Construction of any suburban areaIt begins with the construction of the shed - construction required for storage of building materials, firewood and other household equipment. Build a barn with their hands - a simple and quite feasible task, which will be able to realize any owner who even slightly versed in construction. Since the barn is not a temporary structure, and is a multi-functional design, which can not only be used for storing necessary things, but also for the maintenance of domestic fowl should carefully consider the location of the future building.
To facilitate the work can first drawthe layout plan with the designation of sites for future buildings. For the construction of the shed many owners allocate land away from the front area, so he was hidden from prying eyes. But some are of the opinion that the barn should be placed closer to home, so that at any time have access to it. For the purpose of rational use of the territory of the little sunlit land chosen for arranging the barn, which is considered the least suitable for the cultivation of crops and of other agricultural activities.
Determine the location to place the shed rush undesirable. After all, the barn, which will serve more than a dozen years, should complement rather than contrast with the landscape
When choosing a location for the barn should focus on the location of the other site areas, as well as on the size of the structure being built, and her appearance.
With otelochnyh work can even transform an ugly hut in the original design construction, which will be spectacular decoration area
Before the construction of the shed,you must consider the shape, size and appearance of the future construction. Exterior construction can be absolutely anyone, from a simple small house with no windows and only one door, and ending with an unusual design, which in addition to the direct appointment can act element of landscape design decor.
The easiest option - the construction of a shed the size 2h3h2,5 m pent roof, which is covered with roofing material or roofing felt
This barn can be built from conventional edgingboards in just one or two days. The main advantages of the construction - the low cost and ease of erection. To transform the unsightly appearance of the buildings, the wall can be planted vines, or decorate your walls with decorative elements and flower pots.
Shed with a gable roof from an aesthetic point of view, look more attractive. Especially if the roof is not commonplace to equip roofing material, and for example, shingles.
If in addition to the kit also decorate the walls with siding, the usual unsightly barn can be transformed into a modern garden house
The variant of the combined construction of the shed, which can be used as storage space for tools, as well as a greenhouse or conservatory
The choice of materials depends on the functionalBuilding values. Basically barns all built of wood. But in order to create a more robust and reliable construction, which regularly serve for several decades, it is possible to build a shed from foam blocks and bricks. The brick barns are well suited for growing poultry and animals throughout the year. But such a structure should be to build on the foundation of small submerged.
To begin with, we offer watch the video and then read an explanation to it:
Any construction begins with bookmarksbase. Before you start building, you need to use a tape measure, mark pegs and ropes for the construction site construction. It is important to fathom the tape measure not only the parties but also the diagonal markings.
The barn can be built on a slab, a belt,or columnar-helical pile foundation. In conventional non-heaving soils with low groundwater table often lay the pier foundation.
For the construction of the columnar foundation must befenced perimeter portion and at the intersection of internal walls built prepare every 1.5 m pit depth of about 70 cm for the installation of brick asbestos pipes or bars
Installed columns need to check on the level, and then fill 15 cm layer of sand and gravel and concreted. After this foundation to stand for several days.
Council. To prolong the life and improve the waterproofing of columns, you can treat them prior to backfilling special mastic. In the processing of all of the foundation pillars will leave no more than a pair of two-kilogram cans of waterproofing material.
Pre-bars should be treated with a protectiveimpregnated and antiseptic. By purchasing a protective agent, the impregnation is best to choose a color scheme, working with that will not see the best parts of the surface treated.
In the well-established foundation is laid the foundation of the timber, the size of which corresponds to the frame size of the erected structure. The boards should be laid on the columns that are covered with roofing material
On the floor the equipped frame stacked boards30-40 mm. When vykladyvanii planks for the floor main measure carefully and cut out the area around the uprights. Having laid the floor at this stage of construction, it will be easier to mount the wall.
Planning to further align a plane floor,when attaching boards to the joists, it is desirable to use "secret" way. The number of struts is determined based on the number of angles, and the availability of door and window openings. To expose the boards strictly on the level, you can use sticks-slopes. With them, you can temporarily lock the rails in place. Nailing sticks, nails should score only halfway to make it convenient to pull out then.
By the bottom plate is attached to the joists using uprights protruding from the base of the pins, screws and steel parts
The variant of the construction of the frame on a brick base, when the perimeter of the foundation is laid first few rows of bricks, and then they installed a wooden rack.
Bars to be placed vertically,It can be from three sides of the internal process electroplane, and on the sides, looking into the barn and did chamfer. Untreated left side only, which subsequently will be sheathed with the outer boards.
On the exposed level and fixeduprights attach the upper part of the frame of the boards with cuts in the middle and both ends. All connections are fixed with screws and steel corners.
At arrangement of pent roof advanceshould provide to wooden uprights on one side was higher than the other. With this placement rainwater under the bias will not accumulate and drain.
To the rafters of the roof, you can use the board thickness of 40 mm. The length of the trusses should be approximately 500 mm longer than the length of the chassis
On the rafters make cutting at the points reliance onbars. They are then placed on a podstropilny frame and fixed with screws. Place the rafters at a distance from each other by about half a meter. In prepared, processed chemical composition frame can be mounted crate.
For cladding the roof and walls of the barn fit board25h150 dimensions mm. Planked roof waterproofing is needed, to ensure that you can use roofing material. Wanting to make the roof more presentable, as a finishing roofing good use of shingles, slate or corrugated board. Packed first board on the front part of the structure, and then the side and rear side. Place them right next to each other.
Laying out the walls with boards of the barn, you can process themelectroplane outer side. It is necessary not only for aesthetic appearance, as well as to ensure that rainwater easily rolled down on a smooth surface of the boards
To make the finished building a more attractive appearance, it is possible to paint the exterior walls of the shed latex or oil paint.
Finally I want to show an example of the construction of the shed by our German friends: