Cottage - a great place to relax, but it is alsoan excellent opportunity to change activities. No wonder that the arrangement of garden and breeding of ornamental and horticultural plants are a popular pastime for residents. However, today, and those who are going to build a chicken coop in the country with their own hands, do not surprise anyone. And zealous owners are choosing solid construction. If you build a poultry house size slightly larger doghouse, birds will be hurt or uselessly spend all feed. Such desirable eco-friendly eggs from them then do not wait. Let's find out the secrets of good solid construction.
To find out how to make cost-effectivehen house, you need a diversion space under construction. From the house's location and its design may depend in many respects. There are basic principles to be followed when making a choice:
- location. The house should be placed on a hill, because the birds in the valley will be more difficult to even walk: it is in these places are not longer dries out the moisture, and snow melting occurs late.
- Building orientation. Coop must be properly focused on thethe cardinal. The rectangular building on a length from east to west. The ideal placement of the house will be when its windows are located on the south side, and the door - to the east. The window should fall as much as possible light during the day. Temporary extension of daylight significant effect on egg laying hens. However, in the heat of the window to be obscure.
- Temperature. For chickens negative and too high, and toolow temperature. Even at 25 ° C poultry productivity decreases by half, and if the temperature rises another 5 degrees, all chickens will stop laying. In the case of heat the chicken coop windows must be equipped with plywood shutters. In winter the optimum temperature is considered to be 12 ° C.
- Peace. Chickens should feel relaxed, so the chicken coop you need to choose a place away from the zone of active recreation. Protection of the chicken coop hedge - it is a good idea.
- Area. Location should be chosen taking into account the dimensions of the future structure. At 1 m2 henhouse premises should have no moretwo chickens. If the chickens will live in the henhouse, and in winter, it is necessary to provide for the vestibule, as part of a hen house insulation to the cold air does not pass directly to the birds. For vestibule also need to take place in the construction plan.
Experts recommend choosing a place with a marginthe area in case if luck in breeding hens will encourage owners to create, for example, quail farm. After all, this farm - it's a great source of additional income is not even, and the full salary.
Coop is often called barn-wreck, but if in a businesslike way to look at this building, it can be done much more attractive, then the place to find it will be easier
To be healthy, hens must have a place for walking, so a coop with a vestibule enjoys deserved success
Agree beforehand that as a material forConstruction of our hen house we choose squared timber 100x150 mm. This low-budget option and the construction of such a material does not require a professional skill.
Select the size of the upcoming construction. The project is better to draw, to be able to accurately determine the demand for materials. Of the approximate weight of the chicken coop, and we will proceed, identify with the foundation.
Coop on the pier foundation looks very secure, neat and compact, despite the fact that everything you need is provided in it
The best option may be considered for a pier foundation is relatively easy chicken coop. Why?
- Economic benefits. Drawers of old bricks will cost very cheap, and, if desired, you can even do an ordinary stone. Cement, sand, gravel and trowel - these are the basic costs of such a foundation.
- Protection. Rats and ferrets will be difficult to get inside, and ventilation under the floor surface can prevent rotting wood.
Spacing foundation we will be usingthin but strong rope and metal rods. In full accordance with the project, on the perimeter of the construction hammering rods. Cushioning of their rope, placing it at the surface. Check the accuracy of the markings made by measuring the distance diagonally ordinary tape.
Fertile soil layer at 15-20 cm within markupcarefully remove: it is useful in the garden. Now the corners of the building and will be doing thumbs on its perimeter. The distance between them should be 0.8-1 m. Roy pit depth of 60-70cm and a width of 50 cm (two bricks). With the level of hydraulic and rope mark of 20-25 cm above the ground - a reference point for the construction of cabinets.
Pier foundation is most relevant in the construction of a hen house, because it is economical and building on it will be protected from rotting and from predators
At the bottom of the pit pour layers of sand. Medium-grained gravel 10 cm thick first two bricks laid on the bottom of the pit, they put cement mortar, mixed at the rate of 1: 3. The next two bricks put across earlier. So cabinet should be spread to the point, which is marked by ropes. Trim cabinet just below the level of help cement.
