Gladiolus can be considered to be majestic and graceful king of the garden. Its history is thousands of years old. In ancient times it was considered the flower of the gladiators, from sharp like sharp sword leaves. They are the same and its Botanical name is gladiolus. This flower has over 200 species and countless variety of beautiful varieties.
Not all designers love to use gladiolus in landscape design because he, like royalty, is rather capricious, and in terms of growing and in terms of application design. Should plant it in a small amount and gladiolus will be lonely and miserable, but if you overdo it, it can turn into a plantation. But professionals know, in a properly composed songs, this plant will decorate, delighting with its stunning beauty.
Usually gladiolus grown for cut flowers, they look great as a single performed and composed compositions. Many are mistaken that it is only for bouquets, gladiolus looks good in microcera and flower beds.
In this high myxboxfreak colors assign the second and third rows and make them look more impressive, planted close to each other. During flowering they will create the main focus of the flower bed. For compositions generally used small-or they grow medium-blossom varieties, groups of several types.
In the preparation glandularia – beds, composed of gladioli, you need to consider the compatibility of the colors and the timing of growth of each variety. Knowing all this, you can make «floral» the picture to your taste.
When creating a flower bed, choose plants with your neighbors, relying on the time and duration of flowering, flower the area was pleased with its colors as long as possible. For example, since the spring, the bed will appreciate the blooming daffodils and tulips, then irises are blooming and peonies will come later flowering gladioli may different varieties with different flowering period. After will come the turn for the autumn flowers such as chrysanthemums and asters.
To the rear of the garden plan good «solid» plants, especially, will look great conifers and evergreen shrubs. In the foreground can be undersized hosts and plant.
There are some rules how to use gladiolus in landscape design:
- Plant Spagnoli need groups as a single will look flawed and pathetic.
- You can plant several varieties with different colours next, making a smooth transition of colors.
- Low-growing varieties will look good a narrow strip along walkways or in borders lawn.
- Should not be planted next to tall dahlias as they will contend, flowering at the same time, interrupting each other in composition.
- Next is to place the annual plants that their roots will not interfere with digging up gladiolus for the winter.
- Can’t sit next a few two-tone varieties that will be too gaudy and overshadow the beauty of other plants.
- For gladioli need a solid background, then you can appreciate the beauty of the color palette.
- They do not like waterlogged and need to put them on a small hill to irrigation water flowed on.
- Can’t sit next melkotsvetkovye and large-variety, the big fellows will take all the attention on himself and the small flowers are inconspicuous.
- Choosing neighbors for gladiolus, try to choose plants below him with a soft texture for contrast.
- Planting large-flowered varieties, we must remember that his trunks would look naked without a low-growing deciduous neighbors.
Gladiolus is a rather whimsical flower and are usually planted in groups of several varieties, distinguishable by color, texture and flowering time.
But for all his capricious nature, he may have a lot of neighbors. He gets along well with other bulb flowers such as daffodils and tulips.
From the annual friends can be a tobacco, snapdragons, marigolds, pyrethrum, bindweed, and others. Make friends with him and perennials like Aster, oregano, spirea, barberry and sage.
Gladiolus or gladiolus is a perennial tuber-bulbous plant of the family iridaceae. The tubers it has a rounded, slightly flattened, covered with scales of different colors, from cream to almost black. Single straight stems wrapped bottom thin leaves with swords. Giant varieties reach up to 170 centimeters in height. The flowers are collected in long (80 cm) inflorescences, depending on variety, of different density. They are located in different ways, on the one hand, with the two sides, in a spiral or ear.
Flowers in inflorescences of from 12 to 16 to 30 and more, they bloom from 8 to 25 days, depending on plant variety. Gladioli are divided by blooming flowers:
- Miniature flowers up to 7 cm.
- Small-up to 10 centimeters.
- They grow medium-blossom – up to 12 inches.
- Large-up to 15 centimeters.
- Giant – more than 17 inches.
The petals are very diverse, they can be smooth or crimped and fringed or pleated. Colors will impress any connoisseur, they can be both monochrome and with different inclusions of other colors.
Types of gladiolus are divided into two categories – it’s wild and hybrid. The first types are found in the wild, the second only from the professionals – lovers. Here are the main wild species, hybrid species and ornamental varieties bred on the basis of their.
Gladiolus marsh grows in marshy meadows of Europe and Italy. Its height reaches 60 cm, has up to 8 flowers in one-sided inflorescence with a length of about 3 cm dark purple color. Blooms in summer and is used in rock gardens and around ponds.
The Byzantine gladiolus can be found on forest edges in the Mediterranean and Asia. The height is up to 60 cm, with double-sided inflorescence with 4-5 flowers about 6 inches in width, of crimson hue with a white line in the middle of the petals. Blooms in summer.
Gladiolus Kochi grows in the mountains in Alpine meadows. Height are up to 65 inches, with one-sided inflorescence, in which up to 8 small dark purple-violet flower. Blooms in spring and bears fruit.
Gladiolus common found in the Alpine mountains in Europe, Crimea and Caucasus. Up to a meter, with one ear, in which up to 8 flowers light purple colouring to the outer edge and white on the inside. Blooms in late spring.
Gladiolus planting there are in Europe and Russia. Its height reaches 80 cm, the inflorescence is a loose double-sided with 10 flowers reaching 3-4 inches, from pink to purple shades with a white stripe in the middle. Blooms in summer.
Gladiolus imbricated likes dry meadows and shrubs in Europe, Russia and Asia. With a height of about 80 inches, with a unilateral dense inflorescence with 14 flowers red shades. Blooms in early summer.
To see the types and varieties of hybrid gladiolus on the video:
Although gladioli capricious and demanding, putting him at least once and seeing all its exquisite beauty, any gardener wants to plant it for next year. These flowers are so charming and beautiful in themselves that they can do without neighbors. But properly inserting them into the floral arrangement once, every landscape designer, will use it always.