The well at the cottage sometimes the onlysource of drinking water and want to see the quality of the water in it was good. Therefore, already on the water searching step is to know at what depths the best are located aquifer veins. To reach them, you have to explore the entire site and choose the most opportune place. Consider as well for water to various methods.
The water in the ground is retained by water-resistantlayers, which do not start it or on the surface or more deeply. The main component is a clay layer, which is highly resistant to moisture. Sometimes there are stones. Between the clay layers is a layer of sand, clean water retention. This is the aquifer, to which should be reached in the process of digging a well.
Clay layers securely hold the water-bearing veins
In some places, the sand core can be thin, inother - huge. Most large volumes of water in the obtained field cusps impervious layer which is not exactly horizontal, but with the differences of heights, bends. And where does clay distortion, changes the direction of height, it produced a kind of breaks that are filled with wet sand. These places are so saturated with water that they were called "underground lakes".
When digging a well, you can stumble upon the aquifercore very quickly - 2-2.5 meters from ground level. Of these aquifers for drinking water taking is undesirable. Due to the proximity to the soil surface in the core penetrate the top of water rains, melting snow, sewage, polluting the water and significantly reducing its quality. Specialists such superficial veins are indicated by a special term - perched. Moreover, these layers are not stable enough. If the summer is hot and there is no rain, water from lakes verhovodnyh disappears, and hence the well it will be gone. So is the "peak" summer vacationers can stay without water, and until the autumn.
The vadose receives a lot of dirt and chemicals from the soil surface
The optimum depth, which should leadSearch for water wells - 15 meters. At this depth, the line passes continental sands, host very large volumes of water. A considerable thickness of the sand layer helps to maximize cleaning aquifer veins from all kinds of garbage and "chemistry."
To find water, not necessarily invite specialists. For many centuries people in villages treated on its own, using the observation of nature and animals.
During warmer months, in the early morning or late afternoonInspect the area. Where close ground water near the ground fog is formed. And you can determine how deep the water-bearing vein is located on its consistency. The thick fog - the water closer. Mists caused by rising moisture from the ground, do not stand still, and come out clubs or trail in the soil itself.
Field mice will not make nests on the ground, if the water is close. They will carry their homes on tall plants, branches of trees.
If the owner has a dog or a horse, in the summer,when there is a cake, it is necessary to observe their behavior. From the horse's thirst begin to look for water in the soil, and to beat a hoof in a place where the highest level of humidity. Dogs try a little "knock down" the body temperature, so dig in wet areas of the pit and take refuge in them. The moisture evaporates and cools the earth, animals and therefore tend to settle down in these points.
Dogs feel close the water and dig wells in these areas to take refuge from the heat
Poultry is also a good indicator. Chicken is not carried wherever feels the proximity of water, but the goose specifically chooses the place where the cross-bearing veins.
In the evening, when the heat subsides, you can watch and midges. They begin to get off in groups to form "columns" of the most humid area places.
It has long been on the depth of the aquifer,person informed of the plant. Moistureloving will never live in a place where the water is very deep. But if the country is rampant in full mother-and-stepmother, hemlock, sorrel, nettles, then the soil moisture is sufficient.
By growing plants in the country, you can determine at what depth passes water-bearing vein
Alder, willow and birch trees grow well in wetsoils. If they krone tilted to one side - so there should look for the aquifer. Never will grow well in areas with similar levels of ground water apple, cherry. Fruits are constantly rot and wood - rooting.
In addition to observations, to search you can use and different devices. Consider how to find water wells by using the items.
In the morning will put the same throughout the sitevolume glass jars, turning their necks to the ground. The next morning, check in what appeared condensate. What it is, the closer the aquifer.
We waited a couple of days to no rain fell, andthe soil became dry. Take a dry salt or crushed into small pieces of red brick, poured into an earthenware pot (unglazed). Weigh, record evidence zamatyvaem all in gauze or spandex and buried in the ground two feet. After one day pull out the pot, remove the material and re-weighed. The greater the difference in weight, the closer the water-bearing vein. Incidentally, the modern approach vlagonakopiteley and silica gel.
- Take two pieces of aluminum wire at 40 cm and 15 cm Bends at right angles.
- We put them in the hollow tube (preferably cut from elderberry and cored).
- Check that the wire spun freely in the tube.
- Grab with both hands on the handset and go on the site. The ends of the wire to be deployed to the left and right. If underfoot would be water-bearing vein - will converge to the middle of the wire. If water is found to the right or left of the man - the ends of the wires turn in that direction. Once the water-bearing vein passed - wire again unfold in different directions.
- Finding a place clamp aluminum, go again, but perpendicular to the direction in which the first move. If the place is closing again - there and dig a well.
- Cut the vine branch, which on one trunk two fork extending at an angle of 150 degrees to one another.
- We bring home and dry.
- We arrived to the country, taking in both hands the ends of the branches to the trunk of the middle and turned facing upwards.
- We go on the site. As soon as the trunk bent to the ground - and there should look for the water.
Raised up vine trunk bend to the ground as soon as the water will feel close
Vine and aluminum give a signal that the ground waterIt is, but it may be perched, which is not suitable for the well. So after finding places with high humidity Preliminary drilling in order to understand the depth at which the aquifer is located.