Fence - the first thing the owner cares cottagesafter the construction of the house and summarizing communications. Strong guard protects against unauthorized intrusion, closed from prying eyes, decorated with local area. And that is not all. In addition to its direct function it still plays a symbolic role - represents property boundaries, where people feel the absolute master. What types of fences are there? How to choose the right style and material according to the needs of each owner of the garden?
The owners of sites are guided by their own needs, choosing the type of fence to give. The three main functions of the fence:
- definition of the boundaries;
- security equipment;
- landscape decoration.
All fences perform these functions more orless. However, the hosts usually focus attention on any one point. If it is important for the owner of a mark the boundaries between areas, suitable light fence or hedge of shrubs and other ornamental plants. If, however, focuses on the issue of security, the need for a more robust and reliable fence.
In any case, it is desirable that the design looks aesthetically and do not spoil the overall view of the local area, and ideally - decorated. Well, if the fence is easy to clean and inexpensive to repair.
For a solid wall of durable material owner will always feel safe
Of fundamental importance are the material and designstructure. For example, the tree is excellent for creating a landscape in a country style, wicker fence is used as an important element when you make a plot in a folk-style, stone and decorative finishing bricks are ideal for classic and weightless in the form of openwork metal design, decorated with flower arrangements look very romantic .
As for the material, then it depends on him the strength, durability and practicality fence. To properly determine the functionality, the owner need to objectively assess their own needs.
Low metal fences on the border between the relevant areas or protected cottages
Fences can vary significantly among themselves,but they are all structurally identical, consist of carrying elements and cladding. As a supporting structure using vertical columns and horizontal beams, designed to secure the casing and the gate. It is logical to use the same, of which the house was built as a cladding material. However, this is not always possible, because We must take into account the weather and natural factors:
- The type of soil. Various primers different supporting structures capable of holding, so the support should be chosen, taking into account the type of soil. Depending on the supporting pillars and the foundation can be varied and the choice of cladding material.
- Wind loads. During the construction of the fence in areas where there may be strong winds, great importance is its wind resistance. In open landscapes need to build more powerful designs than in the same climatic conditions, but in densely populated areas. Good resistance to winds have structures built on a strong foundation with the gaps or the gaps between the casing elements.
- Overall design style site. The aesthetic component is also important, so the fence should fit in with the style of the site. This affects the design and selection of the type of plating.
Depending on the functional characteristicsthere are two types of fences - barriers and protective structures. The first need to prevent the entry of foreign machines, care area portion of the child or animal. It is usually low, but strong structure. Fences-protection block access to unwanted visitors and intruders. They represent high capital construction from durable materials - stone, metal, brick. They are made up of human growth.
Fences, barriers do not perform protection functions, but define the border areas and decorate the landscape
When choosing the type of fence for the garden and its installationyou must take into account the legal instruments governing these aspects. Should be guided primarily on SNIP 02/30/97 regulating issues of planning and development areas of gardening associations and SP 11-106-97 on the procedure for the development and coordination of the design and planning documentation. Prior to the construction of the fence should be to get all the necessary permits from the competent state authorities. All the buildings in the summer cottage should be legalized.
In accordance with the requirements of building codesRules need to develop a design project so that it does not overshadow the neighboring areas. Part of the fence facing the street or in driveways, can be made of any material regardless of their transparency. This is possible in cases where the decision was taken at a general meeting of country associations. The height of the fence can be up to 2 m between sections A need to install mesh or lattice fence, whose height should not exceed 1.5m Fences set to 3 m from the house and 4 -.. Of outbuildings.
According to the norms of building fences between sites should be transparent. can be used for their construction polycarbonate
Typically, two types of foundations used - tape and pillar (columnar). The first is preferred, if it is necessary to put the lining of bulk materials. The technology of its creation is simple:
- Under the foundation is prepared ditch the necessary depth (usually not less than 30 cm), it depends on the strength and durability of future construction.
- The bottom of the trench is filled with rubble or gravel, well-moistened with water.
- In the prepared trench and install reinforcement cage formwork. Formwork built in such a way that the solid foundation height was about 20-40 cm above the ground.
- Then pour the solution design. If you plan to fence the individual spans, then put the poles at the right distance from each other.
The construction of strip foundation under the fence remains the same no matter what material is selected skin
Columnar foundations for fences, consisting of separate spans. It is made as follows:
- Calculate the number of pillars, focusing on the overall length and the length of the fence spans.
- Prepare a pit in the ground proburivaya their ordinary garden auger. Pit diameter of 20 cm is drilled to a depth of 1 m.
- The pit set poles, shall be verified the correct location on the level, and poured cement-sand mortar.
Columnar foundations are well suited for installation sheeting, slate-mesh netting
As the skin of the fence can be used in almost any material and a variety only grows with each passing year. Distributed fencing of such materials:
- Metal. Fences made of profiled sheet put in the form of welded, forged designs, netting, mesh, finished sections, consisting of a metal bracket with a tight grid.
- Tree. Use slab, boards, vine. The most common type of wooden fence - from the fence.
- Brick, stone, concrete. Now very popular Euro fences to testify. This robust and reliable design. Their advantage - simplicity in the assembly.
- Plastic, polycarbonate. Plastic design is still not very common, but it is gradually becoming more popular.
Fences made of wood appeared first. They have been known since ancient times and still have not lost their relevance. Wooden fence can be made in the form of the fence and perform a purely decorative function, and may look like a solid wood wall. Wickerwork do not need to paint, it denotes the border area, but is not protected from invasion. This fence is well suited for owners who want to decorate the land in the "rustic" style. A solid fence closes the yard from prying eyes and provides good protection.
Fences made of natural wood blend wellwith other building materials. They are environmentally friendly, no heat, pleasant to the touch, with proper care, they look good. They definitely need painting or varnishing, treating anti-fungal compounds. Modern impregnating and coating materials allow for a long time to maintain the original appearance of the fence. The disadvantages of wooden fences should include flammability. Even treated with flame retardants, they can be ignited by careless handling of fire. Install them on poles, concreted into the ground, and the transverse support.
There are many options for decorating the wooden fence. One of them - the patterning
Very popular fences of corrugated board. They do not require special care, look carefully and effectively protect the local area. Designs are easy to assemble, and thanks to their affordable cost material can afford virtually every owner of the garden. Fences made of metal mesh, chain link mesh and finished spans are indispensable in the construction of fences between sites.
They are successfully used as supports fortwine plants adorning the local area. Very beautiful metal fences wrought sections. They are easy to assemble: ready spans are fixed on the supports. Openwork pattern wrought fence emphasizes taste and aesthetic preferences garden owner.
Metal fences are very diverse, you can select the appropriate version of design in any style
The safest, but also the massive constructionmade of concrete, brick and stone. These fences are extremely durable, as they are not susceptible to corrosion, not afraid of moisture and temperature changes. They do not damage the insects do not "take" fire. Capital fence withstand heavy loads without any consequences. Another plus: they block the street noise, so well suited for areas located far away from the tracks and roads. Designs do not require special care. They can leave the natural color and can be dyed to the desired shade.
Increasingly, you can see the brick cottagesEuro fences. They are of two types: decorative and protective. The first are strong, but are designed to perform mainly a decorative function. The second is a capital structure on a strong foundation that can be protected from any external influences and intrusions. Despite the massiveness of these fences look nice. You can find the complete design of the original design. Minimum service life of such constructions - 20-30 years, even in the most adverse conditions.
Decoration brick fence art metal forging fence gives an even more respectable
They recently appeared on the market, butgradually gaining popularity due for original appearance and practicality. Plastic is durable, hygienic, not afraid of moisture, the sun, do not burst from the cold. Attractive appearance PVC fence provides them with the demand among our countrymen. However, while a few manufacturers are able to satisfy it. Fences made of plastic can be any color, texture and design. They are easy to install and dismantle. Of course, not a competitor PVC concrete or metal strength, but it is quite suitable for the construction of a pleasant-looking and quite durable fence.
Traditionally Polycarbonate sheets used forcreating awnings and canopies, but they are also able to serve as fences. They are mounted on a metal frame, combined with other materials if necessary. It turns translucent color design. It looks impressive and easy to clean. In the case of contamination of such a fence is wiped with a damp cloth or rinse with water from a hose. Mud flows easily from the surface. The cheapest polycarbonate, which is often bought for the construction of fences - Cell.
Plastic enclosures are ideal for cottages. They do not require special care, look good in any terrain
Talking about the popularity of today do not slateaccounts. Every year fewer and fewer who want to install a fence made of this material. But recently, many owners of cottages and private houses put slate design. If the owner of the site does not strive for aesthetics and functional prefers inexpensive fence, this option will fully satisfy its needs.
The advantages of slate should include lowcost, lack of transparency, ease of assembly durability and resistance to external influences. Disadvantages: unhealthy asbestos in the composition of the material to the point instability shocks, unattractive appearance. The fence will close the section from prying eyes, become an obstacle for the "escape" of pets, but pleasing to the eye will not.
Fences made of a wave and a flat slate. Both types of material have similar shortcomings
Construction and materials for making fencesmarkedly different. You should choose, focusing on the immediate needs and preferences regarding the appearance. If you are staying on the material, requiring additional decoration, consider options for decorating creepers, wood carving, metal forging. Sometimes even the regular exterior paint can completely transform the fence. Try it!