In the spring, along with the awakening of nature aktiviziruyutsya and gardeners, because there comes a hot time. To get a good harvest in the autumn, it is necessary in early spring to prepare the soil for future garden beds, choosing the right fertilizer in the required quantities. While taking into account the needs of the crops you plan to plant the garden. Experienced growers know how to fertilize spring vegetable garden and how to do it. A similar question arises, as a rule, beginners, who decided to learn the science of growing vegetables and flowers on his land. The necessity of fertilizing the land is dictated by the annual depletion of resources. If you do not enrich the soil in nutrients, the yield each year will decline.
Experts believe the spring season is the best time to soil all kinds of fertilizer: organic, necessarily prepared in advance, the mineral, taken in certain doses, and also mixtures thereof. Begin to the procedure of fertilizing garden soil after snow melting. Some gardeners practice the distribution of fertilizer over the snow, but with this method the deposited substances can «sail» the plot with meltwater.
Fruit trees can begin to fertilize, without waiting for a fully thawed soil, tree trunks. Vegetable and flower crops is recommended to feed immediately prior to planting. Not to forget, what fertilizer, when and where to make, it is necessary to have an advance plan. It should ensure that all plants receive the necessary micronutrients in optimal for their development the number.
When fertilizing it is impossible to act on the principle: the more the better. Because of organic and mineral substances included in excess, can be detrimental to the condition of crops. Special care require fertilizers and mixed feeding. When working with these types of fertilizers should follow the doses indicated on the label.
To organic fertilizers include:
- manure or humus;
- bird droppings»
Organics, well loosen up the soil, contains many useful trace elements. In the village these fertilizers are in each compound in excess, so you can buy them inexpensively. Given that contribute organic once in three years, that too much money is not required. Best on the fertility of the soil is affected by the humus (rotted manure), which are scattered through the area three to four weeks before digging the land and planting of vegetable crops.
For the spring soil suitable pre-prepared organic fertilizers. Rotted manure, turning for a couple of years in humus, improves significantly the fertility of the earth
One square meter garden distributed two-gallon bucket of compost, which can be replaced with peat or compost. Here’s how to make compost yourself:
Organic fertilizers besides the obvious advantages have some disadvantages, namely:
- some substances (fresh manure, poultry manure) can simply «burn» the roots of the plants;
- a large amount of fertilizer that must be delivered to the site and to distribute, with a lot of physical effort;
- the risk of infection of vegetable flies onions and carrots;
- problems with the search in the absence of nearby farms and private farms;
- sharp specific smell.
There is another interesting method of Mittleider, more on the video:
And here’s another video example about the manufacture of fertilizers:
Work with a fertilizer easier, as they are sold in concentrated form in all specialized stores. However, when calculating the volume of any need to be particularly careful. You should follow the dosages recommended by the manufacturers of fertilizers, depending on the needs of the crops grown in a particular location of the garden plot. Granulated phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers are applied in accordance with established standards in the soil in the spring just prior to digging. In this case, the useful minerals will be in close proximity to the root system of plants. The recommended depth of the granules is about 20 cm.
Many gardeners are prejudiced against mineral fertilizer, considering that «chemistry» hurt the land and plants growing on it. Of course, the soil structure is not improved from the application of mineral fertilizers. For this purpose, we need organic. But the plants have access to all necessary for the growth of the micronutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus. Products based on potassium contribute to a more rapid ripening. The complex fertilizer comprising two or even three components, which can satisfy the need of plants in all nutritional elements. Complex fertilizers are produced in the form of liquid or granules.
Fertilizer granules make spring in strictly defined doses to the soil, thus providing plants with all necessary nutrients
Ten square metres of vegetable garden in the spring usually make:
- 300-350 grams of nitrogen fertilizers (ammonium nitrate, urea, or urea);
- 250 g – phosphate fertilizer;
- 200 g – potassium fertilizer that can replace wood ashes.
In summer, during intensive growth of plants fertilizer again, but the dose of all fertilizers reduce three times.
Granular superphosphate is a universal nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer suitable for use on all types of soils. Provides food crops grown in the country or the garden
Unlike organic fertilizers, mineral supplements should be added to soil annually. And funds for the purchase of mineral supplements it is necessary to allocate from the family budget more. Of course, the return on investment for a long time will not have to wait. The plot in autumn and enjoy the harvest, and flowering plants will bring an aesthetic pleasure even earlier.
Finally I would like to show a video with helpful tips on choosing fertilizers: