Birds are indispensable assistants in the fight against pests of green plantings. The best way to encourage them and draw them to your site — to make a birdhouse with his own hands. Giving birds comfortable cabins, owner of a suburban area provides a peace of mind for the harvest and good mood from a nice neighborhood. The birdhouse will be needed in any case: in a comfortable apartment with pleasure also to settle Swifts, black cumin, flycatchers, titmouses and sparrows.
Thinking through how to make a birdhouse with your hands, should primarily be concerned about the procurement of the material for the construction of the house.
The material of the birdhouse can serve as a Board of hardwood, such as aspen, maple, oak, birch, alder
Coniferous wood to build bird house is absolutely not suitable, since the ability to secrete resin that makes the inner surface of the birdhouse sticky.
For the construction of the birdhouse is not advisable to use particleboard and MDF that set is detrimental to bird toxins. Plywood is not the best choice: the material does not miss the sounds, sufficient audibility which requires birds in danger, bad retains heat, making it very difficult for birds the care of their helpless nestlings. The inner surface of the wooden boards should be a little rough. Give the irregularities of a smooth surface by applying horizontal cuts with a chisel, which will make it easier for birds and their nestlings exit the house out.
Before you can do the birdhouse, you should determine the size of future construction. Standard dimensions of the birdhouse: 13-15 cm bottom width 30 cm height of the birdhouse, and the diameter of the hole is equal to 3,8-5 cm Spacious apartment is not always good: in a big house can give a home more Chicks, but will it be their feathered parents?!
Numerous offspring it is much harder to go out and feed. Weakened from lack of food, the Chicks grow painful and unable to withstand long-distance flights in the autumn to warmer climes. In the compact cabin that can accommodate only two or three Chicks, the offspring grows up healthy and able to continue to maintain the strength of the species.
Ornithologists argue that the inner space of the bird houses should not be too spacious, but at the same time too close
The configuration of the birdhouse depends on where it will be attached. If the house will be suspended under the roof, to the balcony or pole, then the design should provide additional perches in the form of thin sticks or triangular shelves required for «walking» birds owners.
Deciding how to make a birdhouse out of wood, which will be placed in the natural environment and hanging on the tree, without arrangement «a pleasure» perch can and does do. On the branches adjacent to the nest, the Starling will rest, delighting the surrounding pleasant lilt of his singing.
In the manufacture of the most simple birdhouses you can use the drawing of the birdhouse with the dimensions to understand in which even a schoolboy
To build a compact and easy to bird family the house will require:
- edging unplaned boards;
- two bar (for hanging the birdhouse on a tree);
- screws or nails;
- steel wire d=1mm (for hanging the house);
- carpenter’s glue.
Of the tools you will need:
- a simple pencil with a ruler;
- wood saw (medium teeth);
- drill, drill for wood;
Work is performed in several stages:
In pencil on the boards according to the drawing notes the size of all wooden elements: bottom, wall, roof and perches.
The result should be 7 blanks
The bottom is executed in the form of a square with sides 13 cm height Difference front and rear walls 4 cm, it allows to set the angle of the roof. For this purpose, not the top cut side walls provides for the bevels. For the arrangement of the roof should prepare two pieces of different sizes: the first part resembles the configuration of the bottom of the house, the second rectangle large size to create a canopy.
Some craftsmen believe that a more successful variant in the arrangement of the house – the roof is tilted forward, which is formed due to the shorter front wall.
Sawing should be completed sequentially in order of paired items have the same size. To impart beauty to the product the outer surface of the boards can be further trim.
Using a drill or chisel a hole is done for the summer birds, d=3.8 cm (can be increased up to 5 cm)
Round hole entrance to the house is more preferable in comparison with the rectangular because in nature the birds closer round the hollow, in a house with a round entrance and they are located with higher probability. Hole location 5 cm from the top edge allows you to protect Chicks from tenacious paws of cats.
The side walls and the front facade of the structure is first held together with wood glue. As the glue of the part are fixed with nails or screws . By the same principle connect the lateral ends of the bottom front and side walls. In the last turn glued and hammered back wall of the birdhouse. Any cracks shouldn’t be.
Removable roof facilitates the maintenance of the birdhouse, when after the liberation of the bird house can be cleaned and even pour over boiling water so divorced parasites. To further strengthen the roof to protect the birds before visiting their home with a cat, you can use door hinges or rubber.
Parts of the roof are fastened together. To the house to fix the roof is not necessary
The finished birdhouse can be nailed or tied with wire. For additional protection and to facilitate the Chicks exit located at a slight angle to the outside surface, the design should be slightly tilted forward.
Placing a birdhouse in a tree, hanging design, it is preferable to use a wire, which is in contrast to the nails do not injure the tree. Additional protection of the bark of a tree there may be blocks of wood that will be a kind of lining, assuming the force of the tension wire.
«Watch» the house should be towards East or South-East. Optimal height of placement – from 3 to 5 meters
When planning how to build a birdhouse with your hands, I want to not only a functional design, convenient for birds but an attractive house, which will be a bright touch to the design of the site.
There is a misconception that the starlings do not occupy houses, painted in bright oil paint. But as practice shows, the bird family very comfortable feeling in such colorful apartments.
It is interesting to see the houses decorated with ornamental details. Some craftsmen create for birds real palaces with balconies and fences
Fantasizing on the subject of how to build a birdhouse that will be a real decoration of landscape design, to the underlying basis of the design can take the most simple version of house, which complements the original elements and played up the colours.
Birds can colonize them cooked «apartment» far not at once. On the development of new housing could take a year or even more. Do not worry and be patient: your good deeds over time will be rewarded.