Nothing makes life difficult summer resident asthe absence of large amounts of water. In the warmer months, during the holiday rush, especially felt its deficiency: it is necessary for the soul and a swimming pool, watering the garden and the garden, just to make dinner or wash. Habitual well, or even better - a deep well in the courtyard of a house can save the situation. But, unfortunately, hire a team and hire equipment will cost a pretty penny. However, it turns out that a well made in the country with their own hands - quite the real thing. We invite you to find out how to do everything on their own.
The wells are of different types according to structural features and characteristics of the installation depth of water extracted, but only the drilling for the two types of country site suitable for:
- sand (or "on sand");
- artesian (or "on the limestone").
For the cottages fit both types of wells, artesian and sand, but the sand variant can be done independently, without the use of technology
species name speaks for itself: present in the aquifer certain species - or sand or limestone. In addition, both types of different depth. Drilling wells is made of sand to a depth of 50 m, and artesian - 200 m It becomes clear that "in the limestone" well not master yourself, so the best option cottages -. Sandy feel.
Wells "on sand" and "limestone" are not only mine drilling depth, but also its diameter, and the size of casings
First you need to define the parameters of occurrencegroundwater. Before you contact the specialists, it is possible to ask the neighbors what the depth of their wells. If the parameters do not exceed 25 meters, there is a chance to drill a well on their own.
Location of the well location is selected close to the house, and sometimes mine lay directly in the utility room or annex, connected to the cottage
Typically for devices using the wellspecial drilling equipment, so there is a legitimate question: how to drill a well in the country without its application? It turns out that there is a simple manual mechanism consisting of the rig and suspended her column. Consider a separate piece of equipment in more detail.
The reason is the tower, which resembles a tripod. The material for the supports, or are metal tubes or beams, connected at the top of kingpin. There is also the unit lifting the drilling column. The two legs are connected to hoist tower (gate).
The design of equipment for drilling may be different. In some cases, if the impermeable layer lies near the surface of the earth, enough hand drill
Column drilling - the main functionelement. It consists of several three-meter rods connected couplings. Sometimes a length and a half meters. This column is immersed in the soil, and its length is controlled by the rods. The replacement of special equipment are the water pipes with steel couplings.
Drilling heads should be chosen depending on the nature of the soil. Here are the most commonly used: 1 - "spoon", 2 - "coil", 3 - "chisel", 4 - "bailer"
Shock or cutting element is groundthe drill head. It is wound onto the column by a threaded adapter. During the lowering of the head into the ground soil fills the cavity of the drill. For different types of rocks using different nozzles "spoon" is suitable for soft ground, "coil" - for a hearty, "chisel" - for hardwood. Bailer removed soil loosened up.
To sprinkle the borehole wall is not usedcasing - as a rule, ordinary plastic plumbing products, easy and convenient for installation. The bottom of the pipe is a kind of shoe bottom having a smooth or serrated edge.
Two main types of shoe for casing a - toothed (milling), b - smooth. Field cutting: 1 - teeth, 2 - smooth edge
Thus, the device is going well with the use of special equipment, some of which can be purchased in a store, part of the produce on their own.
Topsoil is prone to shattering,therefore well protected special structure - pits, simply put, a pit and a half to one and a half meters, the depth of which no more than 2 meters. In order to strengthen the walls of the board used, they also line the floor. The strength of the floor depends on the thickness of the boards, so do not use the product thinner than 5 cm. Above pit closes the second deck.
Sand pits for the wells is small in size and located at a shallow depth, while the pits for artesian wells go a few meters into the ground
Next, a hole in the following order:
- erecting tower for drilling;
- removed the upper deck;
- find a center point on the lower deck;
- make a hole the diameter of which coincides with the shoe and the clutches;
- cut out the second hole - in the upper deck.
Accuracy vertically by the two guide holes, guarantees quality drilling.
If you prepare the necessary equipment andsustain a sequence of steps, not a question, how to do well. Ready-made drill rig is equipped with a head mechanism and a winch. Stange passed through both holes down the need to build it and fix the gate. Rotate the gates are usually together, and the third person is needed to correct the position of the bar.
If the well is shallow, it is used only a drill column, directing it down vertically. Tripod with a lift is required for wells with greater depth
In the column put the label, departing from the upperfloor 60-70 cm. Dropping the column at the designated distance, retrieve it back by removing the raised together with the brown breed. Likewise immersed purified column several times. Greater depth requires building boom. For this coupling is coupled via another pipe.
Depending on the soil stability is selectedmethod of drilling - with or without a casing pipe them. When stable, firm ground is possible to drill all wells completely and not using the casing. Loose rocks suggest that within 2-3 meters to install a pipe equipped with a shoe. Pipe diameter larger diameter couplings, so the pipe comes into the mine with difficulty. Sometimes, to put it there, screwing or using a sledgehammer.
As the casing is used for laying water pipeline products - metal or plastic pipes the required diameter for outdoor work
If the rocks crumble, to avoid collapse. For this purpose, the drill is not lowered too low - lower end of the casing at a certain distance. It is usually equal to half the length of the drill. Thus, the process consists in the alternation of the drilling and installation of casing, increases as you go deeper.
The end point is the drill when the drillreaches impermeable layer. The well is thoroughly cleaned nozzle "bailer", and set the filter to the bottom, which will serve as a barrier to delay solids. In the role of lattice filter can be a metal mesh with small mesh or perforated pipe with a small gap.
Filter wells consists of the following parts: 1 - perforated pipe 2 - the correct diameter hole 3 - wire winding, 4 - wire mesh
By equipping the inside of the borehole,equip and decorate its aerial parts. To do this, remove both decking boards, dismantle paneling pit and produce backfill. For pumping water from wells installed pump (submersible or surface). The upper part of the building is decorated with the decor. Suit a variety of design ideas from the simple canopy for the tip to the gazebo or fake well. One of the options - to set the crane.
Here are two examples of how to build a well in the country:
Beautiful and original design of the well - a small ornamental tree of the well, it is very reminiscent of the real thing. The design of the decor can be of different
To disguise mines, wells, boreholes are made decoration made of artificial stone. Appearance it resembles natural element - a large stone or a tree stump
Underground water as well as any other impurities are therefore well clogging occurs eventually. About cleaning time comes signaled intermittent flow of water supplied.
Various purification methods, while using special tools and materials:
- Water compressor. Deposits of sand and silt are removed easily hosed water.
- Air compressor. It is effective for the removal of soft particles, such as sludge. With the vacuum tube purged tube throughout its length.
- Explosion. Artificial creation of a short-circuit, resulting in the exploded bottle with gunpowder, dropped to the bottom of the well. The blast wave breaks the blockage.
- Acid. It is used with caution, as it can damage the filter and pipes. Acid is introduced into the tube, allowed to stand for two days, then pumped water until clean.
Equipped with water well in the country, we can provide a home, garden and garden required amount of water, and low material costs.