When the suburban area was used solely for garden work, could be reconciled with that water or have to carry from the source, or it is fed centrally in the days determined by the Board of a horticultural society. Today, parts are being built cottages, whose owners spend not only summer but also winter. In such circumstances, the water in the country of the well or wells is becoming a pressing need. The water in the house should go around the clock and be clean: it affects the health of all family members.
The water well is the main advantage of the choice of source of water supply. If your site already has this building, it will certainly be used. If the source still needs to be done, it is important factor is the depth of the water in a particular area.
The well is a wonderful source of water: keeping water on the land will always be, if there is a bucket, and to work well the availability of electricity is a prerequisite
If the depth of drinking water allows you to build a well, its advantages become apparent:
- In the presence of a well do not worry that during a power outage water at the site will not. If the water is in itself, then retrieve it easily and manually.
- Well water usually contains fewer undesired iron impurities that are often present in the borehole. And it is not in the well casing, which may be of plastic, and as water reservoirs. Of course, the one and the other water is better to clean the filters so that impurities did not cause harm to the health.
- Water-bearing channels can silt up toward or zapisatsa. If such trouble occurs with a well, clean it the owner will be able to independently: it requires only a bucket and shovel. As for wells, it will initially have to find out why the water stopped flowing, then you will need to find professionals who can this cause to eliminate.
- During operation of the well is more convenient to use a submersible pump. Here it does not get stuck. To repair or replace the solenoid valve with country water supply from well, much simpler than similar work at the source in the form of wells. The solenoid valve is disconnected, then the pump can be lifted to the surface by means of a cable. For the same work at the borehole option to disassemble the sealed head, which not to everyone under force.
- The pipe is in the well has a small volume, for this reason, water in the preservation process, and goes into the hole, and into the Sewerage network. If you are using a well, water gets in. And to build and to preserve the water coming from the well to the house, easier.
In some regions the drilling of the well will have to get special permission, and all sorts of the negotiation procedure greatly complicate the process of work.
Depending on in what area is the well, its water-bearing channels can silt up toward or zapesochnaya, then it is easy to clean
Well fits perfectly into any landscape and becomes a decorative element, but it retains its unchanged functionality
Indirect but undoubted advantage of any well – its appearance. If you want, you can beat the presence, making it visible and attractive element that can be the highlight of the landscape design of the plot.
Thinking about how to make water from the well, gardeners-handymen are waiting for dry warm days when we can proceed to the practical realization of their own ideas.
Not to be a situation where the result does not correspond to what was intended, you need all their own ideas to bring in a comprehensive scheme of water supply from the well. In this scheme, initially, should be taken into account all the components: pump, pipe, accumulator, relay, filters, boiler, air reservoirs and points of water consumption. All the elements of future structures should be identified, and ways of laying pipes around the house are marked. Well, if the scheme is made in compliance with a certain scale. Then it will immediately become clear how much and what material and components must be purchased.
Manifold wiring supply allows to maintain the optimal pressure in the pipes, no matter how much water intake points will be used at the same time
The pipes can be routed in two ways, to the point of consumption was connected:
- Consistently. This option is suitable for owners of small houses, which is constantly doing 1-2 people. The water passes around the house through the main pipeline. Opposite the points of consumption mounted in the tee with a tap. If several users want to use water at the same time, due to the low pressure in the network that would be problematic.
- Manifold way. To each point of consumption from the manifold has its own pipe. Each point will be almost equal to the water pressure. Losses that will arise because of the remoteness of the pumping stations, are inevitable, but they are not so important.
The second option will cost more because of the larger number of pipes necessary for its implementation, but the result is worth the effort and cost. Select the collector circuit, which further will be discussed.
For the device of water from the well often choose a submersible pump. The choice in favor of a pump of this kind do due to the fact that his work proceeds without noise. The pump is placed under water, which is a natural shumoizolyatory, and the sound of the equipment on the surface does not penetrate.
Submersible pump must be placed in the well at a distance of approximately 0.8 m from the bottom, it works completely silently, because is under water
When using the submersible pump easier happens and the procedure for preservation, if the need arises. Water from the system can be completely drained after the opening of the drain solenoid valve. If the water system uses a surface pump, it is necessary to drain the water from the pump body. Subsequent running surface pump again to fill with water.
A submersible pump is not less than 0.8 meters from the bottom of the structure. The drain valve system needs to be at the height of more than 3 metres, measured from the surface of the earth. So that through this valve the water from the system can be lowered, the underground part of the pipeline is also laid with a slope to the source.
For laying pipes it is necessary to dig the trench. The depth of the trenches depends entirely on how they plan to exploit the country water. If the water is only required during the warm period from late spring to early autumn, the trenches 1 meter deep.
If the operation of the water supply will not be discontinued during the winter period, to be laid it should be at a depth that would be below the level of soil freezing. For the middle band the depth of the trench at the entrance to the source of water should be about 2 meters from the surface of the earth.
When building a new home pipe is easier to lay under the Foundation. If this is not possible, and access to the cellar is not available, use method and the surface of the strip. In both cases, you can do so that the operation of the water supply system will be possible in a period of significant cold. That portion of the pipe, which is located in the cold zone is placed the heating cable. In this part of the pipeline is maintained, positive water temperature that does not allow the system to freeze.
During installation country system of water supply in the house you need to create a slope towards the feeding pipe, because in the process of conservation it will be the drain. The structure of the scheme of water supply in the house, included the accumulator, which plays a stabilizing role in the system. Thanks to him, kompensiruet drops, which are formed when the start and stop of the pump.
The legend of circuits: 1 cable heating; 2,9,10,18,19,21,22,25,26 — shut-off valve; 3,11,23,24 — drain; 4-a sump; 5-pressure switch; 6-hydraulic accumulator;7-relay dry running; 8-coal filters; 12-heater; 15-filter degreasing; 13,14,16,17,20,27 point of consumption; 28-valve
The system must be maintained a constant pressure in the range of 2.5-4 ATM. A maintenance responsibility of the pressure switch, which must be included in the water system. The function of a kind of guard performs a different relay – dry running. It is used in case of water in the well not too much. In the fall of the water level to the point where the continuation of normal system operation is impossible, this relay turns off the pump, avoiding of an emergency.
After the accumulator it is possible to provide a tee, equipped with a locking mechanism which will divide the water by referring to the technical and potable water. The last to be cleaned in the filter system. Another tee will divide the stream into cold and hot water. Pipe for cold water is connected to the manifold with shutoff valves on the lines of consumption. Work for hot water brings the water to the heater, after which it will be distributed through the manifold around the house.
Plumbing in a private house – affordable luxury, you can afford a, if you show ingenuity, patience, hard work and efficiency
The plumbing in the house makes life much easier cottagers in the warm season and the cold months of its availability becomes a pressing need.