In the construction of a technological break occurs5-7 days, so that the solution was to seize the opportunity. Thereafter the columns are ready to be treated special protective mastic or simple bitumen. Between the tables and the ground should pour coarse gravel. He also poured surface inside the perimeter of the buildings.
For timber stacking process for a long time developedstandard technology, which should be followed. In an insulator the first crown of the foundation, you can use a double layer of roofing material. The ends of the beams should be connected in-wood flooring. As the lag for use 100h150mm floor beams, laid on edge. The optimal distance between logs - 50 cm. The gaps are sealed timber scraps.
Building walls are built successively placed timber with its connection at the corners of buildings in the form of lock connection "tongue and groove"
The second, third and subsequent crowns at the cornersconnected to the system "thorn-groove". As a sealant in the joints and locking between the crowns can be used lnodzhutovoe fiber. If the timber from which a chicken coop being built, has a natural moisture for safe landing crowns better to use wooden pins.
Their presence will prevent the frame from warping aftershrinkage. Under nageli need to make holes in the corners of buildings and on the perimeter through a meter and a half. They make the depth of 2.5 bar and staggered. Scoring nageli the wood should be "countersunk" by about 7 cm. The minimum height of the walls should be erected 1,8 m. Next, you will strengthen ceiling beams, rafters and set to lay the roof.
You can make the chicken coop roof pent butgable design - is the choice of visionary people. Foods and inventory somewhere you need to store. Why not use for this purpose a comfortable and dry attic space?
Of course, the roof structure is better to do gable, then feed, and equipment, and even in the winter nasushennye chicken fruits of mountain ash are in keeping
We strengthen ceiling beams, plank of anyceiling boards and insulate it. Dear rolled insulation can be replaced or expanded clay coal slag. Prior to warming need to take care of the room ventilation. To do this, put together two wooden ventilation ducts. We fix them to the opposite ends of the building. One end of the ventilation channel is flush with the ceiling, and the second approximately 40 cm below it. Tin damper on the ventilation pipes will help to regulate the temperature in the room.
Freezing and blowing floors should be avoided. Therefore, the best option may be considered double floors. In this case the board will use the 25 mm thick. The rough floor should be made from a dry edging board. On board vapor barrier is laid, followed by - bars 100x100. The gaps between the bars fill with a heater, and then finishing plank floor of the already edged boards.
If the ceiling is possible to use any of the board, the floor is only relevant savings for laying subfloors: finishing should be done from the decking
The flooring is recommended to vent the air holes, which in the winter will be tightly closed, and in the summer they can be set grille.
Well, how to build a reliable and warm chicken coop wesorted out, now you need to arrange a room in correctly. If we talk about the essential elements of the internal coop device, roost just one of them.
When calculating in perches requirements need to knowthat each bird will need at least 30 cm perch. Knowing the number of feathered inhabitants of the hen house, calculate the quantitative need for perches. Making them better from a rectangular bar 40x60 mm. Perches should be rounded, or they will injure the birds. Placing each other roosts should be at a distance of 50 cm at a height of 60-80 cm from the floor, but not on top of each other. The trays are placed under the roost, will facilitate the process of cleaning the chicken coop.
Properly arrange the chicken coop inside is no less important than to provide its competent construction: chickens need perches, waterers, feeders, places for laying hens
Designated for laying hens should be kept in a part of the chicken coop, where chickens can feel at ease and safety
Do not forget that we were worth a chicken coop for laying hens,which means that it is necessary to provide them with all the conditions that they were carrying eggs. To do this, you can equip them with the boxes of sawdust in the place where the chickens will feel peace and security.
Feeders and drinkers should be filled,clean and located on a hill. Cleanliness and order in the chicken coop can be achieved easier, if the floor is covered with sawdust or straw. Inclined floor also facilitate cleaning. In winter, the coop can be further warmed with mineral wool and foam.
To learn how to build a chicken coop with their hands in another way, offer to watch the video: