Heating and ventilation

Wiring heating in private house

The design and arrangement of the heating system in the house can be done in many different ways. At the stage of drafting should choose the most optimal variant, which will help to translate into reality all the ideas of the owner, within the planned budget.

The most financially beneficial option is the single-tube wiring of the heating system. Twin-tube wiring, heating can cost a little more expensive, but the effectiveness of this method is significantly higher.

Wiring heating in private house

Popular methods of wiring the heating ↑

In the modern interior private house very often put the fireplace or the stove, but they are likely to carry a decorative function, emphasizing the individual style of the house, since the heating load falls on one or two contour boiler heating. The principle of operation of single-circuit boiler is solely to ensure the home heating, in turn, the boiler in addition to heating the house can also work as water heating.

Regardless of the type of boiler, for the arrangement of individual heating systems can be used as a single tube wiring diagram and a twin. Consider their main features, and try to figure out what are the advantages and disadvantages of each type.

Wiring heating in private house

Single-tube wiring of the heating system ↑

The principle of operation of such a system is very simple: when building heating is only installed one pipe, which creates a vicious circle. To the system connect the batteries from every room in the house.

To build such a system in two ways:

  • horizontal;
  • vertical.

Horizontal method for the arrangement of one-trumpet system of heating with the bottom distributing more popular, as it has a fairly simple design. Feature is the special method of stacking, in which the installed pipe should have a slight slope to the coolant could easily circulate throughout the system.

The nuances of the horizontal stacking method arise in the case where heating is mounted in a high-rise building. Then at the entrance to the original section of the radiator, located on the ground floor, you need to install the valve, partially overlapping you can create the necessary pressure for circulating the coolant on the upper floors.

Wiring heating in private house

Attention! Equipping the vertical layout of heating pipes in a private house it is very important to consider the location of pipes. It should be only vertical, and the pipes have a slightly larger diameter than when installed in a horizontal layout.

One of the advantages of one-trumpet system of heating with the bottom distributing is no need a mandatory connection to circular pump.

The advantages of one-pipe heating:

  • good saving on materials, as it requires less number of tubes;
  • very simple and clear diagram of the wiring;
  • understand the calculation of hydraulic loads for pipe.

But unfortunately, despite all positive moments, they completely negate one negative. It is a significant loss of temperature of the coolant when I remove it from boiler. This means that the batteries are in the back room will be slightly warm.

Wiring heating in private house

To correct this situation in the following ways:

  • to increase the total number of sections in the radiator, as removing it from the boiler;
  • set the special thermostatic radiator valves that regulate the supply pressure of coolant to each radiator;
  • mount the circulation pump that will hold pressure at the required level, and to facilitate the proper distribution of the coolant throughout the network.

Single-tube wiring of heating in a private home will be the best for the arrangement of the heating system in a one-story common house, with an area of not more than 100m?, it does not need additional devices by type «warm floor».

Wiring heating in private house

Double-tube bussing of a heating system ↑

The main difference between this type of arrangement of the heating system from the previous is that each battery is connected to the main pipe direct and reverse current. This feature increases the consumption of tubes, about two times. But it is worth noting the positive aspects. The landlord can adjust the level of heat in each radiator. As a result, in each room you can easily create a pleasant atmosphere.

The arrangement of the double-pipe heating system involves several high-ranking ways of wiring. Let’s explore each one in more detail.

Wiring heating in private house

The vertical scheme with the lower wiring ↑

Installation of two-pipe heating system with lower wiring includes the following steps:

  1. On the floor of the first floor or basement mounted main pipeline, which originates at the heating boiler.
  2. The pipe trunk is carried out in a vertical pipe, which ensure the promotion of coolant to radiators in the rooms.
  3. Each radiator must be installed in the pipe for a reverse outflow of the already cooled coolant in the boiler.

Engineering diagram of two-pipe heating system with lower wiring, it is necessary to think about how it will ensure the need for regular release of air from the pipeline. Typically, this requirement is ensured by the installation of air pipes, expansion tank and installation of valves Majewski on all batteries, which are located on the second and third floor of the building.

Wiring heating in private house

The vertical circuit with the upper wiring ↑

This model proposes that the coolant is supplied from the heater to the attic through the pipeline. From there on risers, the coolant flows through all the radiators of the house. And already cooled water returns to the boiler through the pipeline.

Attention! In order to avoid zavozdushivanie system, it is important periodically to remove air. For this purpose special mounted expansion tank.

The method of arrangement of the heating system of the house is largely more efficient than the method with the lower wiring, because the risers are served a lot more pressure.

Wiring heating in private house

Horizontal heating system ↑

The arrangement of the horizontal wiring of the heating system with forced circulation is a very popular method of heating homes.

When installing horizontal heating traditionally use several schemes:

  1. A dead-end. The advantages of this option is economical pipe flow. The disadvantage is that the length of the loop is very large, and this greatly complicates the regulation of the whole system.
  2. Associated promotion water. Circulating all the paths are of equal length, and this helps to adjust system quickly and easily. A disadvantage of this method of distributing heating of private houses is the large consumption of tubes, which cost significantly increase the budget for the repair and ruining the interior of the premises.
  3. Collector or radial arrangement of the heating system. Due to the fact that each battery is connected individually to a Central manifold distributing heating, very simply ensures an even distribution of heat. The disadvantage, as in the second case, is a very large consumption of materials. But all the pipes are mounted in the wall, which does not spoil the interior of the room. To date, this is the wiring diagram for the heating of private houses is gaining popularity among developers.

Choosing a wiring diagram it is important to consider many factors such as building area, types of construction material etc.

Wiring heating in private house

Pipe for heating systems ↑

Practice has shown that laying of the pipeline of heating system is most often used plastic, polypropylene, steel, copper, and tubes of stainless steel and galvanized steel.

Consider each type of tubes more details:

  1. Steel consumables. The process of connection of steel pipes – welding. Galvanized and stainless steel parts connected by thread method. It is very important to work on improvement of the heating system at home conducted by skilled workers. It should be noted that in modern construction is rarely used metal pipe. This is due to their high cost and rather complicated mounting.
  2. Copper pipe is the most durable material for the arrangement of the heating system of the house. Such pipes can withstand very high pressure and temperature. The method of connection of copper pipes – soldering. The rarity of use of this type of pipe lies in the very high price of the material.
    Wiring heating in private house
  3. Pipes from polypropylene. To date, this is the best option for the device wiring of the heating system in a private home. A large number of types of pipes made from this material. For example: fibreglass reinforced reinforced aluminum. The connection of polypropylene pipes is made by means of adhesions. The advantage of using pipes of this type is low price and simple installation.
  4. Plastic pipe. Installation of heating system using pipes of this type does not require special skills and knowledge. It is also worth noting that pipes made of such material does not form a precipitate. The connection is made with the help of fittings. The downside of using this type of pipes is that with each year the probability of a leak increases exponentially.

Wiring heating in private house

Conclusion ↑

The design and arrangement of the heating system of private homes – something that only time, knowledge and money. Therefore, in order to avoid errors it is best to turn for help to the professionals. After all, the drawbacks can be very expensive, so from the start to avoid them.

How to perform an independent double-tube wiring heating in private house find out in the next video

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