Before the construction of a large cottage orsmall country house on a suburban plot appears modest compact structure, which is to take call cabins, utility room or hozblok. Useful room divided by partitions into several sections, can play a role bathrooms, pantry, storage tools, or even a summer kitchen. It is difficult to downplay the significance of this building, so we consider in more detail what is needed to give hozblok and whether it can build on their own.
Hozblok - structure of small size, butuniversal, therefore absolutely not limited by any boundaries in their use. Its purpose is entirely dependent on the priorities put forward by the owners of country residence. Original outbuildings used for storage of garden tools and construction, some materials, the holiday inventory. Long-term work in the beds or in construction led to the fact that part of the premises commercial gardeners have turned into a kind of summer kitchen, so that you can and drink tea, and relax a bit.
Some hozblok more like a country house than a utility room: they are finished siding, covered with shingles and decorated decorations
Long labor makes itself felt, especially in hottime, so it is particularly care about their health vacationers identified a small corner in the shower; respectively, the partition can fit a toilet, which requires a very small area. If you allow the footage of construction, part of it can be taken away at the rest room, and when it set the bed, you can sleep peacefully until the temperature allows. It is clear that with the advent of the suburban house territory hozblok lose some of their function, however, it will always be useful and relevant.
Hozblok may be completely different in appearance and resemble any desired structure, from the usual simple shed to the fairy house, decorated with openwork carving.
Many gardeners attach great importance to the style of each object located in the area. Such a compact structure in the style of minimalism suitable for owners to keep pace with the times
You can buy ready-made structure in the assembledor unassembled, which resembles a block-modular container frame. It is formed from the corner and the channel, and then sheathed with wood stove. The advantages of this type of structure:
- fast speed of erection;
- lack of foundation;
- the possibility of multiple assembly and disassembly;
- democratic cost.
You can build hozblok their own hands, to prepare a preliminary tool and purchase material.
The most popular are farm buildings made of wood - plastic, easy to process, durable material with proper handling of ready to serve for decades
The easiest way to build a wooden shed, sheatheits exterior paneling or trapezoidal sheet and the roof cover inexpensive rubber tiles or sheet metal. The pair of walls equipped with windows to penetrate into the sunlight. The room with the help of walls or cabinets is better to be divided into several zones, differing in purpose. To feel comfortable in hozblok winter, its walls, floor and roof should be reinforced insulation - mats of glass wool, polyurethane foam, or membrane.
Place for regulated utility roomSNIP 02.30.97, consideration being given to the appointment of hozbloka. Suppose you decide to stage a shower, in which case the minimum distance to the neighboring building must be 8 meters and up to the border area - not less than one meter. Each meter located between buildings and other objects, can benefit: you can arrange a woodpile, build a small shed or planted fruit bushes on a small piece of land.
Using hozblok as bathrooms, as well as for poultry or livestock, follow distance: up to residential buildings - at least 12 meters to the adjacent area - not less than 4 meters
On 6 acres each square meter villaterritory is regarded as gold, so the only way to save more land for planting - to unite all the domestic facilities under one roof, creating a kind of multi-functional building. It looks like a normal house with many rooms, different only in size and the degree of insulation. For example, in the same room can easily accommodate a toilet, a shower and a closet, and a large canopy on the side to replace the garage.
Driving multifunctional hozbloka consisting of several sections, which can house a recreation room, a bathroom with shower and toilet, pantry for storing canned goods or tools
Another interesting solution - the construction of the second floor. At the top of the room you can arrange a guest room, a dovecote, or barn, if the country kept rabbits or goats.
Now, many companies offer ready-built, but much more interesting to create and equip hozbloka room cottages with their own hands. For the sample we take the structure of the size 6m x 3m x 3m.
Ready hozblok consists of two separate buildings, each of which has a separate entrance. Windows are on three walls, except the back
Before the process of the construction material must be purchased:
- beams of various sections (15cm x 15 cm, 10cm x 15cm, 10cm x 10cm, 10cm x 5cm);
- edged boards;
- roofing felt (or equivalent);
- sand, gravel, concrete manufacture of cement;
- asbestos-cement pipes (15 cm in diameter).
The first phase - the perimeter marking for the futurefoundation. The bars will be located in the corners and in the middle of the long, 6-meter walls. Pre-need to prepare the ground - to remove a layer of turf and fertile soil to a depth of 20cm, the sand fill 10-cm pillow thoroughly compacted it. For each column required pit depth of about 1 m 20 cm - it should be a pillar for the foundation to put the appropriate length.
Dimensions hozbloka may be different, depending on its purpose, therefore, does not necessarily focus on the given parameters - the length and width can be changed
The bottom of each pit is also necessary to prepare: covered with a thick layer of fine gravel or sand compacted. After installing the pipe in the hole ready checked them strictly vertical position (it is better to use a builder's level), and the free space is filled with sand. The inside of the pipes should be filled with cement mortar about one-third, and then lift the section of pipe. As a result of such actions of the concrete turns a solid foundation for the foundation pillars.
The foundation of asbestos on stilts - a guarantee of stability and durability of the structure; You can build hozblok without foundation, but it will be less reliable and will serve a shorter term
This is followed until the end of the pipe to fill the cavitycement mortar. Many subsequent to enhance fixation of the base of the timber in the four corners of the column pieces assembled armature fixed in a solution and protruding upwards approximately 20 cm can be used instead of the valve anchor and anchored to the foundation:. Frame made of beams attached to it by means of nuts. Pipes should be poured carefully, so as not formed the air sinuses. The final hardening occurs only a couple of weeks, during this time should be moistened with water solution and close it from direct sunlight.
While "matures" the foundation, you can doframe assembly. The most powerful beam (15cm x 15cm) is fixed in the form of a rectangle, the long side of which is equal to 6 m, and the short - 3 m at the corners used mount "vpoldereva" slots are connected with screws (to anchor enough 2 pieces for reinforcement - 4 pieces). . Between the adjoining poles and wooden frame must be made of a layer of roofing material, the ends of which should bend down (not to accumulate rain water). For protection against insects, mold and timber moisture treated with antiseptic. One of the traditional options - two layers of varnish. frame is then amplified three transverse joists, spaced at regular intervals, using timber 10cm x 10cm.
The main frame of quality - stability and reliability, so the main attention should be paid to places of timber joints and wood processing protective equipment
timber should be used for the construction of the frame withsmaller diameter than the installation base. First, you must gather the ends of the frame, given the fact that the window openings are located on both sides. Vertical racks are fixed to the frame with steel angles and screws. In order to "put" stand on the valve base, you need to drill a hole diameter of 1 cm (thus will be assigned four corner posts). Between them are fixed struts and additional elements - by means of bolted joints. Opposite sides after assembly should look identical.
To enhance the fixation of the first and second and third and fourth racks should be installed struts - small bars of smaller section, located on the diagonal
Then, the build of the facial facade. Average fixed rack in increments of 1 m 80 cm. That they did not move while fixing the other elements, you can temporarily interconnect board, landed on the screws. It is planned that hozblok consists of 2 sections, so you will need to issue 2 doorways and install additional partition. Dimensions doorways - 2 m in height and 85 cm in width. On the front side will be and the window opening, its location - between 2 and 3 racks.
In the course of the assembly should be set window beams: the distance from the frame to the bottom horizontal - 80 cm, the distance between the two contours - 1 m
The rear facade is similar to going to the personal, butthe process is simplified by the lack of window and door openings. two middle rack should be set at intervals of 80 cm to 1 m, and between the pairs of racks fasten braces. The final touch - the upper isolation at a height of 2 m, which is used for timber 5cm x 10cm. It is formed from the elements connected to each other "butt" and fixed galvanized areas.
The assembly of rafters to perform better on the ground, and thenready-installed on hozblok. It is important to properly assemble furring - continuous or at intervals, depending on the roofing material. The angle of inclination of the roof is approximately 10 degrees. When installing the rafters are attached to the screws and overhangs and eaves are edged edged boards. To avoid cracking the pre-drilled holes for the screws.
The design of the roof is set as follows: put to lag behind the buildings, and then rises to the top with the help of stops or rod and inserted into the slots
The final stage - clapboard siding on the outsidesides and interior furnishings. On the roof is laid roofing (tile, slate, sheet metal), hung the doors, the windows are inserted. If necessary, set the internal partitions of the frame type, which can be clad with plywood. For the insulation of external walls, you can use mineral wool or polystyrene.
If you have at least a little experience in carpentrywork construction cottage hozbloka not seem complicated and convoluted. In the future, more reliable and sturdy structure can be erected in place of the first test case.
If the domestic space is being built after the construction of the house, it can be done in the form of an extension to the main building by making an additional internal input
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