Gabion called containers, rolled outmetal wire are filled on-site with gravel or stone. These engineering and building construction many years ago were widely used in the construction of military fortifications (redoubts). Now, with the help of gabions form the banks of reservoirs, arrange retaining walls, strengthen the slopes. In addition, mesh boxes of regular geometric shapes are used as decorative elements in landscape design. Usually, gabions with their own hands is not made, acquiring the factory grid of suitable size in the right quantity. Delivered mesh containers straightened on-site installation and fill the selected bulk material. Designers have invented a lot of ideas for decorating gardens areas gabion structures. Some of them can be successfully implemented in its stead copying seen the creation of the image. A bit harder to develop their project proposals ready studying landscape design professionals.
After reviewing the video, you can visualize what a gabion, and also to see how the use of this unique building material.
Manufacturers gabion as starting material galvanized wire, which coverage density of 250-280 g / m2. This value is five times greater than the densitygalvanizing "netting" mesh, used in the device of various kinds of protections. Instead of galvanizing the wire can be applied to PVC coating. The thickness of the coated wire within a range of 2-6 mm. Mesh containers must have special durability achieved through the use of technologies of double torsion wire. The grid cells are in the form of a regular polygon. The filler is selected based on the size of grid cells. The gabions are supplied with extra large sectional compartments, preventing the protrusion of mesh walls at the time of loading of filler.
Individual boxes are fastened into a single monolithicstructure with a wire. It is not recommended to use other types of wire, other than that from which were manufactured gabions. Cheap analogs may lead to deformation of the structure and its premature failure.
Gabion mesh consists of rectangular frame filled with large stone or gravel, the size of which exceeds the dimensions of the mesh
Here are the properties of gabions attract builders and designers:
- Flexible metal mesh walls allowGabion take any form of soil surface. Not afraid of gabion structure and seasonal ground motions. During the construction can only be slightly deformed due to its flexibility in this, but not destroyed.
- Gabion by stone filler haveexcellent water permeability, so the structure does not undergo hydrostatic load. During installation saves time and resources, as it does not require a drainage system for water drainage device.
- Stability and durability of gabion structures withtime only increases, as in the soil builds up between the rocks, the plants germinate. Their roots are intertwined and further reinforce the entire structure.
- Installation does not require heavy gabionsconstruction equipment (except for large-scale projects to strengthen the shoreline and slopes), so is possible to preserve the natural landscape, minimizing the degree of human intervention in the ecological environment.
- Gabion structures are durable and able tostand for years without incurring damage. This quality is ensured by quality galvanized wire as well as the properties of the stone filler listed above.
- Properly designed structures of gabions not require repair and maintenance during operation.
- When using gabions possible to save (in comparison with the device concrete structures), and reduce labor costs.
By geometry gabions are divided into three types:
- flat (mattress-tyufyachnye);
All gabion structures can be divided into three main groups according to the frame shape: cylindrical, flat and box that may be welded or sieve
Dimensions of box containers canvary in the following ranges: width - from 2 to 6 m, width - from one to two meters, and the height - from half a meter to one meter. Structures with large dimensions complement the dividing partitions, called diaphragms. Boxes are made in two ways: welded and mesh. The first method involves the welding wire rods, stacked perpendicular to each other, in the areas where they intersect. In this case, the cells have a rectangular box shape. To connect the wall using a special wire spiral. The second method (screen) based on the grid is attached, made of steel wire double torsion to a rigid frame. In this case, the grid cells are hexagonal.
Important! Box-shaped gabions suitable for the device fencing flower beds and vegetable beds. Also, rectangular containers may be part of the fence. Gabion perfectly with wooden sections Gated Community. Use boxes and the installation of street furniture in recreation areas.
Flat (mattress-tyufyachnye) gabions, heightnot exceeding 30 cm, are capable of repeating all bends and irregularities in the surface. This type of facilities being built along the banks of rivers, ravine slopes, laid on the bottom of shallow ponds and streams. At the same time as a filler is usually a pebble. From flat gabions, if necessary, arrange a solid foundation on which later set box-shaped structure. Underwater foundations and retaining walls erected part of the cylindrical gabions able to flex in all directions.
Choose stone gabions, depending onlocation (surface or underwater) to erect buildings. In the course are both natural and artificial stones coarse crushing. This takes account of their shape, size, composition. The most popular hard rock volcanic rocks: basalt, quartzite, granite, diorite. Often filled gabions and sandstone, as well as other rocky rocks are characterized by high frost resistance and durability. Gabions used for decorative purposes, can be filled with alternative materials: wood Spili, pieces of pipe, glass, bat tiles, bricks, paving stones, crushed concrete and others.
Type, shape, size and color of the stone used filler, has an impact on the quality of miniature construction of gabions
At arrangement of surface gabions recommendedstone fill a size fractions by a third longer than the twisted grid cell. Underwater structure filled with an even bigger stone, half-size larger than the mesh of the cell container.
To gabion structures merged with the locallandscape, to be used for filling natural stone extracted in the local quarries. Gabion spread rounded boulders, crushed gravel, pebble. In each case, the structure will appear in its own way beautiful.
Important! To isolate the gabions on the territory of the plot and underscores the special texture of the walls is recommended to lay the asphalt next to them or break the lawn. Against the background of a flat surface containers filled with stones, will look very original.
To build structures made of gabions need the following materials:
- metal grid;
- special metal spirals;
- steel pins;
- Filler (stone, sand, gravel, debris and other loose building materials).
Before beginning installation, check forall supplies on the list. The absence of any member can delay the process of installation of the gabion. For compounds gabion panels using staples or metallic spiral, with one of the walls serves as a cover, and must therefore be opened. After filling it is also attached to the coil adjacent panel. With the help of pins with pointed ends the box is firmly anchored to the ground.
metal mesh Filling stonematerial is carried out in two stages. The mesh container stacked layers stone up to half its height. Then the opposite walls of the gabion tightening the braces to prevent protrusion of the back and front panels. Brace called special wire ropes. Their number depends on the length of the gabion. Braces or stiffeners passed through every four to five mesh. Then proceed to the second step, is to continue filling the container with gravel or stone.
Stones of a large size, and laid out the bottomfacial gabion walls. The middle of the container can be filled with fine gravel or even debris. To backfill is not trapped between large stones, using geotextile. She lines the space between the stones, falling asleep it available material. Then, close the filling on top of the ends of the geotextile, which press down a layer of large gravel. After filling the container lid is closed and the strainer is tightened wire spiral.
The use of gabions in landscape designdictated by the need to create a unique site on the reliefs. These lightweight and durable at the same time designers create structures on level ground elevations and depressions, which are then used to breakdown the colorful flower beds and artificial reservoirs, decorated babbling waterfalls.
Box-shaped gabions used for the manufacture of garden furniture, in perfect harmony with the tree, from which the table top and two benches
Another option of using gabion complex form in the manufacture of garden furniture, is located within the area in a recreation area
Gabion cylindrical shape acts as unusual flower bed fencing. Against the backdrop of the stone filler delicate flowers rich hues look especially nice
Retaining wall made of gabion curved shape, which is built into the design of a shop in the form of boats for rest and contemplation of the beauty of the garden
The use of gabions in the design of the coastal line of the reservoir, which is located on the estate. Wood, stone and wrought-iron railings complement each other
You can turn any land infairy garden, bringing joy and peace. To do this, you have to work yourself or hire professional designers, who know how to make and install the gabion and than fill it.