plant Encyclopedia

Lobelia: growing from seed planting technology and maintenance, planting in the garden


Lobelia - perennial flower, but in terms ofcentral Russia it is grown in open ground as an annual plant. Lobelia looks great as a border along the garden path, the contour of the flower bed or pond on the alpine hill and in pots. Well it as a groundcover in the landing carpet and a basket plant in hanging baskets. Harmonious partners for lobelia: petunia, Impatiens, carnation, verbena, rudbeckia, pelargonium, salvia and other garden flowers.

In late autumn lobelia can be dug, planted inpots and stored in a greenhouse or in the balcony, so that in summer, the second circle, to land in the garden. The plant is in the wintering period is poorly developed, but, subsequently, will bloom profusely.

Flowering lobelia

Lush color sky blue lobelia pleasing to the eye from June to the end of autumn

Flower blue lobelia

Especially touching blue lobelia with a white eye in the middle

Lobelia along the track

Compact bushes spherical lobelia beautifully set off the garden path

Garden forms and types of lobelia:

  • Compact. Round bushes up to 20 cm in height.
  • Upright habit. Columnar shrub height of about 30 cm.
  • Climbing. Cascading long shoots 30 to 50 cm.

Lobelia varieties:

  • White. "Riviera White", "Snow", "The White Cascade," "Shalunya", "White Fountain", "Nicole", "White Lady".
  • Blue. "Sapphire", "blue chip", "Cambridge", "Niagara", "Nostalgia", "beads", "Blue breeze".
  • Blue. "Blue Cascade", "Emperor Willy," "Crystal Palace," "Cosy Corner".
  • Pink. "Rosamunde", "Riviera Pink", "Pink cascade", "Crimson ring".
  • Mauve. "Miss Klibran", "The Lacemaker", "Margot."
  • Red. "Marquis," "Red Cascade ',' Red Fountain '.
  • Multicolor. 'String of pearls, "" Serpentine "," Merry Notes "," Viennese Waltz ".
Lobelia in decorative flowerpot on a bed

Small lobelia ultramarine color in harmony with white flowers. Effectively look lobelia planted in tandem with pansies in decorative flowerpot

Pink and white lobelia

Delicate combination form a pink and white lobelia, planted in the neighborhood along the border and in decorative flowerpot

The white lobelia in a hanging basket

Planted in a hanging flower basket, white lobelia grows in the shape of a ball that resembles a puff of air

Basic conditions for successful cultivation and abundant bloom lobelia:

  1. Loose and lightweight, not very fertile soil (sandy, loamy soil).
  2. Planting in well lit, sunny location.
  3. Regular watering - lobelia loves moisture.
  4. The dosage fertilization.
  5. Pinching or haircut seedlings, pruning mature plants for better tillering.

Sowing the seeds for seedlings

Start sowing lobelia better with the end of February, orat any time during March. However, some growers are practicing planting flower in December-January. But if there is no possibility of additional illumination, with sowing seeds of lobelia seedlings it is desirable not to hurry: the seedlings in this case, develop slowly, and with a lack of light exposure are drawn up. Lobelia, planted in March and grown only in natural light, more viable and compact, less affected disease "blackleg".

Cascade lobelia multicolor

Proper cultivation and for seedlings lobelia Care will contribute to its abundant flowering

Lobelia seeds small, dust-like - foruniformity of planting often mixed with sand. Seeds are planted in the ground for the purchase of seedlings or harvested in the autumn of soil mixture of turf and vegetable garden soil, compost (humus), peat and river sand. To normalize the acidity of the soil substrate can add dolomite or lime.

You can buy granulated lobelia seeds that are easy to plant in a peat tablet and tapes - so you get rid of time-consuming phase of the pick.

The sequence of the landing lobelia seedlings:

  1. The container is filled with land for plantingsubstrate which lightly tamped, watered and maintained throughout the day. Best of all seedlings lobelia feels wide and shallow tray fitted with drain holes. The water for primary irrigation land seedlings, you can add a fungicide.
  2. Seeds are placed on a sheet of paper folded corner and gently tapping on it, pour the prepared ground, evenly distributing them.
  3. After sowing the seeds in any case not sprinkle the ground and sprayed with a very weak solution of potassium permanganate from a spray.
  4. Posudinku with seedlings covered with glass and put in a warm place.

