Planting areas

How to design and build a garden alley

How to design and build a garden alley

Combining various landscape objectsIt makes good use of every square meter suburban area, preserving their aesthetic appeal. For example, successfully arranging the small garden of fruit trees and comfortable walkway, we get a new fresh solution - the device shady alleys. In cottage garden walkway can be anything: a zone for walks, children's games, tea parties and friendly get-togethers, and even a place for a relaxing afternoon in a hammock or a comfortable chair.

Content


Stage design - the key to success

Construction of any suburban areasuggests landing of green plants - fruit and ornamental trees, shrubs, flower beds. Arranging difficult alpine gardens, rockeries and a columbarium, we often forget about simpler solutions of landscape design, such as a comfortable, cozy, requiring minimal maintenance alleys.

Driving suburban area

suburban area Design meansdesignation of all significant objects, including garden paths. As you can see, paths connect the house with a sauna and a terrace, and one of them leads to the exit. Any of marked paths can be turned into an alley, to find a suitable style trees or shrubs

The easiest way to plan for the mall at the stageDesign a garden plot all. However, if the project has already been implemented, and the free space is almost gone, we use a fallback: convert to the mall one of the garden paths.

Thus, we will kill two birds with one stone: to competently organize the necessary land plants and preserve important to give walking or transport communications.

Symbols

Often the question arises: both denote green planting on the plans or schemes? There are several ways - using pictures or symbols. For example, in this scheme, all the plants are marked with green dots of different shades

To submit a project visually, you can draw a few sketches or draw a simple diagram.

Types alleys - from pergolas to the main path

Even at the design stage should definethe type of plants landing. Given that the suburban areas have a different area, terrain, style, consider the features of the alleys, which are different, and the length and design.

An important role is the purpose of all holidayObjects, therefore, on the basis of functional features, are two types of lanes: major and minor; the latter, in turn, are divided into access and walking. The main avenues are characteristic of the palace and park landscape, so treat them as part of the villa is inappropriate subject matter, but the approach and hiking options are good for areas of any size, even the miniature 6 acres.

Suppose a small fruit garden, consistingeven from 10 apple or cherry, can be issued in the form of short cozy alley from the gate to the house, or from the house to the gazebo. With concise pergolas even easier - they can be placed in any part of the garden path.

Alley in garden

Fruit trees in large suburban gardensare planted as a rule, in neat rows. If the garden is already an adult, you can use a single number (eg, central) to create beautiful flowering alley - enough to build a comfortable track for walking

Complex structural combinations are more suitablefor large areas in the country as the best solution is a simple walkway, consisting of two rows of plants on both sides of the track. The width depends on the use: driveway for transport should be 2 times larger than the walking option, which is enough for 1.5-2 meters.

The procedure for planting trees on the edges of paths andcan differ. There are two types of plant layout: symmetrical and chess. The degree of illumination and visibility of the surrounding landscape depends on landing slots. For example, Russian manor landscape characterized by dense planting of trees and shrubs, the present green fence around the edges of the track.

Rarely located trees are not suitable for a limited area, whereas on a spacious plot they will look appropriate, not blocking the surrounding landscape.

Park alley

If you allow the dimensions of the plot, and the gate is on the opposite side of the house, you can create an extended park alley in free style

If you allow the width of the pedestrian (carriageway area)you should consider a two- or three-tiered arrangement of plants. For external use large number of trees, in the middle - low-growing trees and lush bushes, for internal - low shrubs, dense foliage or flowers.

Choosing one or another type of mall in the country,observe the stylistic nuances. For example, in the Russian landscape rustic suit sprawling birch, pine pine trees, dense thickets of wild rose or berry bushes - raspberries, currants, gooseberries. For regular garden nice slender geometric shape - pyramidal cypress, larch, poplar.

The same principle applies to the form itself alley. It does not necessarily have to be straight, connecting as a string, two suburban facility. I happen curved, winding, zigzag, arched alley, and located on the circumference or perimeter of the suburban area.

