Who has divided all plants into useful and harmful(Ie weeds)? Most likely, - gardeners, who are not satisfied that the individual "green comrades" do not obey the master's will and grow there, where they were not invited. But in the nature of absolutely useless plant does not exist, and the most pernicious weed, which we have from year to year to finish off their own beds, can be used to advantage. "Sterile" gardens now out of fashion, because many owners have learned that the benefits weeds truck crops, and try to use a riot of vegetation for their own benefit. Let us examine, what weeds should continue to fight, but someone in moderation should be left on the beds.
When gardeners begin the war against weeds,their only desire is to complete capitulation green enemy and eradicate it from our own garden. But the problem is that weed seeds in the soil - the millions, and they remain viable for many decades. So that instead of weed coming fresh herbs, awakened perturbation soil. And they wake the person conducting hoeing and weeding.
If a summer resident to ask, what kind of damage causingweeds, the first thing he would say, inhibit the growth of cultivated plants. This fact is indeed the case, but only at the stage of sprouting vegetables, sprouts when frail and did not gain strength. In the fight for the sun and the light weeds can easily crowd out the weaker from the garden. But when the same tomatoes or peppers scored thickness and increased so that had to be tied up, no weeds they will not drown out.
The potato beds worst enemyIt is wheatgrass. It not only prevents the development of potatoes, tubers and gnaws its roots, taking away from them the power for himself. Wheat grass can lift concrete blind area, breaking through the cracks, to spoil tile joints in the tracks, etc. If and choose among the most harmful weeds, the palm should be given to him. On the couch grass is impossible to agree and it is necessary to conduct merciless struggle. At high fields, this herb is destroyed with herbicides and permanent land treatment (disking, harrowing, etc.), And in the flower beds the only way to eradicate the roots out of the ground - to spend mulching. But not sawdust or bark, but from the beginning to hide the black earth spunbond which block sunlight for weed, and pour on top of a decorative material. And this coating does not shoot a couple of years.
If bindweed, or in people's birch, it went out of control, destroying it with kerosene, which is not harmful to truck crops
All other weeds - dandelions, nettles, chamomile, goutweed, tansy, woodlice, etc. - Can and should be used to improve the growth of vegetable crops.
Outset that everything is good in moderation. Therefore, about the benefits of weed can only speak when their number is constrained within certain limits, it is not allowed uncontrolled contamination and clogging beds.
In these thickets of weeds the garden, of course, did not survive, but how much green manure can be obtained if all this is to mow and chop
Weeds signals about the shortcomings of the soil. Everyone needs to weed their aciditysoil and its mineral composition. Therefore, plants that breed annually on your site and do not intend to leave it, you can see what is missing your soil:
- So, horsetail and plantain signal that your soil - soured. And if you spend actions to neutralize it, then the grass will disappear without any vypolki.
- Woodlouse, mother-and-stepmother, wheat grass, sow thistle - health indicators of acidity. They live on the slightly acidic and neutral soils.
- If a lot of quinoa began to appear among the furrows of potato - a hint that it is time to change the place of potatoes. This soil is too tired of this crop.
- The emergence of a large number of weeds, flowering in late summer and autumn, says the weak soil fertility and lack of humus.
Weeds are helping the development of plants. Botanists have long noticed that somenear growing plants can affect each other positively. In the growth process, they emit volatile, out through the pores of enzymes and ions which are washed by rain into the soil and reach the roots of other crops, increasing their immunity and resistance to disease.
Cutting dandelion to create mulch is conducted until the flower buds have not opened, otherwise they ripen in the garden and will be scattered in all garden beds
For example, dandelions on cucumber beds contributeaccelerated maturation of the fruit, because during flowering secrete a special gas - ethylene. If the aerial part of dandelion on mulches mulch, the soil will get almost the entire range of mineral elements.
Umbrella culture that nasevayutsya samoseem(Dill, caraway seeds), as well as wormwood repel pests. They are useful to keep in trees near barrel circles, including cabbage, to butterflies Belyanko not spoiled vegetables. A nettle not miss in the garden of slugs and snails.
The sharp smell of dill cucumber beds deters from insects and secreted into the air aromatic substances improve photosynthesis and health lashes
Nettle is growing in the beds of cabbage or between bushes of strawberries, will be a major blockade for snails and slugs, especially wet summer
Weeds serve as protection from the scorching sun. Many crops during hot summer experiencegreat stress, especially when vacationers do not have time to water them in time. Most suffer melons: squash, pumpkins and cucumbers are the same, because the wide leaves evaporate moisture at a rapid pace. If it is coming this season, keep these beds is nepolotymi. Weeds on growth higher than the creeping culture, so create the necessary shade. But the current version of that if you do not weed the tomatoes, then the weeds will protect the fruit from the mist - wrong. Tomato late blight is striking not because of the fog, but because of the high humidity, lack of ventilation between the bushes. And if you still do not weed out the weeds, the air simply can not circulate through the beds. Accordingly, the tomatoes begin to get sick more often.
Tomatoes require good ventilation of the bushes so they do not weed out thoroughly and mulch green mass, to avoid excessive evaporation
All weeds, short before the seeds ripen,They are the perfect eco-friendly fertilizer. They lay in the compost, mulch beds, paths. Many plants can stand and used as a foliar application. Such spraying at the same time kill the aphids, and enrich the culture of useful elements.
A fun way to come up with the use of weedKaliningrad vacationers. They mow down all harmful vegetation, it is ground, mixed with turf grass and laid out in rows on the plowed a bed where scheduled planting potatoes in the spring. Layer -. 30 cm With the arrival of spring no excavation works are no longer performed. A seed potatoes simply placed under the mulch and await the appearance of germs. Tubers rotting grass heat, they do not attack Colorado potato beetle, which scares away the smell of decaying plant residues. Weeding such beds do not, we can only hold the sides hilling, lift series. Productivity - a little slower than usual, when the potatoes are growing in the ground, but the care and - at least.
If you approach the weeds with the mind, the harm caused to them, can be wrapped in their favor and to achieve greater productivity without the use of chemical fertilizers.