Before the construction of large cottage or small country house in the suburban area appears modest compact structure, which make to call shed, utility room or joblocom. Useful room, divided by partitions into several sections, can play the role of a bathroom, closet, storage, tools or even a summer kitchen. It is difficult to downplay the significance of this construction, therefore, consider in more detail what maintenance was needed to testify, and whether to build it yourself.
Outbuilding – a structure small in size but versatile, so absolutely unrestricted by any limits in its use. His appointment depends entirely on the priorities put forward by the owners of a country residence. The original outbuildings were used for storage of construction and garden tools, some materials, country supplies. Long work in the garden or on construction sites has led to the fact that part of the facilities for household gardeners have turned into a kind of summer food that you can and drink tea, and relax a bit.
Some barns are more like a country house than a utility room: they finished siding, covered with shingles and decorations
A long labor makes itself felt, especially in the hot season, so it is especially health-conscious vacationers have allocated a small corner under the shower; accordingly, for a partition can fit the toilet, requiring a very small area. If you have the square footage of the building, part of it could be taken under the rest room, and if it set the bed, then you can safely sleep, while allowing the temperature of the air. It is clear that with the advent of the suburban site hozblok will lose some of its functions, however, it will always remain useful and relevant.
Barns can be completely different in appearance and to resemble any structure from being a simple shed to a fairytale cottage decorated with fretwork.
Many gardeners attach great importance to the style of each object, located on the site. Such a compact structure in a minimalist style suitable for owners marching in step with the times
You can buy ready-made design assembled or disassembled, which resembles a block-frame modular container. It is formed of angle and channel, and then sheathed wood stove. The advantages of this type of buildings:
- fast speed of erection;
- the lack of Foundation;
- the possibility of repeated Assembly and disassembly;
- the democratic value.
You can build amenities building with his own hands, preparing beforehand the tool and material purchasing.
The most popular are the outbuildings of wood — plastic, easy to process, durable material, when properly processed ready to serve for decades
The easiest way to build a wooden shed, outside sheathing or lining steel sheet, a roof to cover the cheap rubber tiles or sheet iron. A couple of walls with Windows to let in sunlight. The room with walls or cabinets it is better to divide into several zones with different purpose. To feel comfortable in hozbloke in winter, its walls, floor and roof should be reinforced with insulation with glass wool mats, membrane or foam.
Choice for utility rooms is governed by the requirements of SNiP 30-02-97, taking into consideration the purpose of water supply without. Suppose you decided to have a shower there, in this case the minimum distance to neighbouring buildings shall be 8 metres, and the border area – not less than one meter. Each meter located between the structure and the other objects, can benefit: on a small piece of land can be placed firewood, build small shed or to plant a fruit shrub.
Using amenities building as a bathroom, as well as for poultry or livestock, make sure the distance: to homes – at least 12 metres from the neighbouring area – not less than 4 feet
On 6 acres, every square meter of territory of country is considered weight in gold, so the only way to save more land for planting is to unite all domestic premises under one roof, creating a kind of multifunction construction. It resembles a normal house with many rooms, different only in size and degree of insulation. For example, in the same room can easily fit a toilet, shower and pantry, and a large awning on the side will replace the garage.
Diagram of a multifunctional amenities, consisting of several sections, which can accommodate a lounge room, bathroom with shower and toilet, pantry for storing canned goods or tools
Another interesting solution is the construction of the second floor. In the upper room it is possible to arrange the guest room, the loft or the barn, if the country contains rabbits or goats.
Now, many companies offer ready-built, but much more interesting to create and equip a room amenities for villas with their hands. For a sample, take building dimensions 6m x 3M x 3M.
Finished outbuilding consists of two separate rooms, each of which has a separate entrance. Windows are on three walls, except the rear
Before the process of construction it is necessary to purchase material:
- timber of various sections (15cm X15 cm, 10cm x 15cm, 10cm x 10cm, 5cm x 10cm);
- edged Board;
- roofing felt (or equivalent);
- sand, gravel, and cement to manufacture concrete;
- asbestos cement pipe (15 cm in diameter).
The first stage – the layout of the perimeter for the future of the Foundation. Bollards will be placed at the corners and in the middle of a long, 6-foot wall. You need to pre – prepare the soil- remove the layer of sod and fertile soil to a depth of 20cm, fill sand 10-inch pillow and thoroughly compacted. For each column will require a hole depth of about 1 m 20 cm should place the pillar for the Foundation of appropriate length.
