Once in the garden or in the country, want to fully relax from the urban bustle, but also from anything that connects us with the city. Hardly anyone can consider asphalt paths decoration modern estate landscape. Meanwhile, it garden paths, patios and courtyards is one of the leading positions in landscape design. Why not use to cover garden paths acclaimed paving, especially because paving his hands is not such a hard task. But the technology of this process, we’ll tell you now.
Originally, the pavement was implied basalt or granite surface which was used not only for paving garden paths, but also for laying sidewalks and pavements. For bridge, by the way, used raw granite with a flat surface. The bars had to be of the same form and size. Nowadays for paving large areas use stab and sawn rectangles has been subjected to additional grinding.
On such paths of pavers I would like to go. They perfectly fit into the overall landscape design, becoming an integral part
Paving stones are still in demand, only she became much more diverse, although the products all also have a fair amount of strength and a constant attraction.
The main and undoubted advantage of the paving stone of concrete — a low cost with good consumer properties. This option is most often used for paving garden paths. In the manufacture of elements of this covering is used concrete, with added plasticizers and color pigments. Produce such paving or vibro or vibratory casting.
Despite the fact that concrete paving is relatively cheap, it is also possible to create a very nice finish for garden paths
Distinctive features of the paving slabs is its durability, strength and resistance to low temperatures. The basis of this coverage – clay. Essentially this product is a brick. Form and color it can be a variety.
Paving clay looks very attractive. Its dialed geometry allows you to create unimaginable beauty of the panels
Stone – a classic pavers. Depending on the appearance of stone pavers is divided into split, sawn-chipped and just sawn. It could be granite, and basalt, and even marble. Such a coating can survive the master who built it. For garden paths, you can use the siltstone or Sandstone. If such stones will seem to you too expensive, use a cheaper artificial stone.
Granite paving stone looks a winner and on a rainy day in the sun. Feature of this coating is its durability
Among the many advantages of this coverage, we have identified only the main, which will rush immediately to list:
- external appeal;
- compressive strength;
- resistance to changes of temperature, and it is not only cold, but of heat;
- resistance to abrasion and mechanical damage.
To pave with paving stones can not only garden and garden paths are designed for pedestrians, but the vehicle platform, for example. If the assumed significant load, stow coverage you need on a concrete base. It will not allow the rock to deform.
Still not embedded in the pavement itself, the amount determines the appearance of the track, and then, with what skill and love of the work is done
There are three basic types of block paving:
- in regular rows;
But the number of subspecies unquantifiable: herringbone, pigtail, checkerboard pattern, scale, rectangle, circle and other deserving special story-telling ways. There are aesthetes who are able to create of paving national flower or floral ornament, intricate Arabic script, the incredible beauty of the space scenes. A creative activity like paving your own hands can captivate, but it is important to remember that the paved paths – part of the overall landscape design.
For walkways in the garden and dacha are often used pavers chipped or sawn-split species is irregular in shape and small in size (7?7?5 cm or 5?5?3 cm). She used to perform small ornament. If you plan to make a simple geometric pattern, it is possible to take for this purpose a tile size of 20х10х4 5 cm of clinker bricks. Embodying natural or natural style, use paving stones, which are made of natural stone.
The imagination of a master is infinite, so the garden and the cottage may look, is filled with paths, celebratory even in the gloomy late autumn
Creating beauty is not necessary to use many colors. Clinker bricks just two colors is able to produce this laconic luxury
Want to cover the garden and country lanes was durable? Follow the application technology.
Plan your plot should be moved to graph paper. Note its block paving. Now that we know their length and the total area, we can calculate the need for the pavement. Don’t forget to the resulting figure add 10% for probable marriage. Need to buy sand, cement and gravel or crushed stone. Don’t forget the geotextile. Now we need to lay out the area using pegs and nylon cord. To drive the pegs need not less than 1-1,5 meters from each other.
Take out the soil to such a depth that the future of the track surface coincides with ground level or slightly above it. Otherwise, the water that formed after a rain will accumulate on paved areas and stagnate, or it will have to be removed. So, consider the thickness of the future layers of sand, gravel, or crushed stone and add the height of the bar. Left calculated value of the depth of excavation.
Approximately so should look in the context path, which we create with their hands. Based on the thickness of each layer, it is possible to determine the depth to which you will have to remove the soil
Prepare the base, not sparing this procedure is time and effort. The earth needs a good leveling, remove all the unwanted stones and roots of plants. Achieve smooth surfaces, for which all the pits filled up, and the bumps stasium. Then we stamp the soil. If you do not have for this purpose a special tool, you can do it yourself.
The soil should be covered with a geotextile: weeds will not grow through the fabric and spoil your carpet. On dense soil, you can use 10-20 cm of sand as a first layer. Loose soil is best strengthened with gravel, a layer which is 10-15 cm In any case, the Packed layer should be well compacted. According to experts, as a first layer it is even better to apply the gravel to avoid further deformation of the pavement.
Special attention should be paid to those areas which have difficult terrain. In this case, the cementing or concreting can not be avoided. Cement mortar doing at the rate of one part cement and three parts fine sand. Four or five inch cement cushion would be sufficient. Another option is coating, you can see on the following pictures.
Another variant of the sequential laying of layers that should be placed under the pavement. Don’t forget that rainwater should drain away from the track: a slight slope to the edges will not prevent
With a border, any job looks neat and complete. For this purpose it is better to buy a ready-made borders, which are used when performing construction works. And you can take a pavement, only choose a larger size.
If the track needs a border, you can dig an additional trench along a stretched nylon cord. Cement mortar should be pour into the trench in the process of placing the elements of the curb. Each composite part of a future outline of the track should fit snugly to the previous one, and the edge of the curb to come into contact with the stretched cord. There is a special rubber hammer mallet, which will knock out the curb, so he got the way you planned.
Laying the curb can occur with adjacent trim boards. This is a very convenient way in which the geometry of structures in complete safety
It is very convenient to strengthen the border with edging Board. First can be clipped into the excavated trench is it, then, right up to her, place a border stone or tile.
Take the time to start laying the pavers, let a border at least a day to dry. If you have sandy «pillow», must be abundantly shed water sand before laying the pavers. To lay paving in different ways. To offer you a video as reference was used a strained thread.
Before you place the pavers, you can bring down the boxes from edging boards. The recommended size is 1×0. 7 meters. They are set and fixed on the pillow, and then begin the process of paving. Pavers are placed firmly on the previously developed image. Don’t forget to use a level to check the quality of the work performed. Knock out elements of the cover, consider using pavers.
The use of thread or wooden boxes helps to maintain the geometry of the figure, not to go beyond the planned size, which is especially important for large volumes of work
If you need to cut the element to the desired pieces, use a grinder equipped with a diamond wheel. This can occur when the layout of the complex areas around some object: porch, garden sculpture or pond. In the presence of vibrotraining tool with rubber base to avoid damage to the pavement, use it: the surface must be dense.
The track can be not only challenging their own special ornament. This is made in several levels, which requires special skills
Paved on the track surface apply a layer of wet sand, and then just power trowel it into the joints with brooms with hard bristles. The work has been completed.
Finishing the already finished tracks performed well known since ancestral times method. After that the work will be considered fully completed
Now you see how the garden is decorated with paving stones, laid their hands, first a neat track with a curb. Now if done correctly, the second bridge you will be already easier.