Water - an exclusive gift, without which life onthe earth is simply impossible. Water is a constant element in the daily cycle: watering plants, household needs, cooking ... Buying land on which there is no hint that the source of inorganic compounds the problem of how to find water to wells or well, it is one of the key. We suggest you make out the most popular and effective ways.
The soil, as a rule, is 2-3 water-bearing layer, separated by impermeable layers, horizons which may vary considerably.
Aquifers are a unique underground lake, mainly consisting of sand saturated with water
At least a depth of about 25 metersWater is the first layer, referred to as a "subcutaneous" or perched. It is formed by filtering through the soil melt water and precipitation. This water is suitable only as irrigation of green spaces and for household needs.
Water is the second layer of the continental sands have suitablefor human consumption. The third layer is the water, having excellent taste and rich in useful chemical compounds and minerals.
Ways to determine the proximity to the water there is more than a dozen surface. Search well water can be effected by using one of the following effective means.
For this substance pellets previouslythoroughly dried in the sun or in the oven and placed in non glazed earthenware pot. To determine the amount of moisture absorbed by the pellets before burying the pot must be weighed. Pot silica gel, wrapped in a dense nonwoven or fabric, is dug in the ground to a depth of about one meter in place at the site where drilling is planned. A day with the contents of the pot, you can dig up and weigh again than it is heavier, the more moisture it has absorbed, which in turn indicates the presence of nearby aquifer.
The use of silica relating to the category ofsubstances which have the property of absorbing moisture and hold it allows for only a few days to determine the most ideal for drilling wells or arrangement
To narrow the search space waterWell, you can use at the same time several of these earthen vessels. More precisely determine the optimal location for drilling can be achieved by re-burying the pot with silica gel.
Moisture-absorbing properties has alsoordinary bricks made of red clay and salt. Determination of the aquifer occurs on a similar principle with pre- and re-weighed and the difference vyschityvaniem indicators.
Indications 0.1 mm Hg barometercorrespond to the difference in pressure drop height of 1 meter. To use the device, you must first measure it the pressure on the bank of the existing nearby pond, and then move along the device in a place intended arrangement source of water production. On-site drilling of air pressure measurements are made again and the calculated depth of water table.
The presence and depth of the groundwater well is also determined by conventional aneroid barometer
For example: barometer on the river bank up 545.5 mm and in the area - 545.1 mm. Groundwater occurrence level is calculated on the basis of:.. 545,5-545,1 = 0.4 mm, ie, the depth of the well will be not less than 4 meters.
Trial Exploration drilling is one of the most reliable ways to find water to wells.
Exploration drilling makes it possible not only to identify the presence and the level of occurrence of water, but also to determine the characteristics of soil layers, occurring before and after the aquifer
Drilling is performed using conventionalgarden hand drill. Since the depth of the exploration well on average is 6-10 meters, it should be possible to increase the length of its handle. For work use drill enough, screw diameter is 30cm. As the penetration of the drill so as not to break the tool, excavation should be carried out every 10-15 cm soil layer. Wet sand silver can be seen at a depth of about 2-3 meters.
An illustrative example of a test drilling is presented in the video:
Place in the arrangement of the well shouldbe located no closer than 25-30 meters below the drainage ditches, compost heaps and garbage, as well as other sources of pollution. The most successful placement of the well - on an elevated plot.
Repetitive terrain aquifers in the high places are a source of more clean filtered water
Perched Rain and melt water is always dripping withelevated position in the lowland, where gradually drained in the waterproof layer, which in turn displaces the clean filtered water to the level of the aquifer.