The size of the amenities can be different and depend on its purpose, so it’s not necessary to focus on the parameters – the length or width can be changed
The bottom of each fossa also need to prepare: cover with a thick layer of gravel or sand, compacted. After installation of pipes in prepared holes checked their strictly vertical position (better to use a construction level), and the free space is filled with sand. The interior of the pipe should be filled with cement mortar by about one third, and then a section of pipe to lift. As a result of such actions of concrete is obtained a solid Foundation for Foundation pillars.
Asbestos cement Foundation on stilts – a guarantee of stability and durability of the structure; you can build the amenities building without a Foundation, but it will be less reliable and will serve a shorter term
Followed to fill the end cavity of the pipe with cement mortar. A to enhance the subsequent fixing of timber in the four corner column mounted pieces of rebar, fixed in the mortar and protruding upward about 20 cm Instead of rebar you can use the anchor, also mounted on the base frame of timber fasten to them by means of nuts. The pipe should be poured carefully to avoid air bubbles. Final curing will occur only in a few weeks, during this time, you can moisten the solution with water and close it from direct sunlight.
Yet «Matures» the Foundation can engage in the Assembly of the frame. The most powerful beams (15cm x 15cm) is fixed in the form of a rectangle, the long side of which is equal to 6 m and 3 m On the corners, mounting «vpoldereva», the grooves are connected with screws (to anchor the 2 pieces of rebar 4 pieces). Between the Foundation piles and a wooden frame is necessary to make a layer of roofing material, the ends of which should be bend down (to prevent rain water). To protect against insects, mold and moisture resistant lumber treated with an antiseptic. One of the traditional options two layers of varnish. Then reinforce the frame with three transverse joists, spaced at the same interval using timber 10cm x 10cm.
The basic qualities of the frame – stability and reliability, so the main attention should be paid to the joints of the timber and wood processing protective equipment
To build a frame to apply a beam with a smaller diameter than the installation of the Foundation. You first need to assemble the parts of the armature with the ends, given the fact that both sides will be Windows. Vertical posts are fixed to the frame with steel corners and screws. In order to «plant» stand on the rebar of the Foundation, to drill a hole with a diameter of 1 cm (this will be fixed 4 corner posts). Between them are fixed additional elements and struts – using bolted connections. The opposite side after Assembly should look identical.
To enhance the fixation between the first and second and third and fourth struts, you should install the struts – the small bars of smaller cross-section, placed diagonally
Then comes Assembly of the front façade. The b-pillar is fixed with a step of 1m 80 cm So that they do not move while fixing other elements, they can be temporarily interconnect Board, put on the screws. It is planned that the outbuilding consists of 2 sections, so you will need to register 2 of the doorway and also install a partition. Size of door openings – 2 m in height and 85 cm in width. On the front side there would be a window opening, the place of its location – between 2 and 3 racks.
During Assembly you must put the window bars: the distance from the frame to the lower horizontal – 80 cm, the distance between the two contour – 1 m
The rear facade is going to face similar, but the process is simplified due to the lack of window and door openings. There should be two Central posts at intervals of 1 m 80 cm, and between the pairs of struts to secure the struts. The final touch is the upper interchange at the height of 2 m, which uses timber 5cm x 10cm. It is formed of elements fixed together «butt» and fixed with galvanized corners.
The Assembly of the rafters to perform better on earth, and then ready to be installed on the amenities building. It is important to collect the crate – continuous or at intervals, depending on the roofing material. The angle of the roof is approximately 10 degrees. When installing the rafters are attached to the screws, and overhangs and eaves are edged with edging Board. In order to avoid cracks pre-drilled holes for screws.
The design of the roof is activated as follows: put on the joists behind the building, and then rises to the top using the stops or thrust and inserted into the grooves
The final stage is the covering of clapboard on the outside and the interior of the premises. On the roof is placed roof covering (tile, slate, sheet iron), hung doors, put a window. If necessary, set the internal partitions of a frame type, which can be sheathed with plywood. For insulating exterior walls, you can use mineral wool or polystyrene foam.
If you have at least some experience carpentry, construction hozbloka country does not seem complex and intricate. In the future, instead of the first, test version of you can build a more reliable and sturdy structure.
If residential building is being built after the construction of the house, it can be done in the form of an extension to the main building, making the entrance