Buildings in the garden

Dacha cabins: what kinds of designs are an example of + built with his own hands

Dacha cabins: what kinds of designs are an example of + built with his own hands

When the land is already purchased and still only cottagewill build its future owners just need a utility room. Bungalow with your own hands is acquired or erected as a temporary housing or even as a budget option for country house. Subsequently, it can be used for storage of garden tools, barbecue and furniture of the arbor. Here you can put clothes and shoes for work in the garden or even a bicycle, toys and other items that are used while on nature. Depending on what kind of communication will be used in the cabins, it can serve as a bathroom, shower, bath, or economic unit.

Content


Various design options ready huts

For suburban areas often offer the following options huts designs.

Shielding Construction Technology

This kind of structures are considered the mostinexpensive. But even a small cost of this construction is called into question the fragility of the product boards. Typically, the base of the construction (frame) made of lumber, siding - from the lining. The role played by the inner lining of MDF or chipboard. As the insulation used fiberglass or foam. For the sub-floor is used not edging board, and for finish - inexpensive slab material. For one or gable roof construction often choose the iron roof of a small thickness. Such construction is often deformed due to the absence of ribs, rolled insulation can settle, leading to freezing of construction. Use a shed can be in the warm season of the year.

Shielding cabins

Shielding cabins is quite presentable appearance, it is a pity that it will maintain its long: due to lack of ribs, it can deform

Prefab buildings

These structures profitable shield in quality, butsignificantly more expensive. The cheapest option is to change house with a minimum number of windows and the absence of partitions. Beam, which is used as a framework structure, has a size of approximately 10x10 cm, so he is not afraid of deformation. For the inner lining of lining used. Plywood and MDF, thanks to its own hygroscopic - not the best option. The presence of a vapor barrier (eg, glassine) and mineral wool as insulation makes the house inside dry. Imitation of beam as skin structure provides a visual appeal. The floor and ceiling make double. The downside is that the interior of the carcass cabins will be less than that of the shield.

Frame cabins

Frame cabins are much stronger shield, because at its construction used more durable timber used insulation and mineral wool makes dry construction

Lumber and log cabins

Among other offerings on the market these cabinsa relatively high cost. If the cabins will remain precisely in the country and will be a bath, then products from logs or timber - is a good option. It is only right to take a bath it with all the necessary partitions and accessories (water heater, furnace, etc.) to purchase later. For the construction of square log cabins recommended beam cross-section of at least 100h150mm (log diameter, respectively, recommended in the same range). The construction should be carefully proshpaklevat. As facing material for doors and partitions are often used battens, but if you make the log construction is possible and indispensable.

Bungalow of logs

Bungalow of timber or logs is significantlymore expensive than others, but it is warmer, safer and stronger, but to build such a structure is meaningful only when it is known that it will be used in future

Bungalow container

Solely for the purposes of temporary operationused container - cabins with a framework of metal channel, whose walls are made of sandwich panels. This reliable, durable and warm design is very difficult to integrate into the landscape of the site.

Another option is the purchase of cabinsthe purchase of the former already in the building use. Before you decide on it, carefully inspect the structure: degree of wear is important. Learn about the current prices of new cabins of the same species, to rent a crane for transporting construction prices. After all, transport costs should also be added to the cost of the house. Evaluate the possibility of the entrance to the location of the facilities, find out if there are any restrictions on the entry of construction equipment in the village. And think not to make it easier to shed their own hands.

Bungalow container

Bungalow container possesses a large number ofmerit. Such a structure is advisable to buy in order to live in it during the construction of the main house and then sell. The overall design of the garden, where everything is usually made of wood, such a structure does not fit

Separate production of cabins

Despite the simplicity of an erected sufficientdesign, drawing cabins still needed. It will neatly "fit" in the shed already existing space area, orient the builder on site. Prudence will not be excessive. This is especially important if the shed will operate in the future as a bath or guest house. Plans will provide an opportunity to visualize how to build a shed with his own hands: to help make the correct calculation of the need for material and tools.

