To garden plants pleasing crop, need irrigation, fertilizers, and the conditions for their proper development. Vines, for example, need support for it will cling to the stem, when spread upwards. For this purpose it is most convenient to use the trellis – a special design which will help the garden to grow vines, not slack, and will be an excellent decoration of any area. Overgrown vegetation, it forms a kind of openwork barrier: creates a shadow where there is a need, hides from the eyes of the outbuildings. As constructed simple trellis with your hands, and you need to do, we will tell you.
Spring – time pruning plants. Twigs, whose diameter is about 1 cm, often go to waste, and because of them you can build a simple, but lovely trellis for a variety of climbing plants. Peas, honeysuckle or hops – not too onerous plants for easy construction of branches. For work it is important to use flexible twigs, that they did not break and not split. For the formation of the trellis we will need secateurs and wire.
Do not rush to throw out the remainder after the spring pruning of the branches: they are they make simple, functional trellis for loaches, peas, hops
The number of branches used in this work depends on the scope of the upcoming building. In any case can not be less than two dozen. Branches need to sort by size, so not to waste time looking for the right rod. If the branches have stems, remove them.
The first branch stick into the ground to a depth of about 10-15 cm Next rod placed at 10cm from the first, but at an angle of 60 degrees thereto. The rods linking the wire on the diagonal. Repeat this action as many times as needed to get the tapestry of the required size. The resulting diamonds try to do the right shape, then the whole structure will be neat and will last longer.
To make a trellis from twigs can every: it does not need special skills, just be patient and do not take to work two hours
The minimum cost of tangible result. Let’s see how impressive and appealing the creepers of different species on this openwork design
The protruding ends of the branches cut. Should get a rectangle.
If we decide to do a universal tapestry that can withstand heavy vines and will last a few seasons, will have to spend more time and use other materials.
Here’s what you need to prepare:
- planed blocks of wood the size of 30h3 mm;
- round thick timber or a piece of shovel or rake;
- screws for wood;
- antiseptic solution for impregnation;
- plugs 8-10 mm in diameter;
- waterproof glue;
- a hacksaw;
- a power drill;
- the brush and paint.
After you prepare everything, you can start doing the work.
For the manufacture of a rectangular frame trellises, you must use the pieces of wood: two horizontal (1.8 m) and two vertical (at 2.2 m) carrying straps. The width of the finished bars — 42 cm, so the cross bar will be a length of 35 cm Cut them in advance.
In the manufacture of such structures, it is important not to rush and do everything carefully, then the result will be not only functional, but beautiful and durable
Bars mark making on wood cut, so you can insert a cross bar. The distance between the notches is 35 cm using a chisel remove the piece of wood in the cuts. Secure the slats in the wood can help moisture resistant adhesive. If that method of fixing it seems reliable enough, it is possible to use screws. The vertical and horizontal parts of the grid are held together by screws.
It looks like the trellis that is attached to the wall and braided plants: its presence allows the creepers to decorate the building without destroying it
The design is ready, it remains to fix it, for example, on the wall of the house. For drilling into the wall holes for the dowels using a drill. Between the wall and the trellis need to keep a small distance. For this segment of the stalk is cut into cylinders with a length of 30 mm. Below the grate stood a long time, it should be impregnated with antiseptic and, if desired, to cover with paint. Dried-out design attached to the wall.
To correctly build and install trellises for grapes is very important. Its long branches need to give this situation to light and air for the plant development and fruit ripening was enough. Time for preparation of the design are: it need only a third year. In the first two years, enough time supports, a role which perfectly fulfill the stakes.
Unwatered vineyard, growing along paths or walls, it is better placed on a vertical trellis. The Foundation of the structure will be the columns (diameter of 8-10 cm, height 2.5-3.5 m) of metal, concrete or wood. Wood is better to choose firm breeds (a beech, a chestnut, oak or white acacia). The lower end of the post (60-70 cm) can be annealed, coating resin or to hold a week in a 6% solution of copper sulfate. It will prolong their life.
Vertical odnoploskostnoy trellis allows the grapes to grow properly and get enough sun, air and heat, it bunches better filled with juice
Place the poles along the plants were planted at a distance of not less than 3 m from each other. Mark the location of the poles and the first pour in the extreme. Fasten them with anchors or abutments, which will allow the trellis to be in a tight taut. That’s what it is:
- Anchor. A large stone tied off with wire and fastened to the upper end of the pillar, and then buried in the ground a meter away from the base. With this mount posts set inclined.
- Emphasis. Vertical mount extreme poles require the installation of struts at the bottom by a number. The upper end of the strut enters the notch on the surface of the pole and under the lower end is a stone, buried half a meter into the ground.
Orient the trellis in the direction from South to North. Wire should I use galvanized. Place it in three or four rows, attaching them to the extreme poles of capital, and medium — by means of brackets. So it can be tightened if slack. The bottom row should be in the 30-40 cm from the ground, and each following a foot from the previous one. Pull the start wire from the top row to the bottom.
If there is watering and the soil is fertile, you can make your own hands the two-plane trellis for grapes. This design is more difficult than the previous, but it can significantly increase the aboveground part of the plant, providing it with air, heat and light. Such care ensures a good harvest and excellent fruit quality.
A dual plane design is used in the conditions of fertile land and irrigation: this design helps to get higher yields on the same size territories
Two-plane design consists of two ordinary trellises that are angled to each other. The construction can present a cross bar, the top of which is two times longer than the lower. The ends of these rails are useful for fastening of wire.
A similar trellis can be used in industrial production of grapes, and a modest garden area
Time to think about how to make a functional trellis for cucumbers, do not have this facility do not have to be beautiful. To ensure a bountiful harvest – that’s its main purpose.
On the bed set the support posts at a distance of 2.5 m from each other. To the top of each column is nailed to a wooden crossbar length 80 cm Connects all columns with crossbeams between the spacer bar. It is located in the middle part of the structure, its length equals the total length of the beds. In the 25 centimeters on either side of the spacer bar in the crossbar banging in the nails. They pulled the wire. Trellis ready.
Trellis for cucumbers do not for beauty, but for maximum yield the culture, that does not prevent them to be neat and to decorate the garden
Consider the trellis diagram. She is very detailed and clearly depicts the entire structure and gives a complete picture of exactly how it should be properly build
The twine is cut into segments 2.5 m. One end is fixed to the stem of the plant, and the second – on the wire. This arrangement of the plant allows them to avoid the diseases associated with waterlogged leaves and stems. The space of the garden is ordered, and crop yield increases.