Where else but at their summer cottage can be fullya break from the routine of city problems. How nice outdoor barbecue and spend a pleasant evening with friends and family. The place where equip oven for cooking daily meals and barbecues, as well as a convenient platform equipped with a dining table, many of us are familiar with as a summer kitchen. Cozy summer kitchen in the country, equipped and originally decorated with their own hands, often a favorite place for hanging out for all family members.
Species buildings for cooking anda meal there more than a dozen. If a starting point to take the degree of openness of the kitchen area, the kitchen is divided into open and closed.
Open kitchen resemble gazebos or porches Attached Garage
Outdoor summer kitchen with your own hands due to the absence of walls allows visually create an effect of freedom. The main elements are the open kitchen stove, sink for dishes and kitchen furniture.
The material of manufacture of such structuresoften playing: for the foundation - stone, and for most of construction - wood. Roof settling on request of the owner. Some of them do not specifically canopy in order to achieve maximum unity with nature in the area. Wanting to build a summer kitchen in the country without a roof, the owners assign a place for construction under the crown of the tree.
The main advantage of open kitchens - they are well ventilated, they are not hot hot summer.
Closed kitchen resemble a full house. Such constructs can be used not only in summer, but throughout the year
Equipped summer kitchen can be closedIt serves as a convenient place to overnight guests, a kind of hunting lodge for active recreation and a temporary storeroom. Closed kitchen erected mostly of plywood, boards and drywall. Wishing to create a more robust design that will last for decades, as a manufacturing material chosen stone, brick and concrete blocks.
Building a summer kitchen with his hands apartsaving financial costs is another advantage - the ability to combine building materials, experimenting and creating original designs.
Successfully combined kitchen with barbecue and barbecue, as well as a veranda or gazebo
Regardless of what materials will bebuilt design, the main thing that the kitchen was convenient and comfortable. Excellent will be provided if the kitchen water supply and drainage is equipped through a pipe outside the building.
Place in the kitchen, where all the family willdaily spend enough time at the dinner table, is selected such that it is convenient for the supply of electricity, water and other utilities. Most preferably, to equip the kitchen in the distance from the business area with pets, as well as toilets and compost heaps.
When planning the construction of a summer kitchen, materialproduction of which will act as a tree or another neognestoyky material, it is desirable to withstand a distance of 8-10 meters between buildings legkovozgaraemymi
A very good option when food isdirectly above the cellar. This decision will allow to arrange all the necessary products at hand. And in the period of preservation of blanks easily pull up the cold cellar time. Location dishes on a small slope will allow a separate drain rainwater and melt water.
The device starts with the foundation of sitingsurface leveling and marking the future construction site. If we build a summer kitchen with his hands open version, the alternative to the foundation may make the simplest platform recessed just 10-15 cm. For everything it is necessary to remove the layer of the earth and covered the bottom of the pit formed by sand. After that, everything is carefully compacted and to lay paving slabs, bricks, planks.
Under a more solid structure laidtape or columnar type of foundation that has deepened to 50-80 cm. For relatively light structures of wood boards laid pier foundation. It is located equidistant around the perimeter of the building stone or brick columns that accept and distribute the load of the structure.
the base tape type is capable of receivingload heavier constructions made of stone, brick and foam blocks. It is a trench filled with concrete, which is located around the perimeter of the building.
And here's what a slab foundation:
Slab foundation - one of the most durable types of grounds. But the resource is also the most need for it
Stages of construction of the foundation directly depends on the design you have chosen. Basically, this process takes place in several stages:
- Excavation. On the marked perimeter removed a layer of soil depth of at least half a meter.
- Tamping sand cushion with a thickness of 15-20 cm.
- The construction of the base. Filled with a foundation in fine weather freezes during the week.
- Construction of the floor, which serves as the basis forsand 15 cm pillow. Compacted sand hiding gravel layer and filled with cement mortar. Wanting to lay floor tiles, you can upload it once already on the concrete floor.
An example of the construction of strip foundation:
Summer kitchen floor level must be above ground level not less than 5 cm. This will prevent water from entering and spreading along the floor open room during rain
Wooden construction elements are held together withwith screws and self-tapping screws. The beam structure is desirable to be made of metal parts. Exterior walls can be built sheathing board 20 mm, and the inner - plasterboard, paneling or the same board.
The easiest way is being built kitchen of wooden or metal frame, covered with boards
Thinking through how to build a summer kitchen ofbrick, stone or concrete blocks, it should be noted that for the construction of the building will require knowledge of masonry materials and skills of construction of the wall. For the construction of the summer kitchen is often used in the technology of laying one brick, or even in a half-brick.
Wanting to equip the premises in the stove, it is necessary at this stage of construction put this area brick
The same work can be done on arrangement of work space area with an oven-barbecue:
Article on the subject: Stationary barbecue made of bricks with their hands: Equips picnic area
Subsequently, in the construction of the roof installation must be provided to remove exhaust pipe from the working zone of the space heat and smoke.
Wood-burning stove is able to emphasize only those unique interior summer kitchen, use it for cooking will significantly save energy
special fireclay bricks are used for everything furnace, which is resistant to high temperatures, but it is an excellent heat conductor, quickly warming up the room.
Raising walls of the building, do not forget that for a closed variant cuisine is necessary to provide one or more windows
Very impressive look to the summer kitchen windowfloor - the entire height of the wall. This solution allows you to not only bring additional sunlight into the room, but expand the space visually. Sealing joints between the openings and frames can be performed using silicone gaskets.
The most simple in execution is an optionflat and pent roof configuration. In addition to the ease of erection improvement pent roof is less expensive event. However, most of the roof gable do.
The most widely used in the construction of a summer kitchen received a gable roof, which allows the building to give greater harmony and completeness
roof frame is constructed of longitudinal andcross beams. The material of the roof of a building often serves slate, tile and metal. The choice of material is based on a harmonious combination with other structural elements. When planning to equip the room, which can be used in cold weather, it is advisable to provide for the application of the thermal insulation layer, in which can act as a polystyrene or mineral wool.
If you plan to build a shed roof instead, then as a roofing material may be used roofing, corrugated glass or polycarbonate
When installing, please note that sheets of material should extend beyond the perimeters of the structure in order to ensure proper water flow. At the final stage installed windows and doors.
Floor can be laid out 20 mm boardswhich subsequently vskroyutsya varnish and color in an interesting shade of paint. Ceilings premises can also be sheathing boards and open the layer of varnish. Using as a ceiling covering plasterboard, you can vary the design, worked with the interior color combinations.
When choosing items for the interior, it is advisablegive preference to original things, made of porcelain, clay, forged items and carved wood, which are able to emphasize the taste of its owner.
Design a summer kitchen at the cottage should be combined with other buildings on the site. Fine, if they are made of the same material and made in one color gamut range
Gently lacquering wooden floor will be a viable alternative to the parquet flooring. No less interesting to look at the design of a summer kitchen and floor tiles
Interestingly will look rungs and beams supporting the roof, like those used in the past in the villages
In addition to the functional interior element - stove design can be supplemented by products made in ethnic style
When deciding for themselves how to make a summer kitchen,site owners get an excellent opportunity to build an original design that will allow enjoy a meal and a good time in a cozy room, feeling the unity with nature.