Bunk alley

Absolutely holiday option suitable for any size plot - bunk avenue of rarely planted, decoratively trimmed poplars and lush flower beds

Special art requires the creation of gated shady alleys: trees with dense foliage should be planted at intervals of not more than 3-4 meters, and the use of dense thickets of the lower tier.

Sometimes to create a darkened corner requiredbuilding frames, and as a result obtained the magnificent arched Berceau or pergolas with flat ceilings. To the north are less common, and in the southern regions are salutary islands in the intense heat. For the scenic design of rectangular and arched ceilings are ideal grapes, clematis, celastrus, honeysuckle and fragrant climbing roses.

Blooming alley

Such a kind of mini-mall can be created using trees instead of several arches and landed flamboyantly flowering basket plant: petunia, begonia, lobelia, viola, Diascia, climbing roses

How to elevate the garden path?

Let us assume that our favorite, but too"Bare" summer cottage is not enough green spaces. You can plant trees on the perimeter, as most gardeners conservative, but we shall proceed to be smart and original - turn a boring, naturally trodden path to the picturesque and functional alley. The functionality of it is that the plant will not be simple poplar and birch trees and useful plants fruit - apples, pears and plums.

Step # 1 - drafting

The main thing in any scheduled event -the right start, but in our case - the drafting. To arrange an alley in any ill-conceived does not stand still, because in a few years the trees will grow and will create a lot of problems: closed sunny areas with beds, disturb its roots pond waterproofing or divide the territory into uncomfortable zones. You must choose a place for a comfortable and plants, and for the owners of country land.

The nuances of the project

Making preliminary calculations, carefullylearn the nuances of planting and growth of trees. Their individual characteristics depend depth of the pit, the optimum planting intervals, average height - and as a result, and the appearance of the future mall

Maybe track suitable for alley devicesleading to the kitchen garden or bath - nice to walk in the shade after work or in the beds of hot steam. One of the winning options - footpath, running to the gate. Guests who visited the cottage, will be pleasantly surprised by an unusual kind of organization of kindergarten.

The material for the track

When choosing fruit or ornamental plants, do not forget to include in the pre-design and material for the arrangement of comfortable garden path, especially if it is used on a daily basis

Step # 2 - markings on the ground

Part of the project, selecting plants and materials,you can begin to work the land. They will consist of two parts: the construction of the track and the landing of green plantings. But first you need to make a layout, and to landing, and a pedestrian zone occupied strictly designated area and looked harmoniously. Designated holes for the seedlings can be designated pegs and border canvas track - construction cord.

alley Layout

The park option, suitable for spacioussuburban area. Along the edges of the alley planted birch - relatively high and spreading tree, carrying mainly aesthetic load. Prepare yourself that you will see a similar picture only after 10 years, when the trees grow

At this stage it is possible to drive the necessarymaterials - tiles, bricks, paving stones for the track. Perhaps it will be just sand or pebble, but in this case it is necessary to consider such details as the drain for rainwater or a low curb.

Step # 3 - design of the pedestrian zone

To be nice to walk down the alley in any weather, you need to take care of a comfortable flat canvas that would maintain a relatively dry even in rainy weather.

The ideal option is a paved surface- The most expensive and time-consuming, but extremely durable and aesthetically perfect. For its design suitable stone blocks, bricks, paving slabs, self-made concrete blocks, natural stone. Among the elements of different colors can be beautiful geometric patterns and ornaments, which will create an interesting mix of flowering herbs.

The combination of material

Make sure the material is combined with the tracksurrounding objects not knocked out of style. Suppose, gray and red pavers, and is in harmony with green spaces, and a wrought-iron fence on brick piers

Wood should be used with extreme caution, asas bridges not quite appropriate for malls, besides they soak in and become slippery when it rains. If you still like the flooring of wood, look for the garden parquet flooring - decking, designed specifically for outdoor use country.

