Many gardeners and horticulturists to equiptheir plots greenhouses. It empowers them growing healthy, environmentally friendly products. Vegetables and fruits can be produced all year round. The main thing is to develop a project correctly, choose good materials to build, buy or order high-quality finished design. What types of greenhouses exist? For what purposes are suitable various projects? We offer a comparison of various greenhouse designs: the pros and cons, especially the installation, operation.
Particularly noteworthy polycarbonategreenhouses, which are becoming increasingly popular and in demand. Elimination of glass and film in favor of polycarbonate allow to improve the design and development of new projects. They make the greenhouse more efficient, and caring for plants becomes more convenient. This became possible due to the unique properties of a new material - lightness, strength, flexibility and good thermal insulation.
We invite you to pay special attention to the greenhouse Kremlin from the manufacturer - it has shown itself very well in our climate.
Compared to glass polycarbonate is much easier and more durable, easier to install. From it you can create fixed and mobile greenhouses any form.
One of the most popular designs - in a greenhousea house. This form has been popular for many years, until they gradually began to displace more cost-arched greenhouse. The disadvantage of the design can be considered a high consumption of materials for construction, and the virtues necessary to carry large internal volume and ease of care of plants
There are free-standing greenhouses and adjacentto buildings. If the first type of all is clear, the second implies that one of the walls of a dwelling house or outbuildings used as a supporting structure for the greenhouse. Typically, these greenhouses heated make and use in the winter season.
In addition to the usual constructions, acquirepopularity unbanal economical and efficient greenhouses adjacent to their homes. Very interesting idea vegetariya winter arrangement. There are several options. One of the most popular - vegetary Ivanov. This greenhouse is made of polycarbonate, built on a slope, in which the house wall is used not only as a building structure, but also as a screen-reflector of sunlight.
Sloping roof solar vegetariya Ivanovadesigned so that solar rays falling onto the surface at a right angle and almost not reflected. In this way, plants obtain 4 times more heat and light. All the energy goes to lighting and heating greenhouses
Vegetarii already named a new generation of greenhouses. This design - the invention of the ordinary school teacher of physics, but it is better than many others suitable for our climate. How does it look from the inside and outside of the solar vegetary Ivanova, you can see on the video. The owner tells about the features of growing plants in a greenhouse:
Particularly noteworthy design separatelystanding greenhouses. Some of these projects can be realized and the buildings adjacent to the house. The main thing to determine exactly to their needs, abilities, and find out how to arrange a greenhouse, to calculate the area. The most popular designs:
- with vertical walls (they are called teplitsami- "houses" for the resemblance to residential buildings);
- in the form of lancet arches (another name - arched greenhouses);
- with inclined walls (less common than the first two types of structures);
- with a mansard roof (a greenhouse built in the form of so-called Dutch hay barn).
There are winter and spring greenhouses. Despite the "speaking" name under "spring" refers to the greenhouse, which is used from March to November. Winter necessarily require heating. Depending on the mobility distinguish stationary and mobile designs. Plants placed racking and besstellazhnym ways. And the use of ground and ungrounded (aerial, hydroponic) techniques for their cultivation.
The photo shows the shape of the Chinese winter framevegetariya improved design adapted for use in our latitudes. builder task - to minimize the resource consumption for heating buildings without prejudice to the plant. Wide side vegetariya oriented to the south. Unlike other constructions of the type that is designed without considering laying pipes in the ground. Heating will be provided by a compact wood-fired boilers
Winter greenhouses operate year-round. They are great for growing vegetables for personal and commercial purposes. Heating issue can be solved in different ways: install boilers, furnaces, radiators. Each owner chooses the most affordable and suitable option for themselves. Winter greenhouse can be either freestanding or adjacent to other buildings
Of all types of greenhouses "house" - is still the mostcommon design, despite the emergence of new, more practical modifications. The reason for this popularity - the convenience and versatility of design. It is a framework in the form of the house, above which is a gable roof. Walls build a height of about 1.5 meters from the ground, a roof ridge at a height of 1.8-2.4 m Thanks to this arrangement, the greenhouse owner does not have to bend his head, taking care of plants, and planting can be positioned on the shelves, racks:. Space is enough.
teplitsy- "house" or the glazed frame orclosed cellular polycarbonate. You can tighten the film. Gable roof - a significant advantage, since Snow does not linger on the sloping surfaces and ramps down. Due to this increased load is not created on the upper part of the structure. Pros greenhouse is not always compensate for disadvantages - high cost, complexity of construction and substantial heat losses that occur through the north wall. It is recommended to further insulate the panels, but it also increases the cost of everything.
Option greenhouses with very vertical wallsbeneficial owners of those sites that can collect design with their own hands. One of the popular ways to reduce the cost of construction - use of old window frames for glazing frame and installing a simple base of timber as a foundation. The use of polyethylene film can hardly be considered the best way to save, because material itself is short-lived and distinctly inferior to the strength of the glass, especially polycarbonate.
Polycarbonate design comes inunassembled. It is collected and already installed on site. The buyer can select the desired number of sections depending on the types of crops that are planning to grow. To maintain a comfortable microclimate greenhouse is equipped with a window. Installation design can fix it, buried in the foundation soil, included in the kit, but brick and even wood foundation is much more reliable
Greenhouse as a lancet arch - complexdesign. Its main drawback is that its extremely difficult to design and build their own hands, as opposed to the traditional "house". Difficulties arise when bending the metal carcass and with its cladding. Glass can not be used because it does not bend, so the available materials - film and polycarbonate.
In most cases, the arched greenhouse acquire ready-made. It's an expensive purchase, but it is justified, because the owner gets more practical than that "house" shape.
Self-build arch greenhouse is difficult, but possible. The video describes the process of creating an arch with wooden arches with their hands:
Greenhouses are widely used notOnly in the household of many gardeners. Industrial building complexes such form. They can be used for the cultivation of plants, sorting, storage or even processing. It all depends on the size and construction planning. The draft is selected based on the number, type of plants, the method of cultivation and location.
The arched shape allows less greenhouseheight than require structures with vertical walls. They are better able to resist wind loads and, most importantly, transmit more light into the room.
A greenhouse is a structure height of 2m and width of 3 m. What is the length of the owner decides, focusing on their needs. Greenhouse lengthened with additional sections. On the rooftop ventilator. The design provides special partitions separating culture from one another. So it is possible the simultaneous cultivation of different plant species. Modification of "Sunny House T12" strengthened by the tick arcs - 1 m
The disadvantages of greenhouses in the form of lancet archesshould include the potential risk of cracks in the roof during a heavy snowfall. Snow often have to clean off the hand, because He poured down much worse than with a gable roof "house." If the layer is too thick, the roof can not withstand.
There are also restrictions on the layout of the internalspace. The arch greenhouse is difficult to place the shelves, racks, etc. When caring for plants, the owner is not always convenient. All this solves the problem, but when choosing between the arch and the "house" is to weigh all the factors that take into account the potential difficulties.
From ready-arched greenhouses are especially popular series "Sunny House" and "King's house". Features of "royal house" design shown in the video:
Greenhouses with walls arranged at an angle,is a design, in appearance resembling the familiar "houses" and in terms of functionality and practicality - the arch. In such greenhouses wall mounted inclined inwardly at a slight angle. This increases base like an arch, which gives more space for arrangement of beds. The height of the structure may be less than the "house".
The absolute plus of this project - without the possibility ofmuch trouble to build a greenhouse with their hands, because it is not necessary to bend the frame. Glass is suitable for plating, including and Used. Frequently used polycarbonate film. Another advantage - the "self-cleaning" gable roof. Regardless of the roof structure, it is better to set the window to ventilate the moisture. design Minus - limiting the installation of shelves along the walls of the inclination.
In calculating the greenhouse with sloping walls shouldpay attention to the slope of the roof slopes. If the angle is not set correctly, or does not provide ventilation, the roof can collect under the humid air, which leads to the reproduction of microorganisms, fungi, mold, moss. This "neighborhood" may significantly damage the plant health
The design with mansard roof - ita kind of greenhouse with vertical walls, but instead install a roof gable roof. She copes with the loads on it is not late snow.
Roof roof gives more space abovehead compared with the arch. Other features not otherwise have such greenhouses are the same advantages and disadvantages as the conventional structures with gabled roofs. The walls can be positioned and shelves for tiered plant cultivation.
Making a decision about the structure of the roof, should bethink well, what design would be optimal. Roof roof advantageous looks, but in most cases it is not necessary. But the design requires extra calculations, increase the number of materials. The owner must be sure that these costs will be repaid
Described types of greenhouses are the most common, butvariety of designs are not exhausted. Each type has its own advantages, assignment features. When choosing a design, shape, materials need to consider many factors. We offer detailed video overview from a specialist. Comparison of different types of materials and greenhouses will help determine the choice of optimal design:
If you already have compared the various greenhousesdesigns and choose the right, you can start the search. A little secret sellers: the demand for greenhouse higher in spring and summer, so in winter they can be purchased at a discount.
When you purchase do not trust intermediaries anddealers, try to purchase a greenhouse directly from the manufacturer. Be sure to read the technical documentation, check the packaging on the model ordered. Adhering to these simple guidelines, you increase your chances of buying quality greenhouses, which will delight with fresh vegetables and fruits for many years.