Buildings in the garden

Greenhouse Polycarbonate: design options and building their own hands

Greenhouse Polycarbonate: design options and building their own hands

Greenhouses and other installations usingPolycarbonate today popular among gardeners and owners of private houses. Polycarbonate - a relatively new inexpensive material that has a lot of advantages, which is why greenhouse polycarbonate with their hands for many is the best choice. To build it yourself it is possible to maintain - simply and grow crops in it - a pleasure. Today, many aspire to grow vegetables yourself, afraid of GMOs, and any fairly advanced host suburban area is always proud of his harvest and enjoy working in a greenhouse.

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Why polycarbonate?

When compared with other types of polycarbonateplastic, it is inexpensive, and looks very attractive and modern. That is, in addition to functionality, the greenhouse is also aesthetically attractive object in the area.

Aesthetics of polycarbonate greenhouses

Polycarbonate - a modern material, and howmost modern materials it has aesthetic appeal. Such a greenhouse, in addition to the direct purpose, it will look good and at the site

The material has a good ability to dissipatelight, high degree of thermal insulation. Resistance to wind and snow loads, impact resistance, resistance to UV radiation - also a lot of advantages of polycarbonate.

Homemade greenhouse polycarbonate convenientbuilding, buying ready-arched suites. Before you start building, calculate the size of future greenhouse based on the size of elements of polycarbonate, based on these parameters will need to be equipped with a simple foundation and basement.

The most common size of polycarbonatesheet 2,1 / 6 m. By bending sheets obtained arc with a radius of about 2 meters, the height of the greenhouse is the same as the width will be approximately 4 meters. To create a typical greenhouse enough 3 sheets, its length will be an average of 6 m. You can choose to slightly reduce the size of the greenhouse, or increase, adding another sheet. And if you need to increase the height of the structure, the base can be raised on a plinth. The most convenient for the greenhouse is a width of 2.5 m. This size allows you to place two beds inside and make a pretty spacious passage, even where it is possible to carry the trolley in between.

Important! Polycarbonate - transparent material, to keep within the design flow of light and send it on a bed, not allowing to dissipate, it is appropriate to be used to cover the walls of a special composition with reflective properties.

During the construction of greenhouses of polycarbonate sheetsWe advise to choose the form in which the flat sections alternating with arched, as on flat sections of the effect of the reflection of sunlight is reduced to a minimum, there will be less glare and light will give its heat to the plants, rather than dissipate, which is typical for the arch. With proper combination of curved and flat elements of the greenhouse effect can be achieved when the heat and the light absorption coefficient is close to the optimum.

Features production of greenhouses:

  • inside space should be arranged optimally;
  • Polycarbonate sheets need to use it is expedient that the amount of waste was minimal;
  • foundation and base are constructed based on the selected size;
  • the climate in the greenhouse humid and warm starting fromthis, it is necessary to select the material for the frame - galvanized profile is most convenient, the choice of wood it should be pre-treated with special solutions - copper sulfate, antiseptics.

Tools and materials required for the work:

  • polycarbonate (thickness 4-6 mm);
  • materials for the frame (steel pipes, wood or galvanized profile of your choice);
  • jigsaw, screwdriver, drill (4 mm), screws for polycarbonate (for a metal frame - with brown).

What foundation is best suited?

Greenhouse should be located on a level, well-lighted place. Best location in length - from east to west. Variants of arrangement of the basement there are a few for her.

The foundation on uneven area

It happens that the location for the greenhouse is onlyarea with an uneven surface - in this case, you can use the extra boards or other material for leveling the soil, then fill up more ground, compacted, until the surface is smooth

If you want a wooden version of the foundationfor greenhouses made of polycarbonate, whose service life is small - up to five years, the vertical supports should be just immersed in the soil, they can be fastened to the steel corners, driven into the ground. Used timber size 100/100 mm, it is mounted on the perimeter of the greenhouse. But such a foundation, even if the process wood preservatives not last for long.

To create a more practical foundationuse curbs, blocks of foam or aerated concrete, brick. If the soil in the designated area greenhouses loose, masonry is done along the entire perimeter. If dense, we can restrict the individual columns, which are installed on a level.

The most expensive but also the most durable willMonolithic w / w foundation made on greenhouse perimeter. To install it, you need to dig a trench, install reinforcement cage, and concreting do. The design avoids repair, will be stable, problems such as misalignment, simply does not arise.

Types of frame structures

Consider three of the most convenient options frame greenhouses under polycarbonate.

