If you are in the area got bad land onwhich does not want to grow up, get its enrichment. Bring black soil is easiest, but I have to get it is not always possible, especially in urban areas. Make abundant chemistry is also disadvantageous: in the end you yourself will consume it. Only one thing: to make fertile soil itself. Or rather - learn how to cook a useful compost. It is only ignorant people fear compost pits, because they think that they emit a stench, which spoils the air in the whole area. In fact, the compost does not smell, if it is wisely to lay and maintain the activity of bacteria. How - we will understand more.
So, first of all selected on a site convenientplace for a compost pit. As a rule, it is removed in the back of the garden area, with the outbuildings, where it will not look the waste pile to spoil the overall landscape. The only caveat: look during heavy rainfall, where water flows. It should not run in the direction of the well (if available), otherwise there can get products of rotting wastes that affect the quality and taste of the water.
Variants of arrangement of the two: you can dig a deep hole, and it laid the raw material for compost, or to knock out a box of wooden planks with a removable wall for ease of use.
A deep pit is more convenient in that all vegetableraw hide into the ground and will not cut the eye, but it is preparing compost longer, and it is more difficult to mix. If, however, you will only fit the option of Organize pit right, because for the normal decomposition of organic matter needed oxygen and ventilation. A thick earthen walls and bottom of the air will not miss any. So dig a hole as follows:
- Take the ground is not more than a meter deep, three meters in length and a half wide.
- From the pit walls recede by 20 cm on each side and knocked a wooden box, dug in the corners of the column 4 and they nailed boards.
- Between the planks a distance of about 5 cm, to air all the layers of compost.
- Divide the hole into two equal portions using a wooden board to fill only one half.
- Bottom throw thick branches of trees, bark,spruce branches and straw (which will find). It is drainage, discharge excess moisture and helps compost ventilated from below. The height of the drainage layer - 10-15 cm.
Vegetable waste is stored in one part of a compost pit, but in a season of their throws several times from one half to another, to satisfy a bunch of oxygen.
Pit can be made half in the ground, not bury completely, then you will be easier to stir the contents and improve air access
The second option bookmark compost - into a box ofunpainted wood (or plastic factory). In appearance it is absolutely identical to the usual boxes, but more than a few times. When you create a frame do not forget to leave a gap between the planks and one way to do a removable, to make it easier to lay and mix the raw materials. Alternatively, you can hang a door.
Plastic composter has a bottom perforated doors on each side, through which the content is carried out ventilation, but moisten the waste will have to
Since usually such constructions are made onfor many years, the floor can be concreted, and lay on top of the drainage (such as in the pit). Some owners put into the wooden or plastic sheeting. However, over time, the tree will come into disrepair, but there is nothing eternal does not happen.
Now we have to fill the prepared place the right raw materials, which in peregniet quality compost.
Two adjacent box for the compost are convenient because you can flip the waste to ventilate from one to another without clogging while the surrounding area
To your success bunch rot and the newseason turned into fertile soil, it is necessary only to throw in the compost plant waste: leaves, grass clippings, the rests of root crops and fruits, turf, weeds, finely chopped tree branches and bushes.
Laying waste to the compost pit with its own garden, you are solving a problem removal plant debris and get a fresh, high-quality soil
To make the composition more compostnutritious, laid in it all that is not eaten themselves:. residues soups, coffee grounds, tea leaves, yesterday's salad, etc. In a word, put in the house next to the bucket of trash another container plant waste, and you will be surprised how quickly it will be filled. Suitable for composting old cardboard boxes, newspaper (black and white), the wear things made of natural materials (cotton, wool).
Now focus on the harmful from the point of viewexperienced gardeners, waste. Absolutely can not lay in the compost residues of animal origin:. Dead birds and animals, old fat, fat, intestine, tainted milk, sour cream, etc. All this with the expansion begins to exude an unpleasant smell and attract a heap of harmful insects, neighborhood dogs, cats and crows . Furthermore, putrefaction in animal remains are slower than in the plant, and your compost will not have time to ripen for the next season.
But with marine life gardeners neverundecided. Some of them do not add, so as not to attract animals to the pile, but others with pleasure thrown into the compost is all that remains is to clean the fish (head, scales, internal organs), citing the fact that they contain valuable plant for phosphorus. Only it is necessary to bury the waste deep in a heap to smell the scent not cats.
Indeed, fish feeding helpful. Therefore, anyone who is a pity to throw away a valuable product, we recommend: Do not put them in the compost and bury directly under trees, near barrel in circles. Just dig a deeper hole. So you and Feed the garden and attract stray animals.
If you cause it to lose the compost box with an opening roof, then safely is laid inside the fish waste, because the animals do not get through in such capacity
You can not lay in the pit of plastic, glass,metal objects, rubber, water from the washes and so on. They are harmful to the soil. Do not bring benefits and all paper products on the basis of laminated or colored drawings. Too much paint and chemicals present in it.
An undesirable ingredient in compost is the tops of tomatoes and potatoes. By autumn it was all amazed phytophthora, and spores of the disease will be passed with compost to healthy plants.
Do not lay in the compost and weeds fromstart or end a period of flowering. For example, if you had time to form a dandelion flower seeds ripen anyway, even if it is torn down and placed in a pile. So try to mow the weeds until the flower buds.
If you have nowhere to put the tops of the nightshade and largeweeds had time dissemination, - place them on a solid base (concrete, linoleum) near the compost pit and let it dry. Then you dropped all the vegetation in an iron barrel and ignite. Everything burned, along with disease and seeds. Will Ash useful. Her and fill in your compost pile.
To waste decompose quickly, need moisture,oxygen and accelerators putrefaction. Moisture you provide yourself pouring a bunch of abundant during those periods when the street is hot. The oxygen will penetrate into the active compost if you lay the right raw material layers. For dry waste (potato peels, straw, hay, leaves, husks, etc.) Should be alternated with green (leaves, fresh grass, rotting vegetables and fruit), soft with hard, to avoid excessive compaction. It is important that the compost is made from brown and green components made in equal shares. Fresh waste - a major source of nitrogen required all plants. Brown (ie dry) act as layer that prevents the compost from sticking. They are considered a kind of fiber, which makes the soil airy and lighter.
Try putting green and brown waste in equal proportions, as the excess will lead to a green seal, and an excess of dry raw suck nitrogen from the compost
If you need compost for next spring -add the accelerators of decomposition processes. It can be bought in a garden store concentrates which must be diluted with warm water and activate the work of beneficial bacteria contained in the product.
An excellent accelerator serves fresh manure(Horse or cow). On the field, are a couple of cakes, throw them in a bucket of water and give it brew for a day or two. The finished solution was poured into the compost heap and the contents stirred. If this stuff is not near your garden - finely chop the leaves of dandelion, nettle, legumes, pour a bucket of warm water and put in the sun. After a day or 4 mixture begins to ferment. Here then pour it into compost.
To avoid nitrogen weathering, composttop pile nonwoven fabric or covered with a black film. In the closed form of decay is faster, and this will be a sign of an active heat. Inside the compost temperature must be at least 60 degrees.
Cushioning film wooden box from top to bottom is highly undesirable, because thus you will block the path of oxygen, and the quality of the finished compost will be much worse
For the season shovel a pile of 3-4 times toensure uniformity of rotting all layers. By spring vegetable waste will turn into rich loose soil from the earth smell, which can make under the trees, mulching strawberries or mixed with the vegetable garden soil to improve its structure.