plant Encyclopedia

Growing varietal phlox: features planting and care of "fire flower"

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The diversity of species, varieties and hybrids

Almost all kinds of phlox - perennial. Of all the species diversity of a phlox Drummond - annual. The plants of this kind erect or creeping stems. The height can reach 10-150 cm.

Five-petalled flowers are collected in inflorescence onthe ends of the shoots. The number reaches 90. Painting petals is extremely diverse: white, raspberry, dark red, purple, with stains and dots. Fruit - capsule with seeds of a quantity ranging from 70 to 550, depending on the species.

Drummond Phlox

Additionally Annual phlox Drummond, all plants of this kind of long-term

Phlox Ground Cover - decoration flower garden

This creeping plant, the first to bloom ingarden. The flowers appear on them in mid-May. Very popular phlox styloid. It is so named for the small oblong leaves, in appearance resembling an awl. The plant loves the sun. When planting it is important to choose a place not too waterlogging, to avoid rotting the root system. When styloid phlox fades, it must be trimmed by one third. It stimulates growth and more abundant flowering the following year. In winter styloid phlox need to cover. Well suited for this dry foliage. Styloid phlox is ideal for decorating the rocky hills.

Love gardeners use and other varietiesphlox ground cover - a charming, forked, Douglas Rugelli. They bloom in late May and are perfect for decoration of flower beds. Very interesting color of flowers phlox Rugelli - purple-blue. It features lovely phlox - Easy soils. They can arrange retaining walls, the foot of the stairs. The best time for planting groundcover phlox - spring.

Phlox styloid

Styloid phlox can be any color of flowers - from white to various shades of purple to

Ryhlodernistye grades - beautiful and unpretentious

They bloom after groundcover. Among the most popular varieties ryhlodernistyh - splayed (Canadian). Gardeners love it for the simplicity. Wild species blooms magnificently blue flowers with intoxicating fragrance, like violet. Under favorable weather conditions Phlox divaricata is covered with flowers in late May and blooms for about a month. If the dry season, the plant fades much more quickly. The color of flowers cultivated varieties ranging from white to violet and purple. Planting Phlox divaricata, you should always make sure that he is not overgrown with weeds.

From ryhlodernistyh varieties are also very beautifulstolononosny phlox. It is widely used in landscape design, because this type is growing rapidly and carpets the ground luxurious carpet. Blooms white, pink, blue flowers. Another nice feature for gardeners - Easy illumination. Stolononosny phlox thrives in shady areas. It can be planted under trees. The plant is resistant to dampness.

Stolononosny phlox

The flowers are phlox stolononosnogo extremely beautiful. Particularly interesting raspberry-pink color

Hedge phlox - for moist shaded areas

Shrub varieties may be undersized (up to 1 m)tall (over 1 m). Of the low-growing phlox popular Caroline. Domestic growers prefer two varieties - "Bill Baker" and "Mrs Lingard." The first appearance is similar to the Canadian phlox. Its color petals - pink. The second - the highest among low-growing varieties (up to 110 cm). White petals. In Russia, these varieties are well acclimatized, because normally develop in acidic soils.

From tall bush varieties of special attentiondeserve phlox Arends. They bloom early and long delight the eye with fragrant flowers. They are densely planted, because plant stalks are weak and could be affected by the weather. Grade feature is that they are capable of trimming after re-bloom. To do this, the shoots are cut immediately after the first flowering.

For gardeners are of interest two other speciesbush phlox - spotted and paniculata. They are quite common. Spotted Phlox gets its name from the original color of the flowers. They are covered with purple spots and strokes. The variety can be planted in the ground poluzatenennyh. Phlox spotted often decorate the space around water bodies, the foot of the trees. The most popular varieties - "Rosalinda", "Omega", "Alpha", "Delta", "The White Pyramid," "Natasha". Phlox paniculata advantage compared with spotty - stronger stems.

For more information on a variety of phlox, you can learn from the video:

"Fire Flower" in landscape design

Phlox look great in singleslandings and in the compositions. Phlox styloid luxurious look to the Alpine hills. They are planting flower beds and lawns framed to give a mottled appearance. Phlox paniculata - the perfect decor for unsightly items. For example, they can mask the old curbs. The lushly flowering bushes will be invisible tanks with water or other unpresentable, but very necessary items on the site.

phlox compositions used for modelinggarden space. They are well suited for its division into zones. On the terrace landscape, these plants are placed in the second tier. Thanks to this solution, you can achieve the beauty of the terrace, to which plants are not located on adjacent tiers. A good option - landing bright lawn. If instead of the grass area to plant phlox, it will resemble a chic colorful carpet. Srednerosloe phlox make out the edge of the garden paths.

Phlox in landscape design

Phlox are well suited for the decoration of the waterfront on the site

We are looking for "good neighbors in a bed"

Phlox are beautiful in and of themselves, so they can beplanted separately. But many gardeners consider these rustic flowers and prefer to combine in a group with other plant species. Perhaps this view is not entirely true, but to "dilute" phlox still would not hurt.

One of the most advantageous options - landingphlox against the background of silver conifers. Also good idea - to land in the neighborhood of phlox dwarf daylilies, such as irises. They will cover the lower part of a high "fire flowers", and the composition will look complete.

Some gardeners create compositions of phloxand roses. The idea of ​​a controversial, since both species look gorgeous on their own or in combination both can lose. But if you choose the right colors, this experiment can be very successful. Good will look bright saturated colors of a rose on a background of white or pink phlox.

Phlox and roses

design options: a combination of phlox and roses close shades, "diluted" cineraria

How to combine colors in the design of the garden?

With the combination of different types of phlox in onecomposition should remember the golden rules of harmony of colors. It is not necessary to plant flowers along with warm and cool colors. It is also desirable to combine two or more species of phlox with spotted and speckled petals. The compositions of white phlox against the background of dark colors often do not look very good, because dark background "eats" even the most beautiful white flowers. But the dark background on white - a perfectly acceptable option. Aesthetically looks groups of the same color, but different shades, landed consistently.

Phlox as curb

Multicolored phlox planted in groups along the border, and decorate the space is zoned

Vegetative and seed reproduction phlox

Like most garden plants, phloxpropagated by seeds, cuttings and division of the bushes. To choose the adult division bush - 3, and preferably 4-5 years. If you plan on planting phlox spring, the shrub can be divided into 15-20 pieces, and in the fall is better to play safe and reduce the number of new plants to 4-7. This difference exists because the spring phlox better take root and root.

Spring harvesting cuttings

Of grafted phlox should be from May until mid-summer. Then the percentage of survival of the bushes will be much higher. Harvested cuttings from all possible stem of the plant. For this purpose it is cut into pieces 2, each node. This is best done on a cloudy day. After harvesting cuttings immediately planted in fertile soil abundantly watered, so they are rooted.

The soil for planting cuttings better prepareown by mixing equal proportions of earth, sand and humus. Planted cuttings watered regularly. Ideal - cover them with foil. The root system begins to form about a month after planting the plants.

graftage

For harvesting cuttings of the stem is cut into several pieces, tops removed

Especially in the fall propagation

If there is a need for propagation by cuttingsphlox "off-season", all manipulations should be carried out in a cool room with a constant temperature. For this purpose, suitable cellars and greenhouses. In the autumn cuttings can not be planted directly in the open ground, because they do not survive even the first signs of cooling. For planting choose a suitable container or pot in which young plants take root and grow until the spring. Landed on their site can be in May, when there is no risk of morning frost.

Cuttings phlox 7 days of age

If the cuttings are prepared in the fall, they should be planted in a container

The reproduction of flower seeds

Growing from seed phlox - classic"Gardening of the genre." Seed propagation of plants is more time consuming than the vegetative, but it has a distinct advantage - high adaptability. Phlox, grown from seeds better adapted to the peculiarities of climate and soil. A significant drawback of this type of reproduction - the possible loss of the varietal characteristics. Planting seeds is meaningful only if no other options or if the amount of planting material is more important than saving features of the variety.

Seeds can be purchased or expelindependently. They are collected in the period of withering leaves. Then the boxes already become brown, but still do not manage to crumble. Planting seeds can be directly on the site, and it is better indoors. The containers are laying a mixture of humus, sand and soil, plant the seeds and cover ground at 1-1.5 cm. In December, the containers are covered with snow, and in mid-March, transferred to the greenhouse. In the soil the young plants are planted in late April. First - in a greenhouse, a month - on the site.

Seeds phlox

After dropping off the seeds, you can put the container in a house on the windowsill

How to prepare the soil and plant phlox

Although the plants are well tolerated poluzatenennyeareas, it is better to plant in well-lit places: so flowering will be more abundant, and plants take root better. The water should not stagnate. The ground will suit sandy, loam, peat and humus. Very good humus of birch leaves and pine needles. You can not make fresh manure.

Soil loosen, remove weeds, fertilizecompost, watering. phlox can be planted as soon as soil razmerzaniya With spring planting. Then it is likely that they will bloom later this season. In the autumn planting until mid-October.

Plants are put at a distance of 35-50 cm from eachother. A more proximity is necessary only if the scheduled landing in a bush. Older plants need transplanting. If the flowers become smaller, it is time to think about rejuvenation phlox. His dig, divide and transplant.

Rejuvenation phlox

The first signs of aging plants may occur for 3-5 year of life, then it's time to divide them and replant

What you need colors for normal development

phlox Care for a little different from the careother garden plants. They need to weed, loosen the soil, crop withered shoots. If a grower wants to grow short and surround the bush, you can do periodically pinched. It should be remembered that the nipping postpones the flowering period of the plant for about two weeks, and even for a month. It is best done in May. The later be manipulated, the longer the bush does not bloom.

Phlox is equally not tolerate aexcessive soil moisture and drought. In summer, they have to be watered. This can be done not only in the morning and evening, but during the day. The main thing is to pour water under the roots and try not to spray on the leaves. In hot dry periods phlox can be watered twice a day. For soil moisture retention mulch with peat or humus. Suffice layer of 5 cm.

Mineral fertilizers applied to the soil everyweek from the end of June until the end of the summer. The concentration of additives is changing gradually increased from 2 grams per liter to about 8 g, and then reducing the same. Phlox prefer fertilizers with nitrogen and phosphorus. It is possible in the "Ration" add ammonium nitrate (2 g per liter of water). After mid-August, fertilize the plant is not necessary. In winter, it is desirable to cover phlox, especially if they are newly planted.

Feeding phlox

To the plants bloom well, they must be fed and dive

Danger of mildew, and spotting

Phlox often suffer from mildew andspot. Signs of disease: dots and spots on the leaves, their shrinkage. Diseased leaves should be removed, and the plant processing Bordeaux mixture or analogues. It is possible to spray for prevention. In this case, one should not expect the symptoms of the disease, and the processing needed to hold the spring.

Plants can be attacked filamentousworms or nematodes. In order to avoid misfortune, should not be planted phlox in areas where strawberries grew. If the plant is already ill, one method of treatment - elimination with a clod of earth and disinfected with lime soil.

insecticides can be recommended "Sumi-Alpha" for preventive and curative spray, "Karate", "Fury", "Kinmiks". For more information about pest control described in the video:

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