Artificial ponds in the garden can not only perform a decorative function, being a striking piece of design, but bring a good benefit. Breeding fish in artificial ponds – a fascinating occupation that allows you to diversify leisure and to grow organic fish. Deciding to create a pond for fish farming with the aim of realization of a dream about fishing in their own country need to organize everything. About this today and we say.
Ideal for relaxation and water sports, fishing is the location of the site near the existing reservoir. In the absence of opportunities to enjoy the bounty of nature, the owners of the household plots can always create a DIY pond for fish farming.
Among the most picky in the care of fish can be safely attributed and crucian carp. These undemanding species well adapted to life in stagnant and even quite small ponds
Carp – fish is perfectly co-exist in a small enough space. As practice shows, the carp in small ponds is increasing a lot faster than in large ponds. This is because in a small area, the fish spends less energy on finding food. The pond was small in size and convenient for the owner because of a small pond easier to maintain.
Dimensions of the pit can vary depending on the preferences and abilities of the owner of the site
A small pond can hold up to two dozen crucians and a few carp of medium size. The average is taken for 1 cube of water 10 to 20 fish.
For breeding carp and carp will suit home pond, having a size of 4×6 meters, with water depth from 0.8 to 1.5 meters. The main advantage of this size of the pond is fast enough progrevaemost water in summer to a temperature of 24-26 degrees, which is the most favorable for the life of these species. Lowering the temperature in the reservoir up to 12 degrees can result in a decrease in feeding intensity and growth activity in fish. Increasing the temperature more than 30 degrees also leads to a reduction in the activity of the life processes of carp and carp.
Keeping and breeding fish in artificial ponds begins with the preparation of the pit for the pond. Having defined the future size of the pond and dug out a pit should be leveled and compacted ground surface. The bottom of the future reservoir, it is desirable to cement.
Alternative budget option may be the use of thick polyethylene film for laying out the bottom
With careful use of film quite a solid Foundation can last more than one season. Laying on the bottom of the pit pre-glued inner tubes from trucks – is also quite common variant that does not require large financial expenditures.
Wanting to breed in the pond besides the fish still crayfish, on the bottom of the reservoir can be laid broken pots, tubes and different sizes of stones. Such «caches» allow crayfish to escape from the fish during molting.
Coast of the reservoir can be planted moisture-loving plants such as reeds and willow
Fill the pond can be as a well, spring or artesian and ordinary tap water. No matter which water filled the pond to start fishing in the first days in almost «sterile» water should not hurry. Water needs a good warm up in the sun to settle and acquire microorganisms. In other words the water should be «live». To accelerate the process of enrichment of water microflora will help a couple of buckets «live» water transferred from colonized pond, and a bunch of withered grass, lowered to the bottom of a new pond.
The acidity in the pond should vary in the range of 7-8 pH. Optimal for cultivation of fish is considered a neutral environment. Lowering the acidity to pH 5 adversely for the life of the carp and carp. To raise the acidity in the pond is possible by making the portions of limestone or soda solution. To determine the average level of acidity of the water should perform the measurements in several places around the perimeter of the pond. However, note that the speed of a chemical reaction between substances depends on factors such as intensity of solar rays. Direct sunlight greatly speeds up the process.
Sometimes, even the use of additives can only give short-term effect.
If the acidity even under the influence of substances over time is decreasing, you should look for that cause that causes the development of such an environment
No less important, the start condition of the fish in the pond is the optimum temperature. It is very important that the temperature of the tank with the fish and the pond was exactly the same.
The process of equalizing the water temperature of the tank with the fish with the temperature inside the reservoir will reduce the risk of fish temperature shock that can cause death even in adults for the first night.
After the preparatory work, you can release the fish. Some secrets are correct zapuskaniya fish in the pond, is presented in the video:
Breeding of fish in artificial ponds provides feeding to significantly improve weight gain. Because carp are omnivorous, feeding the fish it is possible to use feed intended for poultry and pigs.
Fish with pleasure absorbs and natural resources of the pond: earthworms, insects
The bulk of loose feed must be paid in the form of porridge or thick dough that is formed by mixing feed with water in the bucket. Replacement feed can serve as grain legumes and cereals, which are steamed swollen form.
The ratio of the volume of the grain feed to mass of fish should not exceed 3-5%. Organizing feeding fish it is advisable to stick to a certain schedule. Feed the fish at the same time, 1-2 times a day at designated area. Setting a place to feed, it is possible to prepare a table-tray, which is easily lowered and gets out of the water. Application «feeders» allows you to control the presence of residues of uneaten feed, acidification of which can spoil the water. To develop individuals of the conditioned reflex, encouraging fish to feed, you can use the bell.