Staying in the country, in a villa residence hasadditional difficulties, because they do not always have a centralized communication. Residents of the periphery to improve the living conditions in a cottage or house so that it was no different from the city of decent housing. One of the points of a comfortable life regard the continued availability of water in sufficient quantities. In this case, it will help special equipment - pumping station with their own hands. Due to the self-installation is possible to save the family budget.
Main number of wells in the suburban areasIt has a depth of up to 20 meters - optimum for installation of automatic equipment. If these parameters do not need to acquire subsurface pump, automatic control system or intermediate tank: straight out of the hole (or well) water is fed to the analysis points. To ensure proper connection of the pump station, you need to figure out what it is made and how it works.
The main functional station units is the following equipment:
- Centrifugal pump that provides water rise and its transport to the house.
- Sphere, softening water hammer. It consists of two parts separated by a membrane.
- Electric motor coupled to the pump and pressure switch.
- Pressure switch, which controls the level in the system. If the pressure falls below a certain parameter - it starts the motor if there is a surplus of pressure - off.
- Pressure gauge - a device for determining the pressure. With it, make the adjustment.
- intake system equipped with a check valve (located in a well or borehole).
- The line connecting the intake and the pump.
With this formula, you can determine the maximum suction depth: diagram shows clearly what measurements for this to be done
The most common variant of the pumping station - accumulator with a fixed top surface and a pump assembly comprising pressure gauge, pressure switch and protection against dry running
As seen from the table, the cost of pumping stations can be different. It depends on the power, the maximum pressure, capacity, manufacturer
Before installation of the pump equipment will need to purchase all of the functionality of the parameters according to the well and plumbing system.
At first glance, places for installation of equipmentquite a lot - it's free of any area in the house or outside. In fact, everything is different. However, only a well-thought-out installation of a pumping station ensures complete its work, so you need to comply with certain conditions.
- the proximity to the well or the well provides a stable water absorption;
- room should be warm, dry and ventilated;
- Placement should not be tight, as required maintenance and repair work;
- room must hide the noise that produces pumping equipment.
One of the options for installing a pumping station - a specially attached to the wall shelf. Premises for the installation serves as a boiler, boiler room or laundry room
It is difficult to comply with all the conditions, but it is advisable to adhere to at least some. So, look at a few suitable sites for installation.
Option # 1 - a room inside the house
Well insulated boiler on sitecottage - an ideal area for the installation in the case of permanent residence. The main disadvantage is the poor quality with good audibility of sound insulation premises.
If the pumping station is located in a separate room of the country house, it is best to arrange the well directly under the building
Option # 2 - basement
Basement or cellar can be equippedof the installation of the pumping station, but that you should consider when designing. If there is no heating in the room, and the floors and walls are not insulated, you will have to spend a lot of effort to prepare it.
Well furnished basement is perfect for mounting the pump station. During pipeline construction in the basement of the house should be to make a hole for communication
Option # 3 - a special pit
A possible option, having a couple of pitfalls. First - difficulties with maintaining the desired level of pressure in the house, the second - the difficulty of repair work.
By arranging the pump in the well station, a specially equipped site, adjust the level of pressure that depends on the capacity of equipment and parameters standpipe
Option # 4 - caisson
A special area near the exit of the well is also suitable for mounting, the main thing - correctly calculate the depth of its location. The desired temperature will warm the earth.
The pumping station is located in the well caisson, has two advantages: the full noise insulation and protection from freezing during cold weather
In the absence of dedicated seatsinstall the unit in the common areas (hallway, bathroom, hall, kitchen), but this is an extreme option. The loud noise of the station and comfortable rest - concepts incompatible, so for mounting the pump station in the country to better prepare a separate room.
Well, as is usually close byat home. To pump station is working properly and smoothly, it is necessary to ensure the smooth flow of water from the source to the equipment, which is located in a special place. For this purpose lay pipeline.
Low winter temperatures may causefreezing pipes, so they are buried in the ground, preferably to a depth which is below the level of soil freezing. Otherwise, the insulation should be produce line. The works are as follows:
- digging a trench with a slight slope towards the well;
- openings in the base device for the pipe at an optimum height (if necessary);
- pipe connected to the pump equipment.
During the line arrangement can befaced with such a problem, as the presence of high standing surface water. Pipes in this case is mounted above a critical level, and to protect from cold or heat insulating material using a heating cable.
Advantages of polyethylene pipes and fittings over metal counterparts: no corrosion, easy laying and maintenance, low price (30-40 rubles / n. M.)
In this scheme, the pumping station installation shows an insulation of pipes above the level of soil freezing
The best option for the thermal insulation of external water pipes is a hard "shell" of the expanded polystyrene (thickness - 8 cm) wrapped in foil
For the insulation of pipes, which are laid above the level of soil freezing, often use inexpensive and environmentally friendly material - mineral wool on the basis of basalt.
On the outer side of the polypropylene tubefasten metal mesh, which will serve as a pre-filter. In addition, the check valve will need to ensure a stable filling the pipe with water.
It is possible to buy ready-made hose with check valve and pre-filter, but equipped with their own hands will be much cheaper
Without this detail will remain empty tube,hence the pump can not pump water. Check valve fix via coupling with an external thread. Equipped thus put an end to the pipe in the well.
Pre-filter for supply hose - a metal mesh with small cells. Without it, the correct operation of the pumping station can not be
After completing these steps, you can do well ennoblement tip.
So, how to correctly connect the homepagepumping station, to further not encounter technical inconsistencies? First install the unit on a specially prepared surface. It can be brick, concrete or wood. To ensure stability, the legs are screwed station by means of anchor bolts.
For mounting the pump station there are special leg-supports, however, to provide additional stability equipment necessarily fixed using bolts
If an appliance put a rubber mat, you can pay off the unnecessary vibration.
For easier servicing the pump station is mounted on a base height of a normal table, made of durable material - concrete, brick
The next step - connecting pipes running from thewells. Most often it is a polyethylene product with a diameter of 32 mm. To connect require coupling with external thread (1 inch), metal angle with male thread (1 inch), the check valve with the same diameter, straight cock "American." All items put together: a pipe anchoring sleeve, "an American" fix by a thread.
A check valve is located in the well, the second is mounted directly to the pumping station. Both valves are used to protect the system from water hammer and provide the correct direction of water movement
The second output is used for communication with thewater network. Usually, it is located at the top of the equipment. Connection pipes are also made of polyethylene, as an inexpensive, elastic, durable material. Fixing takes place in a similar way - by means of "American" and a combined sleeve (1 inch angle 90 °) with external thread. First, "an American" fasten to the exit station, then tap mount coupling of propylene, finally fix a water pipe in the sleeve by soldering.
To complete the connection, sealing of the seal. Traditionally used winding of flax, applied on top of it a special sealing paste
After you connect the pumping station to the system intake and water supply system, you need to check the quality of its work.
Before starting the station it is necessary to be surefilled with water. After filling hole to start up the water so that it fills the accumulator, and the pump line. Open the gates and turn on the power. Engine starts, and the water begins to fill the standpipe until all the air is removed. The pressure will increase until it reaches a predetermined value - 1.5-3 atm, and then the equipment is automatically turned off.
In some cases it is necessary to adjust the amount of pressure. To this end, the cover is removed from the relay and tighten up the nut
As you can see, to make installation of the pump station home with their own hands is a snap, the main thing - to observe the installation instructions.