Highlighting the facade of the house is a popular trend in the field of lighting design. The task of architectural lighting is to highlight the uniqueness of the structure and beauty of the architectural object. Highlighting allows you distinguish the silhouette of the building against other buildings, thus emphasizing the status of home owners. But in addition to the aesthetic feature lighting house facade also provides comfortable conditions for accommodation and rest in the dark.
Organizing the lighting of facades to create an artistic image, designers use several lighting options.
General flood lighting allows you to show the architectural intent of the creators and effectively to accentuate the style characteristics of the building. It is used to illuminate the stone or concrete Central iconic buildings and historical monuments. Lighting devices are placed on the roofs of nearby buildings or set on the ground.
Flood light create using bulky, but malopodvalna floodlights, which are installed around the perimeter of the building
But flood lighting only works in combination with directional light, the purpose of which is to highlight the most interesting details and «highlights» buildings. The directional light created with the help of devices of smaller size and weaker power, which are mounted on special supports on the perimeter of the building.
This type of illumination is used for point selection of the most striking architectural elements of buildings: elevation, columns, plates.
With the help of local lighting at the facade of the building, you can create these luminous masterpieces that seamlessly connects with the lighting of garden paths, individual plants and other decorations local area
In lighting design there are three types of hidden and local lighting:
- Silhouette – creates an expressive shape, not detailing the individual elements.
- Contour – gives the building a soft glow. For this purpose, the contour of the facade is attached neon and led strip.
- Tsvetodinamika – combined version of the backlight, which you can use to change the intensity, color palette, and beat effects light shadows.
That’s how it looks:
Concealed lighting is designed to create a unique light pattern, giving the geometry of the building is unusual visual effect, and subtly showing off the beauty of the architectural lines
Projecting facade lighting in a private house, the owner solves two problems at once – provides decorative buildings and creates conditions for comfortable and safe movement through the area in the dark.
Proper placement of lighting will enable to disguise minor flaws and shortcomings of the buildings, emphasize its uniqueness and originality
Whatever the exterior, with the right play on light, it becomes bright and at the same time mysterious, modern but with a touch of the middle Ages.
To achieve the desired effect of the master light design offer two options:
- The easiest placement in the spotlights that powerful light will fill the building on all sides.
- Pinpoint placement of instruments on the facade, through which you can successfully highlight the advantages of architectural elements.
This should take into account that not all types of illumination used for the decoration of city buildings, suitable for lighting of private buildings. Example: flood lighting is not suitable for the reason that the light from the spotlights designed for high altitude, which is often lacking in private houses. In addition, flood lights will be directed at the Windows of the house, thereby delivering only the inconvenience its owners.
For lighting of building walls is better to use lamps of the type «down-light», where it is convenient to change the angle of the lamps. Taking up minimal space, they are able to give the same lighting effect as small floodlight.
In the lighting of country houses, when it is necessary to identify the elements of the facade, it is better to use led and neon lamps directional light
With the help of downlights equipped with halogen lamps, you can create unusual effects by adjusting the direction and the radius of the scattering of the outgoing beam. LEDs, consuming a minimum of energy, able to create a powerful and uniform light fill. Especially the lights at home wins when you use overhead lighting.
Combined with the facade luminaires bollards, gates, and illumination color. Decorative lanterns and bearing type «bollard» used to illuminate the area directly in front of the house.
Due to the large variety of styles and shapes of lighting devices can be in the integrity to keep the overall style of the house
To illuminate the blind area of the house and its porch is best to choose lamps with distributed light, which due to special reflectors is able to uniformly fill a certain area. The ideal option is the use of single style of all types of lighting like architectural buildings, and landscape light composition. Only under this condition, the front light on the background landscape will look harmonious and beautiful.
It should be noted that lighting on a long rack in the daytime can spoil the aesthetic appearance of the facade.
The lights on the facade of the mansion is able to literally transform the construction to transform the house into a cozy nest, or, on the contrary, in a monumental building
In the design of architectural lighting it is important to observe all the norms of energy consumption by lighting is economical, but at the same time easy to operate. With this purpose it is divided into two zones: the main and side entrances as well as secondary elements for which there are separate lighting devices.
Equipment selection of lighting depends on the size of the territory and features of the building. The determining factors will be:
- the purpose of the equipment;
- the type of lamp;
- the type of bonding;
- mounting method.
Since the main task of the electrical equipment is to emphasize the architectural appeal of the home and to make the area more safe, especially should pay attention to the technical characteristics of the devices.
The lighting device shall fully comply with required standards of protection. Including electrical safety, moisture – and dust-tight, protection against mechanical impact and suitability of use in certain climates.
For lighting facades often choose halogen and metal lamps, the lifetime of which is much longer than traditional fluorescent. But most of the service life of the diodes have
The main points that should pay attention when building architectural lighting:
- For building lighting the use of lamps with IP65 protection;
- Give preference to lighting devices in aluminum housings;
- Washing led lighting design through a transformer;
- Maximum visual effect can be obtained by illuminating from the bottom up;
- Available on the facade of emptiness and changes in the surface allocated successfully fill assorted colors.
Alternative to aluminum fixtures can be «plastic» models made from acrylic or polycarbonate.
Don’t forget to illuminate a sign with the house number. For this, you can purchase a special lamp, which lights up the room or install a small wall-mounted device, an address at which a play due to the simple design techniques.
Options of decoration of a country house:
In the lighting of the facade of a country house the main thing – do not overdo it, otherwise an elegant cottage in the dark will lose its architectural merits, becoming a mottled decoration of the site.