Water, as a symbol of purity and life changes, has always attracted people. A small pond, near which to spend time, aloof from everyday stress, is a popular element of landscape design of suburban areas. Plants for the pond – a mandatory attribute of the design of the reservoir. Planting flowering and dekorativnolistvennye beauties not only allows you to transform the pond, but also to protect it.
Herbaceous plants and shrubs, decorated with delicate and colorful flowers complement the picturesque composition of natural cozy corner bright accents and unique aromas.
A pond framing the green compositions always looks natural and at the same time elegant
However, in addition to the decorative appeal of water plants for the pond and also perform a practical purpose. The leaves of plants located above the surface of the water, a little shade the water, thereby preventing the development or growth of algae. Because of this water may remain over a long period of transparent and clean.
In addition, on hot summer days the natural foliage shading the water surface can dissipate the sun’s rays, which heat the water.
The shading is especially necessary for ponds which are home to fish, frogs, turtles and other amphibians
When choosing plants for the pond at the cottage, it is necessary to adhere to a single decorative idea. This will allow you to create a composition that stand out from the other elements of the landscape, at the same time will be with them in harmony.
Planning the deployment of green plantings it is advisable to determine the main angle, relative to which the composition will look more impressive
Any decorative composition looks elegant and rich, if designed with the planned items, when the foreground is decorated with low or groundcover, the second terms stand taller plants.
Planning to build along one of the sides of the reservoir rest area, the plants for this site are chosen low, so that they do not block scenic landscape and access to the pond.
Plants for ponds are selected based on the past zoning in depth. In the deepest part of the reservoir, which is mainly located in the center of the pond, are deep-water plants closer to the coast and wetland area with shallow floating. On the coast of the pond are the representatives of the plant world, which comfortably grow in moist soil, and dry on the shore – less water-loving shrubs and flowers.
The middle floating on the water surface handsome dotted with countless stamens. Lotus prefers to grow in Sunny areas of the pond, the depth of which not less than 40 see Its roots submerged in the soil under the water, and the leaves and flowers float freely above the water surface.
The Lotus is delicate and beautiful flower, favorite of many gardeners, can rightfully claim to be king of the pond
The middle floating on the water surface handsome dotted with countless stamens. Lotus prefers proizrostaet in Sunny areas of the pond, the depth of which not less than 40 see Its roots submerged in the soil under the water, and the leaves and flowers float freely above the water surface.
Not less spectacular addition to vegetable composition may be water lilies
Varieties of these nymphs there are more than a dozen, and each of them requires certain landing conditions and depth for the growth. Lily also refers to the deep sun-loving flowers.
Worthy decoration of the Central part of the pond can be brasenia with dark purple buds and Shelkovich delicate white miniature flowers
Plants of the freshwater lake, floating on the surface, appear not only as a natural «screens», patenaude water surface. They serve an important function, as the absorbed organic substances dissolved in water, and adjust thereby the ecological equilibrium.
Among the most picky members of this species of plants are: the asola, Wolffia, water chestnut, geresni. They are very comfortable feel like Sunny areas and shading areas.
Lace a dense carpet, woven from tiny leaf azole, gives any special reservoir of mystery. The shades of carpet may vary from red-brown and deep green with pinkish to bluish-green
Water chestnut resembling a spiny ball with curved horns, decorated with a decorative rosette of jagged leaves
Among the beautifully-blooming picky floating plants are vodokras, hydroclean, luronium, pemphigus.
Unassuming vodokras, also called Genicom, effectively stands out from other water plants, heart-shaped leaves and three-petal flowers. It has taken root in our latitudes, the player of hidroclean looks very similar vodokras
To plant such plants should be in small quantities. Their leaves should not cover more than half the surface of the water.
Unattractive plants–oxygenerator, primarily to clean the pond. From absorbing water, carbon dioxide and mineral substances, they are deprived of food algae and thereby prevent contamination of the water.
Among the ornamental varieties of plants oxygeneration allocated hornwort, pondweed, canadian and Urrutia
Fluffy Ceratophyllum with needle-like leaves and prefers shady riparian areas. Spike inflorescence pondweed pink shades are the perfect food for the inhabitants of the pond. Floating twigs with a metallic sheen of Elodea are growing so fast that already during the first year of entering into the reservoir, the plant is able to create dense thickets. Canadian picky to lighting and temperature.
When selecting plants for the design of the pond in the coastal area the choice can be stopped by water-loving plants such as calamus, marigold, cattail, reed.
Among the marsh plants have a decorative fern, day-Lily, Volzhanka, Geum
Forming a flower-bed in the coastal zone, it is possible to play on the contrast of forms and colors. For example, a graceful, elongated leaves and unusual flowers of the iris, contrasting with the Golden flowers globeflowers, impressive look at the background tracery of fern. When creating songs the main thing – do not overdo it. Harmonious aesthetic arrangement of plants to decorate the landscape of the area, fills the soul with pleasant emotions from the contemplation of.