Option # 1 - arched frame for greenhouses

This option looks the most attractive andsummer residents used more frequently than others. It is convenient that the snow on the roof would not linger in the winter, the carrier elements will be spared from overload, the load on the foundation also decreases. In the standard sheet length of 6 meters, the width of the greenhouse is 3.8 m, height - almost 2 m.

Arched greenhouse with air vents

for greenhouse ventilation is needed, therefore, in addition to the door, it is desirable to make even the window. In this hothouse three ventilation holes - two on the side and one on top

arched frame

The circuit construction of greenhouses with an arched frame. For plating film roll can be used in two layers or sheets of polycarbonate, it would be more practical option

Option # 2 - frame in the shape of a house

This structure with a gable roof andvertical walls. If you choose this option for a frame of polycarbonate greenhouses, the greenhouse can be made of any size, but you will need more material.

Frame-house

Such a greenhouse with a framework in the form of the house is well transmits light and heat, roof hatches operate ventilation function - all the conditions for good growth of seedlings and vegetables

The choice of materials to create a frame

Wood - a popular material for constructioninexpensive greenhouses. But its drawback - the fragility and the need for constant repair. The tree is not often used to create polycarbonate greenhouses.

lean-to greenhouse

This pent Galicia - an ideal option for a small area, you can build it, even if you land in 6 acres, placing her in a comfortable corner

The frame of welded tubular steel - usedsquare galvanized pipe size 20/20/2 mm. When properly installed, this frame will last a long time. When choosing an arched shape for bending pipes require a special machine, you must also be able to work with the welding machine. Today, you can order a bent pipe and special organizations.

Omegoobrazny galvanized profile - verya good option is quite easy to install, and the design will be strong and light. But the profile of the arch bend and have to do it a lot of holes for bolts.

Example: building a greenhouse with the foundation of the pipes

Making using ropes and pegs marking. Then, using a garden drill, we do along the length of the four holes (depth - 1.2 m), and a pair of holes for mounting the door - its width distance. Asbestos-cement pipes are cut into pieces (length 1.3 m) in an upright position are installed in holes in the ground. The gap fell asleep sand, ramming well.

The boards are cut into pieces and a half meterslong. One end of each piece should be planed with an ax to its diameter equal to the diameter of the pipe. Impregnated preservative poles set vertically in the pipe, making a frame made of planks, which will bind the pillars at the bottom.

Rafter roof frame vystrugivaetsya,to make it more durable, it must be covered with protective impregnation. To bond the pillars at the base of the greenhouse nailed sill - strips of galvanized iron width of 25 cm for cutting can be used on metal scissors.. Tapes have 5 cm overlap one another.

Casing wall polycarbonate

Now you are ready to trim the walls of polycarbonate. Drill holes in the sheets, sharp knife, cut into sheets, taking into account the size of the roof, screws fasten them to the rafters

Metal tape needed for the roof, buttheir width is 15 cm to create a ridge. Tapes are bent at an angle of 120 degrees mallet, place between sheets of a small gap with regard to their thermal expansion, the gaps can be closed by a ribbon that was not damaged insulation.

The next step - stitching polycarbonate walls, openings for the doors are left open. Greenhouses with straight walls for insulation can be clad with time even polycarbonate layer.

Greenhouse with stable construction

The drawing gives an idea of ​​how to build a sustainable practical greenhouse with intermediate uprights and a gable roof

Boards made for the door, to dissolvehalf saw, make door and fasten them to the hinges. Door frame put on a polycarbonate sheet, by its size makes pruning knife material and fasten to the door leaf. The doors are ready, they can be hung, put handles and locks, if you are planning. The greenhouse is built from polycarbonate, the ground around it should be leveled and start an internal arrangement.

A few important tips for the construction of:

  • when using non-galvanized profile dye it, so as not to rust;
  • in the greenhouse should be good ventilation, so, except for the front door, do not interfere with the window on the opposite side of the structure;
  • the minimum width of the greenhouse at a comfortable operation - 2.5 m (space for meter pass and two beds 0.8 m);
  • for the greenhouse lighting is convenient to use energy-saving lamps, giving a white light;
  • If you plan to use heating, suitable electric heater, hot-water heating, "stove" or heat source, depending on the circumstances.

To create a greenhouse does not need a lotof time and materials costs. But it will serve you long and will be a great help in the garden of the farm, and fresh produce grown on their own, or seedlings for the garden decoration, will delight and uplift.

Video - common errors in the construction of greenhouses

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