Gardeners are well aware that the beds - notonly an excellent base for the cultivation of vegetables and fruits, but also the present field of weeds that with regular insistence occupy the best positions. To stubborn parasitic plants did not appear among the seedlings, taking moisture, useful minerals and sunlight, it is necessary to choose the right remedy for weeds, which does not harm the beneficial cultures.
Since the beginning of the first growing vegetable cropshumanity is faced with weeds that harm to the surrounding world, developed much more successfully cultivated their brothers. With the emergence of the problem were the first methods of controlling harmful plants, different in purpose and execution.
This is perhaps the simplest and most familiarmethod, despite its complexity. The main feature of weeding - the regularity and, therefore, a permanent binding to the vegetable garden. Vigorous waving hoe Motor mower and even treatment fail, if at least two weeks to forget about weeding, besides the effectiveness of action is minimal. Such regulars garden as wild oats and wheat grass, tenaciously cling to the ground with their rhizomes, which crawl around and form a real carpet. Removal of the rhizomes not deprive the plant of life, but only contributes to their rapid reproduction.
There is a small peasant cunning: should be replaced by a chopper (shovel) on the forks, which are not part of the plant is cut and rips them out of the whole. After that you need to collect the roots and aerial parts and carry them away from the garden. I would like to note that this procedure takes a lot of time and effort, and after a couple of weeks back zakolosyatsya weeds among the greenery and strawberries. If you want to achieve the ideal of pure soil without a single parasite, get ready for the fact that weed the garden is a daily task.
Using hoes for weeding instead of blades or small forks, you can not only free the soil from weeds and loosen it at the same time
For weed beds of weeds remover is used along with traditional instruments. To remove the plant sufficiently to immerse the soil remover and rotated 180 degrees
From the resulting green mass can make fertilizer. Read more in the article: What are the benefits and harms bring weeds + how to make fertilizer out of them
To arrange a grassy ubiquitous parasites"Dark", the dense material is useful, not air-permeable, and the sun's rays. The fit and construction residues as a protective greenhouse covers:
- black film;
- roofing felt.
Methods of purification of soil from weeds is simple: should cover the necessary land opaque airtight material for 3 or 4 weeks, after which it can be removed. None of the plant does not withstand such conditions, and the roots, the beginnings of the stems and leaves naturally wither away, after which they are easy to remove by ordinary rake.
Some weeds have taproots that go far into the depths. Sometimes rhizomes and their processes length reaches 1 m or more
The peculiarity of this method is that the fight againstweeds should take place before planting or disembarkation of vegetable and fruit crops, that is necessary to make the procedure as soon as possible. In the middle zone of the optimal time for concealable work recognized March. A pleasant exception is strawberries, which can quite happily coexist with the black film. The beds closed completely, leaving the nest for the berry bushes. As a result, the film also serves a number of functions:
- It attracts the sun's rays;
- It helps retain moisture in the soil;
- excludes rotting berries;
- It stops the growth of weeds.
The use of black film weed drastically increases productivity strawberry. Sweet and juicy berries do not touch the ground, so stay safe and healthy
Pretty interesting system targetedwatering point is not only great saves water, but also feeds a desired vegetables. Water flowing from the tap or large, raised above ground tank moving through pipes and hoses, and then seeps through the small holes punctured in places of planting vegetables. The essence of watering to saturate with moisture only useful plants, preventing the growth of weeds at chance.
With drip irrigation, it gets all the moisture the plant, for which it is intended. Dry land around culture - a guarantee of protection against weeds and harmful insects breeding
Drip irrigation is used efficiently andopen ground and in greenhouses, where plants, parasites multiply with great speed. Of course, to avoid additional weeding will not succeed, but the number of weeds at a point dosed watering reduced several times.
Read more in the article: Principles of an automatic irrigation system and a portion of drip irrigation in greenhouses: the case of devices with their own hands
Mulching is used quite a long time, and for the creation of mulch - ground mass - using quite different natural and synthetic materials:
- fallen leaves;
- dry grass;
- shredded film;
- landscape fabric.
A layer of finely ground material thickness6-7 cm thick carpet is laid around the vegetables. It is breathable, retains moisture, keeps the required temperature for optimal root growth, while at the same time serves as an effective barrier to weeds in the garden.
Biological or artificial mixture of mulch spread evenly across a bed, leaving the plant arbitrary sockets, given their size and growth rate
When placing mulch on the soil, it is necessaryadhere to certain rules. If the plants are planted in the autumn, the protective weight must be added immediately after landing. In early spring, before the use of mulch should check whether the land is well warmed. If weeds have started to grow, the soil must be carefully weed, and then put a thick layer of ground mass - up to 18 cm.
An article in the topic: How to prepare bark for mulching flower beds?
Weed army has many warriors: wild oats and chamomile, couch grass and sorrel, Tansy and dead-nettle, St. John's wort and series. But none of these plants will not withstand chemical attack - spraying herbicides.
There are a number of means of so-called systemicactions. These include the "Tornado", "Roundup", "Graudu Bio". They are applied to the visible surface of the plant - leaves, stems, buds. Poisonous herbs composition is absorbed by the pores and gradually accumulated in their roots. The big plus of these funds - absolute safety for the surrounding soil. The earth is not polluted, so after the herbicide treatment can be safely planted crops. The term pesticide exposure depends on their composition and the degree of resistance of weeds often enough 2 weeks to completely clear the area.
"Agrokiller" equally well not destroyOnly annuals and perennials, but also shrub-tree shoots. It can help you to effectively deal with dangerous and tenacious hogweed, able to cause extensive burns
To prevent damage to vegetables or berry bushes, for the application of herbicides on weeds using simple tools - ordinary paint brush
The main rule when using herbicides -accurate and precise application of only harmful flowers and grass, since toxic substances are equally effective in killing any plant, including berry bushes and vegetables. Due to the total destruction of all life for the optimal use of herbicides is splashing them in areas far from the beds, but also need to be cleaned: the thickets along the fence, grass nests in the furrows, burdock and thistle bushes on the edges of garden paths.
Let us consider in more detail the two funds. "Roundup" herbicide is universal, which is used to completely get rid of any plants. It has no activity of the soil, therefore it is used prior to the sowing of vegetable crops. If you act according to the instructions, the tool is completely safe for humans, animals and the environment. Capacity 1 liter, which is enough for 20m?, Worth 1250 rubles.
Often large containers with herbicides continuous action (such as "Roundup") are provided with a small pump with a hose that add convenience and speed of the process
The second popular means - "Tornado". On the territory of the garden it is recommended to use against weeds such as cattail, couch grass, bindweed, thistle, Bermuda grass, reed. After applying the composition, about 8-10 days, the plants begin to turn yellow, wither, and they finally die within 2.5-3 weeks. After about 3-4 days can be processed on the ground to plant vegetables and berries. Capacity of 1 liter is 900 rubles.
Herbicide "Tornado" is safe for animals and bees, but is poisonous to fish. Using it, you should avoid contact with the solution of the mucous membranes of the eyes
Learning how to deal with weeds through various ways and means, it is possible to increase productivity and transform the semi-wild in thickets and orchard exemplary site.