Classic pergola is called two or more arches, which are interconnected. It is capital or portable structure designed for forming a shaded transition from one part of the garden to another place for solitude and relaxation on a hot summer day. Despite such a romantic role, pergola and able to solve mundane tasks. It serves as a support for a basket and climbing plants divides the area into zones and just hide from the eyes of buildings and technical equipment. Looks great pergola made from wood. How to build this useful and attractive design, we will try to explain in this article.
To create a pergola using different material. A preference structure which will harmoniously fit into the overall design of the site.
This material is the most popular, as they are able match virtually any style. Wooden pergolas are particularly aesthetic appeal. Also important is the fact that for the construction of wooden structures need little time.
Pergola from wood is the most popular, due to the fact that goes well with any design of the site and easily constructed self
If the wood is attractive for its naturalness, the metal is a constant leader in the areas of longevity and durability. If you do not mind taking care of him and to prevent rust, the wrought-iron lace building, overgrown with plants, will stand for decades.
Pergola made of metal is considered the most durable structure: indeed, if her good care, it will last a very long time
Structures from this material are fundamental and have a luxurious appearance. Planning how and what to build a pergola, consider how well it will fit into the plot: to put a small stone structure not good. It will instantly become the center of attention, and the rest of the beauty will simply fade. But in large gardens the building of stone can become a real decoration.
Pergola stone is indeed monumental building, which only a well-tended garden in the Empire style
This material is also used to create pergolas, but it is less popular, although affordable. The construction of a plastic material is difficult to blend into the environment. However, when plastic will be hidden under the green plants, material design will not be so important.
When blooming or twining plants is completely entwine elegant design, it makes no difference what it was made pergola
Often materials are used in combination with each other. When this wood is combined with stone and metal.
The easiest way to do a light construction of wood. Oak, spruce and pine – excellent material for future work.
Pondering how to make a beautiful and functional pergola with your own hands, you first need to make sure that it would find a suitable place on the site. At this stage, you should procure all the necessary materials and prepare the tools.
In the form of terraces or extension to house pergola performs one of its basic functions: it creates a pleasant shade and coolness
Very often pergolas are used in the barbecue area as protection from the heat, no less successful is the placement of this building by the pond. They are being constructed as an extension to the terrace or as a summer pavilion. In such places they are especially aesthetically pleasing look.
Having defined the place, it is necessary to make the project design, to determine material requirements. The most popular are the pergola of 2.5 m height and 1.4 m wide. All other parameters depend only on the imagination of the future owner.
You’ll need tools: a screwdriver, a hammer and a shovel. Buy braces and brackets. Just nails, but it is better to use screws on wood. Definitely going to apply antiseptic. Will need paint and brushes. Prepare the wooden boards of different dimensions: 70×70 mm (support), 50×50 mm (transverse beams), 100×100 mm and 100×50 mm (for the side beams). Don’t forget about the trellis panel and the concrete. Specific requirements are determined on the basis of individual project.
All wood must be thoroughly treated with antiseptic solution. After drying the parts, you can continue working with them.
Mark pre-selected location in accordance with the plan of the building. If the structure is rectangular on 4 pillars, then proceed to the digging of pits for installation of these supports. The optimum depth of the pits for small structures is 60 cm and they will be placed support bars that are cast for the sustainability solution.
The site of the future location of the pergola is laid out, the corners of the rectangle to dig pits, which will become concrete supports for future construction
Now in operation again, there is a break of a few days. How much time is required to ensure that the solution is reliable «grabbed» and supports are not straight. For further work we return only after the concrete hardens completely.
When attaching the horizontal beams to the supports, it is desirable to use braces, brackets, and screws nails. The most reliable method of attachment can be considered a tongue and groove connection. Spike is forced into the end of the beam, and in the place where should be a connection, make a hole for the spike. Mounted this way the beam is securely fastened.
A cross bar fastened to the horizontal joists. They should be placed at the same distance from each other. Better to nail them with nails «on the trailing». In this case, the design will be better able to fight the gusts of wind. Trellis panels also need to be attached to the horizontal beams. You need to consider that the contact trellis panels with the ground is undesirable as the contact with the ground can contribute to the development of the process of decay.
Here are some examples of the construction of wooden pergolas in the video:
Do not forget that one of the purposes of a pergola is to create a support for climbing and basket plant. They form a saving shadow, which is so attractive on a hot summer day.
Most often, pergolas are used to support grapes. Decorative girlish grapes or cultural – both look great on this building and feel.
Look spectacular entangling pergola Chinese Magnolia vine, Actinidia, clematis and morning glories, nasturtiums, honeysuckle, celastrus, and even hops. With the latest plant need to be especially careful, because hops grow haphazardly, can flood the whole garden.
When a pergola decorated with flowers, it looks very solemn and romantic: these constructions evoke thoughts of your wedding celebrations
Has always attracted the attention with the delicate Wisteria and twine roses, especially prevalent in the southern regions of our country. All the plants that adorn our design, need care, fertilizing and timely watering.
It must be remembered that for growth of plants takes time. While the design remains nezametnoe, it is possible to cover the stain and a protective lacquer for outdoor use. A shadow can temporarily create of fabric cloth, placed on a horizontal surface facilities.
Vivid fabric cover, temporary replacement of a green plant, looks at the charming pergola, successfully creating the necessary shade and coolness
Next to the pergola made of stone will look good a small fountain made of the same material, or sculpture in the selected style. The wooden construction will revive a nearby well or stream.