Choosing the best place

Place cabins location on the siteIt is determined depending on how the owner wants to dispose of it later. Do I need to immediately decide cabins will remain on the site, or it will have to sell as soon as the need for it has passed. If no tool shed or room or guest house site owners do not need the cabins can be sent to another site or simply sold. Then have the construction should be such that the roadway it would be easier to catch a crane.

Otherwise, it will be necessary to disassemblebuilding, which is always undesirable. If the cabins will be operated as an economic unit, it is recommended to place it in the middle of the long side of the site. Converted into a bath, cabins should be at the far end of the plot, as in respect of such buildings need to comply with fire safety standards.

The construction design of the foundation

Construction of cabins, performed with his own hands,It begins with the foundation of the device. Bungalow is not considered a heavyweight construction, so it is usually used for its construction of pier foundation. If the cabins in the future will be demolished to make out such a foundation will not be difficult. For temporary installations should choose cinder blocks - they are cheaper, and in which case they are easy to make and very.

So, first thing in the ground on the spotplacing breeze blocks need to remove the layer of fertile, well compacted earth and lay a geotextile, and then fall asleep again with sand and compacted. On the basis of the prepared set cinder blocks, placing them in the corners and in every 1.5 meters. Cinder blocks need to seal the roofing material using bitumen or mastic, and then anchoring method is fixed wooden frame construction.

Foundation cabins

The foundation for the temporary structure is simpler than for capital: it can be easily dismantled if necessary to dismantle the shed

When planning to do regular cabins, the master mustpay more attention to the foundation. In this case, the fertile layer is removed from the entire surface was covered with geotextile and sand 5 cm, which is carefully ram. Under the foundation pillars need to dig a hole 50 cm deep in the corners and every 1.5 m perimeter. However, the poles can be placed more often. Pit necessarily carpeted geotextile and go to sleep in them for a good 40 cm of compacted sand.

The foundation is better to do with bricks, and he tallshould be 30 cm (10 cm to the surface and 20 - above). In the central part of the foundation is trying to drive the valve is not less than a meter in height. It is necessary to fix the lag. Therefore, leave a blank portion in the middle, which, after placing the rods, pour concrete. Do not forget about waterproofing pillars mastic asphalt or roofing material. Control the level of a single height columns.

Create a space frame and roof

When the construction of the foundation is no longerWe are, proceed to the construction of the structure itself. We form the basis of construction: logs placed around the perimeter and thoroughly fix. Thereafter, cross laid and finally longitudinal joists. In the frame cabins spend beam 150h100 mm, which assemble the floor and support columns at the corners. Reliable connection to provide drank joists in which the boards are inserted into each other and fixed with screws. Lags are strung on reinforcing contours. To fix the vertical and attached to them using lag screws and corners.

The frame of the roof space and cabins

The frame construction is necessary to build the most carefully, because it determines the quality of construction in general, and its longevity

Frame buildings ready, now you can makeroof frame. For pent roof bars 50h100mm need. The drunk bearing bars are inserted into the rafters. Fixing takes place by means of screws. For most cabins perimeter rafters should go to 30cm. As a coating ondulin choose, it does not require special building skills. Total roof construction must contain hydraulic and vapor barrier and insulation.

On the rafters stacked crate from the boards orwooden bars as ondulin - lightweight material. Sheets Ondulina assemble lapped from the bottom up using special hardware that are supplied. Now you can install windows and doors.

Execution of finishing works

Well, the foundation has already been established cabins and terriblethe question of how to make your own shed was not so terrible. However, work is not yet completed. Lining the rough floor, do not forget to handle an antiseptic board. Between the two layers of waterproofing put a layer of mineral wool. It is important not to confuse what side waterproofing should rest up. Now we are finishing plank floor.

Finished cabins with their own hands

This is such a wonderful cabins can be built with their own hands for just a week, if a strong desire and good to try

For internal cladding buildings use OSB,if the construction is temporary or battens, if you are in the area it will have a long time. For fixing and of a different material and is preferable to use screws instead of nails. Do not forget about the vapor barrier and insulation. Outside the shed is sheathed, for example, a block house. It remains to make a comfortable porch and construction of the villa cabins can be considered complete.

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