Planning arrangement of the territory of the countryarea, each owner-motorist is required to allocate a place to accommodate one or two cars. But even with a garage on the site, it does not always have the time and desire to every time, stopping in the yard, drive the car. Carport with their own hands - a great addition to stationary construction. The main advantage of this arrangement is the possibility of a pass to leave the car in the open air, which contribute to the free movement of the early evaporation of moisture, thereby decelerating the process of corrosion of metal components of cars.
When choosing a building material for everythingcanopy, many owners of suburban areas opt for the tree. Sheds made of wood, in comparison with metal structures, have a number of indisputable advantages, the main among which:
- Environmentally friendly material;
- Lightness completed structure;
- Easy installation and processing (polishing, painting or varnishing);
- Low cost.
Carport come in two varieties: fixed structure and an extension to the building.
To a wooden shed for the extensionCar created, along with other buildings on the site of a harmonious architectural ensemble, you should use the same building finishing materials in its construction. To improve the stability of the structure is further concreted poles, or set them to a previously prepared concrete pad.
Attach canopies favor a continuation of an already existing structure. One end of the canopy rests on the wall of the house, and the other - on the rack
Sheds for wooden cars can be fixed and detached buildings. For the arrangement of such structures used at least four support posts
, Calculated planning to build a shed onplacement of two or three machines, the number of racks can be increased to eight or more. On average, the construction of the canopy for several parking spaces, poles mounted on the perimeter of the site at a distance of a meter and a half apart.
Deciding to do in the area carport, should first determine the size of future buildings.
The dimensions depend on the building structurenumber and size of cars, which will be stored under its roof. But in any case, a pass length and width should be one to two meters more than the size of car
To accommodate a car length of 4 meters, the size required canopy 5h2,5 m. For storage of larger machines, such as a minivan or SUV, the size required canopy 6,5h3,5 m.
As regards the construction height, it should becalculated taking into account the height of the machine and the possible load on the roof rack. At the same time the design is too high - not the best option, since there is the possibility of loosening the roof with strong gusts of wind and rain hit oblique.
The optimum ratio of the canopy sizes to accommodate one car. The average canopy height not exceeding 2.5 meters
When planning to build a tall structure,exceeding three meters, there should be arrangement powerful cross beams, which will cover the entire canopy on the perimeter, thus increasing the strength of the wooden buildings. The roof of the gable should perform as an option arrangement is considered more reliable.
Choosing a location for the shed, it should beto give preference to a "strategic" plot points: sites outside the gates, near the garage, along the garden or vegetable garden. This will give the possibility to use a shed, not only to accommodate the car, but if necessary for storing garden tools, firewood and harvested crops.
Place a pad should be on a small hill, which will prevent the accumulation of waste water during rainfall
Council. Place in the area is better to choose on a small hill, which will prevent the accumulation of waste water during precipitation.
For the same purpose on the perimeter of the site dug drainage ditches that after the completion of the construction works are covered with grates.
Construction of the canopy of a tree with their hands asand the construction of any construction begins with the laying of the base. You can use a bar graph or a screw-pile foundation for the arrangement of such a relatively lightweight construction. The variant of the installation of finished foundation blocks or deepening themselves supporting pillars. To bookmark a base should calculate the number of poles, and under each of them dig a hole depth of not less than one meter.
Establish a support, to give structural strength to the bottom of the poles nailed cross cutting boards and concreting.
Council. To prolong the life of wooden poles to be pre-treated with antiseptic their composition, the components of which will prevent rotting wood.
The support can be fastened to the vertical bars and the base structure with brackets and corners
The very ground under the canopy can be concreted or lay paving slabs.
Install the uprights. To create a uniform slope throughout the length of the supports, the longitudinal girders are mounted, the position of which has to carefully check the first two stands. After that set the opposing longitudinal beams defining the desired incline level using the level and the rack. The angle of inclination of the longitudinal beams, grooves arranged in the upper ends of the supports should not exceed 3%.
Attaching the longitudinal beams to the supports is performed by steel angles fixed on the screws
Construction of a gable and gablethe roof is not possible without placing truss system. On the set of support laid rafters, fixing them on the longitudinal beams, keeping the distance between them is 70 cm. The extreme rafter laid on the beam, stepping 8-10 cm from the edge, to leave room for arranging the gutter. The compounds of elements of wooden frame is best accomplished by cutting the ends of the shelves - "vpoldereva".
On obreshechenny framework laid roofing. Among the most popular roofing materials are: polycarbonate, wood, corrugated board.
The main advantages of polycarbonateThey are: low cost, easy installation and excellent performance. Solving vystelit polycarbonate roof sheets, it is sufficient to measure the dimensions of the frame and with the help of power or handsaw to give the desired shape and size of the sheets.
Council. Working with honeycomb polycarbonate, it is important to follow the perpendicular arrangement of sheets of channels with respect to the earth's surface. Thanks to this arrangement penetrates the moisture will evaporate freely.
Polycarbonate sheets are fixed to the frame with screws, the diameter of the holes which should be slightly wider than the size of the screws themselves
Under the influence of temperature changes the material expands and shrinks. Small holes diameter stock will prevent cracking of the edge fastening places.
To moisture and dust from entering the cavity covering material, upper and lower edges of the closed solid or perforated strip, and mounts on the ground using rubber gaskets.
When planning to perform a roof of wooden planks, you should treat them with a mixture of surface water protection. This will allow for some years to extend the life of the roof structure.
Choosing a roofing materialcorrugated board, one should consider that the sheets are laid with a slight overlap, and their fixation is performed first in the corners and then only across the surface of the article
Fix the sheets to the frame with galvanized screws laid on rubber washers, gaskets.
Decorate a canopy that protects the car from the elements, it is possible, to equip one of the parties to frame a pergola with climbing plants: wild grapes, clematis, rose.