The elements of decoration

Technology laying paving slabs with their hands: analysis of the nuances

Technology laying paving slabs with their hands: analysis of the nuances

Ennobling the local area, many owners often wonder what to cover tracks, front and rear yard, sitting area… the Sidewalk slabs well suited for this purpose. Functional coating in landscaping is unmatched. The price of the material is not fabulous, and the laying of paving tiles with his hands is quite simple in execution. So the design of the tracks and platforms on the site will not be too expensive, and will be worthy of framing for the garden and decoration of the local area.

The contents

What good is a trail of paving slabs?

This popular worldwide building material has many advantages.

The variety of colors, shapes and textures

This allows you to create a harmonious ensemble, combining all the elements of a plot completed the picture, and to implement any design and architectural plans.

Worthy decoration of landscape design

Due to the aesthetic appeal and excellent performance characteristics, paving slabs indispensable in landscape design

Eco-friendliness and comfort

Pavement tile does not release harmful volatile substances when heated and does not soften under the scorching sun. The sand-filled tile joints to leak allows excessive moisture after rain, preventing the formation of puddles.

The maintenance of the natural environment under the tile of soil at the site

Paved path does not violate the natural need of plants on a plot of water and gas exchange

Easy maintenance and durability

Paving is the ideal surface in conditions of frosty winters, it has high strength and low abrasion.

Comfortable and durable coating on the site

The qualitative laying tiles can last for more than 15 years

As the technology of paving, and the subsequent care of it, simple enough. In the case of damage to the coating, it is always possible to restore the plot, picking up and replacing a few tiles.

To paved paths and playgrounds on the site are not only an original addition of landscape design, but also regularly served for many years at work it is important to consider several key points, how it is necessary to lay paving slabs. For example, depending on the location and purpose of the coating, laying paving can be performed in solution or on sand or gravel.

The arrangement of “cushion” or under paving slabs

For arrangement of garden paths and rest areas, it is sufficient to use a sand-gravel «pillow»

Work on laying the tile on the steps

Choosing the tile and the necessary tools

At the stage of preparation for the laying of paving slabs is extremely important from a wide range of goods to choose products and tools which will be simple and convenient to operate. When you select a tile it is necessary to focus not only on taste preferences but also take into account operational characteristics of the material. So, tooling area or indoor carport, you should ask the manufacturer whether you want the tiles to withstand heavy designs or designed only for human weight.

The choices of flat and curved tile

Attention is drawn to the surface roughness, the shape of the product: do picks, do I need to cut

For work need the right tools:

  1. trowel;
  2. wooden or rubber mallet;
  3. manual rammer;
  4. metal or wooden pegs;
  5. cord lining;
  6. building level;
  7. I-beam or any diameter pipe;
  8. watering can or garden hose with spray gun;
  9. the rake and broom;
  10. cement M500 and sand.

To determine the number of tiles and raw materials for the base, consider the layout of the site including the location and the size of his tracks and platforms.

One of the basic rules of laying paving slabs is the need of arranging the tracks under a small bias is based on each meter 5 mm so that water freely departed from them into wells or lawns.

The arrangement of the grounds

The reliability of the base surface depends directly on the success of the entire building. When building a Foundation on the edges of the locations of future tracks clogged the pegs with notches at a height of 5-7 cm at the level of which is stretched a cord. With the construction area removed a layer of sod, rocks and debris.

The layout of the site and removing and removing the top layer of soil

In order to lay any paving slabs with their hands must first of all carefully prepare the ground

For leveling the surface of the outlined area in towering areas extra layer of soil is removed, and the troughs, pits and hollows on the contrary, slipped. Aligned with a rake base thoroughly compacted. When working with soft soil before compaction it is desirable to moisten the leveled surface of the soil with water. Thorough compaction of the base will help prevent uneven subsidence of the sidewalk.

The base depth is calculated with a margin of a few centimeters, given the fact that the seal always occurs shrinkage. On average, for laying a layer of sand and the tiles goes from 20 to 30 cm.

Defining and aligning the height of the track

After excavation the front side of the tile needs to reach the desired level

The entire surface of the future tracks attached to the transversal, longitudinal or longitudinal-transverse slope. At this stage the arrangement of the pads and tracks are also carried out works on laying of communications. The laying of the geotextile before backfilling the sand will prevent the growth of weeds between the tiles.

Create «pillow» sand or gravel

On the prepared base layer of soil you can spread the sand, which will not only increase the stability of the sidewalk, but will also act as a drainage system. Paved sand must be leveled with a rake and sprinkle with water until its surface does not form puddles. After 3-4 hours in Sunny weather «pillow» it is possible to give a smooth flat shape with a profile, which can also act as an ordinary pipe or beam.

Phased arrangement sandy “pillow”

For leveling the surface of the sand layer you can use inch PVC pipes

The pipes are placed on the type of rails at a distance of 2-3 meters from each other. The spaces between them are filled with sand to the same height, providing a smooth all over pad surface.

To give greater strength to the coating, the paving can also be laid on a gravel base, and the solution. It is necessary to prepare a dry sand-cement mixture in a ratio of 3:1. The mixture is laid out evenly on the base is a channel screed. When working with «complex» soils it is desirable to use a combination of styling, consisting of a layer of cement-sand mixture and concrete.

Installing pavers

Before laying pavers, you must pull to chamfer the cord-the lining. Laying paving slabs with their hands it is better to start from the curb. The first row is laid strictly on a cord. The tiles lay out in the direction «myself».

Features putting some pavements

Post «bricks» it is necessary so that they fit tightly to each other

This will avoid the increase in the width of seams. The use of the TIC will give the opportunity to define equal intervals of 1-2 mm between the tiles. If tile is picked, you can use the trowel to remove or report it under the layer of sand and then compacted.

Leveling of paving is required, using the building level, and mallet. On completion of laying the tiles the joints are covered with a layer of cement-sand mixture and pour water.

Grout joints between the tiles

To make the track more neat and attractive appearance, mezhplitochny seams «wipe» quartz sand

In case of bad matching tiles from other buildings or elements of landscape design, you can trim the edges using the grinder.

Upon completion of the work with the finished track is swept away debris and sand residue. Setting the border on the grout M100 will allow you to prevent loosening of the tiles and «the spread» track.

In the future, it is enough to update the washed out matter water the sand in the joints of the pavers. Track, decorated paving tiles, will be a great decoration of the site.

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