It is natural and relaxed look bulk tracks of sand, pebbles or gravel, in addition, the cost is minimal.

Wooden path

An unusual variant of registration of the shutter, laidwooden steps. You can beat him, planted on both sides of the same green spaces - a dense shrub or tall, slender tree to get a shaded walkway leading down

Step # 4 - planting trees and shrubs

Trees can be planted until the constructiontrack, and after it, focusing on the more successful, the recommended planting period. If you choose the seedlings of fruit trees, with special attention concern their purchase: they need to be healthy and equally developed. Choose a variety that is perfectly develops in your area and type of rootstock, influencing drought.

Tree planting

Fruit plants for the alley planted in the same manner as in normal garden planting. The main thing - to observe the amount of holes and slots, affecting the light transmission trees

Apple, plum and pear can be planted in the spring,and fall, and cherry, peach and apricot acclimatized much better at early spring planting. All berry bushes perfectly transfer spring planting, since autumn they can freeze. Many ornamental plants, such as Lombardy poplar, planted in one of the growing season that is autumn or spring.

Plant Care

Planting fruit trees, keep in mind that they require more attention than maple, birch and spruce, followed by regular care is not necessary

Depending on the variety of conditions and treesgrowing dig a hole in a symmetrical or staggered, plant seedlings, do not forget to fertilize them, and wait patiently when they go to the growth. Regrown branches will be cut, forming a slender figure, balls or spreading crown.

How to make a pergola: a brief guide

The suite of pergolas entwined with hops, roses orgrapes, looks magical and is a kind of a shady alley, ideal for small suburban areas. By setting on the edge of a comfortable stool, and you get another great place to relax.

Sample pergolas

The size and shape of pergolas may be different, however, expect construction height so that within it, not bending down, could easily take a person

From bars collect a couple of buildings, reminiscent ofhorizontal bars mounted along the track opposite to each other. First-Ground poles, then with metal corners mount the upper crossbar. The top can be designed in different ways: in the form of gentle stingrays or just perpendicular to the panel.

Boca decorate pergolas lattice assembled from thin strips. At the base of the pillars set flower pots with curly cultures.

Approximately 2-3 years will grow perennials, flowers and foliage cover the entire surface of pergolas, creating a cozy, shady area.

Pergola for garden

Light lattice structure with climbing flowers are not "loaded" the territory of the site, in contrast to the heavy oak alleys, or dense green fences, so they are good at miniature plots

Which plants are suitable for avenues?

Trees, shrubs and flowering of culture is selected,on the basis of climatic conditions, soil acidity, degree of illumination, terrain features, etc. For example, in northern latitudes perfectly acclimatized birch, maple, oak, pine, spruce, bird cherry, hawthorn - frost trees are not afraid of the harsh climate. In the middle zone can be safely planted apple, pear, plum, cherry, which will decorate the cottage landscape Spring flowers, and by the autumn will bring a great harvest.

Linden alley

Great looks shady linden alley,however, it is more suitable for large suburban land. At limes worth paying attention to cottagers, beekeepers, as white honey is considered one of the most useful

In the southern regions grow any fruittrees, shrubs, and almost all kinds of flowering plants, so you can create a beautiful tiered fruiting alley - just one that will satisfy gardeners squirrels.

If you allow the area, feel free to experiment with decorative exotic plants and flowers, which are usually decorated with flower beds or camouflage the fence.

boxwood

Boxwood, which is often used for the construction of hedges shaped or small icons, can form a beautiful alley in the classic English style

Try to plant a low dauricusjuniper, birch warty with graceful drooping branches or beautiful blooming prickly hawthorn. Unusually looks zelenokory with striped maple bark and tree-survivor arborvitae. Rowan Common decorate your alley in every season: in spring - white, summer - a thick green foliage, autumn - fire orange and red leaves in the winter - a scattering of red berries.

With the help of the alley can be advantageous to change the country site, dividing it into zones, or simply ennoble, so do not give up this simple and useful landscape element.

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