Soil substrate for planting lobelia seedlingsIt can be prepared from a mixture of garden soil and vermiculite. Vermiculite increases porosity and friability of the soil, it normalizes humidity. It also protects the root of plants from temperature extremes of environmental protection system, neutralizes soils with high acidity.

Proper care of the seedlings

Every day lobelia plants recommendedVentilate: to raise the glass, wipe it with condensate and, turning again to lay them flat dish. As soon as the first shoots, and it will happen in a week and a half after planting, it is desirable to remove the glass, move the bowl with seedlings in the "teplichku" - a transparent plastic bag, and tied him to put in a well lit place, but not under the direct rays of the sun . The package must be removed every day, shake off his condensate and re-wrapping seedlings.

At a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees shootslobelia can also appear earlier - about a week. But that they are not strongly stretched and gradually tempered by day it is recommended to move trays with seedlings to the glazed balcony or loggia, where the temperature is low, and the illumination is sufficient. At night, it is better to return to the house of the seedlings, providing extra lighting in the evenings and on cloudy and rainy periods.

Humidification crops produce better bottompouring a little water in the sump, since the probability of the formation of mold on the surface of the earth and rotting of seedlings. But you can be watered from above, very carefully: from the tea spoon or disposable syringe. If the mold is still formed, it is removed and carefully sprinkled soil thin layer of activated carbon or powdered washed and pre-dried sand. To prevent the disease is necessary to ensure that the soil was loose and dry measure, but avoid drying it is also impossible - a moderate watering is recommended for lobelia.

Dive in Bedding

Grown seedlings dive lobelia - seatedsmall groups, grabbing a coffee spoon several plants together with the ground and moving into a separate container. Before sparring recommended soil in the tray well to moisten, to make it easier to separate dense overgrown seedlings on heaps. When transplanting plants in groups between the left range of about 2-3 cm, slightly tamped the soil with your fingers and then watered. After picking lobelia will begin to grow rapidly when the shoots reached 3 cm, it is recommended they cut a few mm - so they will be better bushes.

dive lobelia

Dive lobelia should be performed very carefully, moving small bushes seedlings from the tray into individual containers

Watering seedlings lobelia

For watering seedlings using lobelia disposable syringe or a small spoon to drops of water do not fall on the young leaves

Planted lobelia from temporary containers inopen ground in early June, keeping the distance between the bushes 10-15 cm transplant is performed on the same principle as the dive:. small groups, seizing the plants with the soil a small shovel or trowel construction. For planting choose a sunny or penumbral area of ​​the garden with a rich humus soil damp. Needless to fertile land is bad for lobelia - increases plant lush greenery and flowers sparsely.

Quite often resorted to trimming busheslobelia to a height of 5 cm in the middle of the summer, leading to a widening of its flowering and new wave. At this stage, the plant can be a bit fed about once a week to water-soluble fertilizers.

Lobelia in landscape design

Option # 1 - in the flowerbed

When planting lobelia on a bed or ridges,you first need to consider scheme of coloristic flower arrangement. Gentle nyuansnye beds formed of varieties of flowers of related colors: blue, blue and purple; pink, lavender and white. Impressively look contrasting color combinations on a bed: blue and yellow, blue and red, crimson and white.

Red lobelia on a bed

Red lobelia upright habit looks great next to the variegated yucca and orange flowers of calendula

Alpine hill with lobelia

Blue LOBELIA ERINUS forms the lower tier of the rock garden, side by side with emerald and purple Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow', a red pelargonium, Tusi and silvery wormwood

Lobelia on a bed with polzuchkoy, edelweiss, pansies

Original ridges composed of lobelia, zhivuchka "Metallica Crispus" purple pansies and silver edelweiss

Lobelia with edelweiss in the flowerbed

Blue lobelia flowers combines with whitish star-shaped inflorescences Edelweiss

Red lobelia on a bed with Rudbeck

Contrast solution for decoration flower beds: upright habit view of red lobelia "Queen Victoria" paired with yellow flowers rudbeckia hot

Driving multicolor flower bed with red lobelia

Red lobelia erect amidst lush multicolor klmby looks very original

Driving beds with red lobelia

Driving beds with lobelia: 1. Stem-Rose «Pleniflora»: yellow, red and white. 2. Sunflower «Capenoch Star». 3. Mac Icelandic. 4. St. John's wort. 5. Lobelia cardinal. 6. Catnip Fassi. 7. Bell Pozharsky. 8. Katananhe blue. 9. Geum «Feuerbal». 10. Stonecrop «Matrona».

A flower bed with blue lobelia in a reservoir

Driving beds with lobelia in the water: 1. Bamboo-listokolosnik. 2. The hybrids of bearded iris. 3. Lobelia. 4. Ajuga reptans. 5. Bell Pozharsky. 6. Aubrieta hybrids. 7. Bruner macrophylla. 8. Sagina subulata. 9. Ajuga reptans krasnolistnyh. 10. donax.

Option # 2 - in hanging baskets

Ampelnye types of lobelia spectacular in hangingspherical baskets - they form a continuous floral cover, completely hiding the frame of a wire or a rod. The simplest version of the landing of lobelia in a flower basket - is the use of coconut shells, where bore holes and put the plant on the outside of the basket, after filling it with soil mix.

Blue lobelia in a hanging basket

The contrasting colors of blue lobelia with yellow flowers, planted in a hanging flower basket, creates a lively atmosphere on the garden terrace

Wicker pots with lobelia

Tiny flowers of blue lobelia planted in wicker planters brighten up the monotony of coarse masonry

As the liner is also used moss, sphagnum moss,which is pre-soaked, drained and spread on the form inside the basket. Then fall asleep to cart soil mixed with peat and fertilizers of prolonged action. At the top of the basket upright plant lobelia species, along the rim - ampelnye varieties, keeping the distance between the bushes. In this type of planting can be combined with lobelia petunias, phlox, pelargonium, ivy.

Option # 3 - in decorative pots

Lobelia looks amazingly decorativepots, it is important only to compose her companion plants. If you use a low flowers paired with lobelia, to diversify the composition in the round by landing a flowerpot can be plants with foliage of different texture and size of the inflorescences.

For a perfect fit widepots large diameter concise configuration or provided with a narrowing and pedestal. Flower Arrangement will be more dynamic, if you combine a compact upright habit with the lobelia plant species.

A colorful composition with lobelia in pots

Combining lobelia variety of colors, can be given to any corner of the garden a colorful entourage

Lobelia in a flowerpot with pelargonium and petunias

Bright floral arrangement will beautify your garden if planted in a flowerpot blue lobelia, petunia white, red pelargonium and ivy

Blue lobelia imitates water

Small blue lobelia flowers perfectly imitate the water poured out of the pitcher, - such an unusual flower bed can be set up, lobelia landed in lying on its side a terracotta pot

Pots of lobelia for rubber boots

Outlived their children's rubber boots will be useful to you as pots for planting the blue lobelia

Originally complement garden landscape vase in the form oflarge high vases - hang-downing lobelia can be planted in the bowl itself, and its compact appearance - at the bottom, on the background of bright dumping. Spectacular bar in garden design will make a group of vases of different diameters and heights, which can grow lobelia contrasting shades.

Option # 4 - Flower tower vases

Lobelia looks favorably verticalcontainer gardening, flower planted in the tower or the so-called "bookcase" of the flower pots. For the formation of such a composition can take from 3 to 5 white or terra cotta pots with a difference in diameter of about 7 cm. After filling the lower ground pot set rebar, which deepened in the garden soil through the drainage hole for the stability of a flower tower.

The gentle landscape composition lobelia and alyssum

An unusual variant of vertical gardening set at each other's white vases with blue lobelia and sweet alyssum

The remaining pots, chosen for the verticalcomposition, from highest to lowest, are strung on the valve, fill the soil substrate, tamping it, and before reaching the upper edge of the capacity of 5-7 cm. The landing lobelia in combination with other colors is performed from the bottom to the top, and then profusely watered. In this embodiment, vertical gardening blue lobelia goes well with red and white Impatiens, pink and purple petunias.

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