or at the track it looks like a living decoration in the garden;
  • stunted (dwarf) larch – beauty with drooping foliage, good in a single landing and surrounded by flowering plants. Such a bright spot of color will be a constant source of positivity in your garden.
Blue spruce and Norway spruce

Blue spruce and Norway spruce — a wonderful dwarf trees, in which the color and form of the needles, and crown attract attention. Even on a small lawn or in the rock garden will create a special atmosphere

Dwarf creeping spruce and fir Nan

Dwarf creeping spruce and fir Nan suitable for single and group plantings, good companies with any plants other conifers, deciduous, flowering

dwarf larch

In fashion are not only things, but also plants. Today dwarf larch is one of the most fashionable ornamental plants. Drooping foliage, fine twigs with a delicate pattern of pine needles distinctive in themselves and beautiful in any composition. Likes Sunny areas

It is also possible to use a pyramidal conifers, it is mainly a species of thuja. Plants of pyramidal shapes are often used in garden architecture, they make a great hedge, it is also a beautiful living decor for the main entrance to the house or for driveways.

Pyramidal arborvitae

Park or garden in the winter, beautiful in its own way, especially if used in planting conifers, whose greenery contrasts with the white snow carpet

Bold composition may be a combination of conifers and deciduous shrubs with bright flowers (hydrangeas, garden roses, lilac). It may seem that this combination would look disharmonious, but it is not. The fragility of the flowers and the evergreen conifers in the company look extraordinary, creating an amazing combination of colors.

dwarf spruce and flowers

Dwarf spruce in the company of flowers does not look accidental visitor, on the contrary, makes the composition more natural and original

The use of decorative conifers in landscape architecture opens wide possibilities for creating a wide variety of compositions. They can look as natural as possible, as if you suddenly ended up in a cozy corner of the forest or on the mountain slopes, can enhance the beauty of the garden areas – rockeries, water zone, to form facade composition, etc..

The great variety of types, which can be purchased in nurseries and specialty stores, the needles are surprisingly rich hues.

Arrangement of conifers

It seems that when you create this beautiful song used all varieties of ornamental conifers, with possible hints of pine needles. While no plant is out of the General harmony, finding their place between the decorative boulders

Golden, gray-blue, pale green, juicy green tone can be used in various combinations, creating amazing outdoor ensembles. Dealing with the arrangement of your garden, be sure to pay attention to the decorative conifers. Stopping them on your choice, you will thank these wonderful plants are undemanding and will be fascinated by their beauty at any time of the year.

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